Hemicyoninae

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Hemicyoninae
Temporal range: Early Oligocene to Late Miocene
33.9–5.3 Ma
Hemicyon sansaniensis.JPG
Hemicyon sansaniensis
Scientific classification
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Hemicyoninae

Frick, 1926
Tribes and Genera

Hemicyoninae is an extinct subfamily of Ursidae[1][2] often called "dog-bears", literally "half dog" (Greek: ἡμικυων "hemi-kyōn"), bear-like carnivoran living in Europe, North America, Africa and Asia during the Oligocene through Miocene epochs 33.9–5.3 Ma, existing for approximately 28.6 million years. They are sometimes classified by some authors as a separate family.[3]

Systematics[edit]

  • Subfamily †Hemicyoninae (Frick, 1926)
    • Tribe †Cephalogalini (de Bonis, 2013)
      • Adelpharctos (de Bonis, 1971)
        • Adelpharctos ginsburgi (de Bonis, 2011)
        • Adelpharctos mirus (de Bonis, 1971)
      • Cyonarctos (de Bonis, 2013)
        • Cyonarctos dessei (de Bonis, 2013)
      • Phoberogale (Ginsburg & Morales, 1995)
        • Phoberogale minor (Filhol, 1877)
        • Phoberogale bonali (Helbing, 1928)
        • Phoberogale depereti (Viret, 1929)
        • Phoberogale gracile (Pomel, 1847)
      • Filholictis (de Bonis, 2013)
        • Filholictis filholi (Munier-Chalmas, 1877)
      • Cephalogale (Jourdan, 1862)
        • Cephalogale shareri (Wang, et al., 2009)
        • Cephalogale gergoviensis (Viret, 1929)
        • Cephalogale ginesticus (Kuss, 1962)
        • Cephalogale geoffroyi (Jourdan, 1862)
    • Tribe †Phoberocyonini (Ginsburg & Morales, 1995)
      • Plithocyon (Ginsburg, 1955)
        • Plithocyon armagnacensis (Ginsburg, 1955)
        • Plithocyon statzlingii (Frick, 1926)
        • Plithocyon bruneti (Ginsburg, 1980)
        • Plithocyon barstowensis (Frick, 1926)
        • Plithocyon ursinus (Cope, 1875)
      • Phoberocyon (Ginsburg, 1955)
        • Phoberocyon hispanicus (Ginsburg & Morales, 1998)
        • Phoberocyon dehmi (Ginsburg, 1955)
        • Phoberocyon huerzeleri (Ginsburg, 1955)
        • Phoberocyon aurelianensis (Mayet, 1908)
        • Phoberocyon youngi (Xiang et al., 1986)
        • Phoberocyon johnhenryi (White, 1947)
    • Tribe †Hemicyonini (Frick, 1926)
      • Zaragocyon (Ginsburg & Morales, 1995)
        • Zaragocyon daamsi (Ginsburg & Morales, 1995)
      • Dinocyon (Jourdan, 1861)
        • Dinocyon aurelianensis (Frick, 1926)
        • Dinocyon sansaniensis (Frick, 1926)
        • Dinocyon thenardi (Jourdan, 1861)
      • Hemicyon (Lartet, 1851)
        • Hemicyon barbouri (Colbert, 1941)
        • Hemicyon teilhardi (Colbert, 1939)
        • Hemicyon grivensis (Frick, 1926)
        • Hemicyon minor (Dépéret, 1887)
        • Hemicyon sansaniensis (Lartet, 1851)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Louis De Bonis (2013). "Ursidae (Mammalia, Carnivora) from the Late Oligocene of the "Phosphorites du Quercy" (France) and a reappraisal of the genus Cephalogale Geoffroy, 1862". Geodiversitas. 35 (4): 787–814. doi:10.5252/g2013n4a4.
  2. ^ a b L. de Bonis (2011). "A new species of Adelpharctos (Mammalia, Carnivora, Ursidae) from the late Oligocene of the "Phosphorites du Quercy" (France)". Estudios Geológicos. 67 (2): 179–186. doi:10.3989/egeol.40553.181.
  3. ^ McKenna, Malcolm C., and Bell, Susan K. 1997. Classification of Mammals Above the Species Level. Columbia University Press, New York, 631 pp. ISBN 0-231-11013-8