Hemiphragmoceratidae

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Hemiphragmoceratidae
Temporal range: Mid Silurian -?Mid Devonian
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Cephalopoda
Subclass: Nautiloidea
Order: Oncocerida
Family: Hemiphragmoceratidae
Foeste (1926)
Genera

Hemiphragmoceratidae is a family of endogastrically brevconic oncocerids characterized by elaborately visored apertures in which the hyponomic sinus in mature specimens is on a spout-like process and there may be lateral and dorsal salients. (Sweet 1964, Flower 1950). Shells are compressed with the apical portion curved and the anterior straight. Siphucles are nummuloideal with expanded spheroidal segments and continuously actinosiphonate interiors.

The Hemiphragmoceratidae are probably descended from the Oncoceratidae and are known from the middle and upper Silurian but may range into the middle Devonian (Sweet 1964). They are similar with regards to their constricted and ornate apertures to the middle Silurian exogastric Trimeroceratidae and the Siluro-devonian discosorid Phragmoceratidae (Teichert 1964)

Some five genera have been described; Hemiphragmoceras, Contradoceras, Hexameroceras, Octamerella, and Tetrameraoceras.

References[edit]

  • Sweet, W. C. 1964; Nautiloidea-Oncocerida, in the Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology; Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press.
  • Flower, R. H. and Kummel B, 1950; A Classification of the Nautiloidea; Journal of Paleontology V24 n.5 Sept 1950
  • Teichert, C. 1964; Nautiloidea-Discosorida, in the Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology; Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press.