Hemignathus

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Hemignathus
Zzznukupuuaffinis.jpg
Oʻahu nukupuʻu (Hemignathus lucidus)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Fringillidae
Subfamily: Carduelinae
Genus: Hemignathus
Lichtenstein, 1839
Species

See text

Synonyms

Akialoa
Heterorhynchus
Magumma
(see text)

Hemignathus is a Hawaiian honeycreeper genus in the Carduelinae subfamily of the finch (Fringillidae) family.

These birds are endemic to the Hawaiian Islands.

Extinctions[edit]

Many of its species became extinct during the 19th and 20th centuries due to a combination of habitat destruction, introduced predators, and most importantly mosquito-borne diseases.

One species known as the Giant Amakihi known only from fossils, became extinct in prehistoric times, when Polynesian settlers deforested the lowlands for agriculture.

Taxonomy[edit]

(Sub)Genus Hemignathus sensu stricto - pointed or long and downcurved bills, insectivores or nectarivores. The Nukupu‘u:

(Sub)Genus Heterorhynchus - long and downcurved upper and short and stout lower bill, probes for insects

See also[edit]