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Mediterranean house gecko.JPG
Mediterranean house gecko, Hemidactylus turcicus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Gekkota
Family: Gekkonidae
Genus: Hemidactylus
Oken, 1817[1]
Type species
Gecko tuberculosus
Around 90 species, and see text

In alphabetical order:


Hemidactylus (the house geckos) is a genus of the family of common geckos, Gekkonidae. It has about 90 described species, newfound ones being described every few years. These geckos are found in all the tropical regions of the world, extending into the subtropical parts of Africa and Europe. They excel in colonizing oceanic islands by rafting on flotsam, and are for example found across most of Polynesia. In some archipelagoes, cryptic species complexes are found.[2] Geckos like to live in and out of houses. They are introduced to Australia.[citation needed]

They are typically known as house geckos, due to their readiness to adapt to and coexist with humans. This genus was originally established by Lorenz Oken in 1817 for the species at that time known as Hemidactylus tuberculosus, and now described as the tropical house gecko (Hemidactylus mabouia).[2]


A house gecko will usually confine its excretions to one area of a house. This is sometimes considered a nuisance by home owners, and may stain certain surfaces.[3] The feces are approximately five (5) millimeters in length, two (2) millimeters wide, and dark brown (almost black) in color.


Foot upperside (left) and underside of the Oriental leaf-toed gecko (H. bowringii).

The dorsal lepidosis is either uniform or heterogeneous. The pupil of the eye is vertical. Males have pre-anal or femoral pores. Each finger or toe has a slender distal clawed joint, angularly bent and rising from within the extremity of the dilated portion.[4]

The fingers and toes are free, or more or less webbed, and dilated; underneath they bear two[citation needed] rows of lamellae in a pattern resembling a paripinnate compound leaf.[4] This leads to their other and more ambiguous common name, "leaf-toed geckos", used mainly for species from South Asia and its surroundings to prevent confusion with the many "leaf-toed" Gekkota not in Hemidactylus.


Juvenile common house gecko (H. frenatus).
Juvenile Mediterranean house gecko (H. turcicus).
Unidentified Hemidactylus adult from Dindigul (Tamil Nadu, India).
Common lizard in Chennai, India.


The following phylogeny is from Pyron, et. al (2013),[9] and includes 47 Hemidactylus species. Hemidactylus is a sister group of Cyrtodactylus.[9]


Hemidactylus bowringii

Hemidactylus garnotii

Hemidactylus karenorum

Hemidactylus platyurus

Hemidactylus fasciatus

Hemidactylus aaronbaueri

Hemidactylus giganteus

Hemidactylus depressus

Hemidactylus triedrus

Hemidactylus prashadi

Hemidactylus maculatus

Hemidactylus leschenaultii

Hemidactylus flaviviridis

Hemidactylus frenatus

Hemidactylus brookii

Hemidactylus sataraensis

Hemidactylus imbricatus

Hemidactylus albofasciatus

Hemidactylus reticulatus

Hemidactylus gracilis

Hemidactylus angulatus

Hemidactylus haitianus

Hemidactylus mabouia

Hemidactylus mercatorius

Hemidactylus longicephalus

Hemidactylus platycephalus

Hemidactylus greeffii

Hemidactylus brasilianus

Hemidactylus bouvieri

Hemidactylus palaichthus

Hemidactylus agrius

Hemidactylus modestus

Hemidactylus citernii

Hemidactylus foudaii

Hemidactylus pumilio

Hemidactylus dracaenacolus

Hemidactylus granti

Hemidactylus persicus

Hemidactylus yerburii

Hemidactylus robustus

Hemidactylus turcicus

Hemidactylus lemurinus

Hemidactylus mindiae

Hemidactylus macropholis

Hemidactylus oxyrhinus

Hemidactylus forbesii

Hemidactylus homoeolepis


  1. ^ Dahms Tierleben. www.dahmstierleben.de
  2. ^ a b c Lizards of the World (2004): Hemidactylus. Version of 2004-FEB-08. Retrieved 2009-APR-04.
  3. ^ "House Geckos". 
  4. ^ a b Boulenger, G.A. (1890). The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. London: Secretary of State for India in Council. (Taylor and Francis, printers). xviii + 541 pp. (Genus Hemidactylus, p. 82). Fulltext at the Internet Archive
  5. ^ Angarwal, I., Giri, V.B., & Bauer, A.M. (2011). "A new cryptic rock-dwelling Hemidactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from south India". Zootaxa 2765: 21-37.
  6. ^ Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M. 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Hemidactylus greeffii, p. 107).
  7. ^ "Hemidactylus greeffii ". The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
  8. ^ Henle, K., and W. Böhme. (2003). "A new species of Hemidactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from West Africa, and comments on species hitherto confused with H. muriceus". African Journal of Herpetology 52 (1) 23-38.
  9. ^ a b Pyron, R Alexander, Frank T Burbrink and John J Wiens. 2013. A phylogeny and revised classification of Squamata, including 4161 species of lizards and snakes. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013 13:93. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2148-13-93

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