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Temporal range: Late Oligocene to Late Miocene
33.9–5.3 Ma
Hemicyon sansaniensis.JPG
Hemicyon sansaniensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Caniformia
Family: Ursidae[1]
Subfamily: Hemicyoninae
Frick, 1926

Hemicyoninae is an extinct subfamily of Ursidae[1][2] often called "dog-bears", literally "half dog" (Greek: ἡμικυων "hemi-kuôn"), bear-like carnivoran living in Europe, North America, Africa and Asia during the Oligocene through Miocene epochs 33.9–5.3 Ma, existing for approximately 28.6 million years. They are sometimes classified by some authors as a separate family.[3]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Louis De Bonis (2013). "Ursidae (Mammalia, Carnivora) from the Late Oligocene of the "Phosphorites du Quercy" (France) and a reappraisal of the genus Cephalogale Geoffroy, 1862". Geodiversitas. 35 (4): 787–814. doi:10.5252/g2013n4a4. 
  2. ^ a b L. de Bonis (2011). "A new species of Adelpharctos (Mammalia, Carnivora, Ursidae) from the late Oligocene of the "Phosphorites du Quercy" (France)". Estudios Geológicos. 67 (2): 179–186. doi:10.3989/egeol.40553.181. 
  3. ^ McKenna, Malcolm C., and Bell, Susan K. 1997. Classification of Mammals Above the Species Level. Columbia University Press, New York, 631 pp. ISBN 0-231-11013-8