Hemp protein

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Dehulled hemp seeds (food) containing about 10g of hemp protein per 30g serving

Hemp protein is a plant derived protein from the cannabis plant and is isolated from hemp seeds (a type of nut).[1] The protein in hemp seeds is made up of the two highly digestible globular types of proteins, edestin (60–80%) and 2S albumin,[2] with edestin also being rich in the essential amino acids.[3][4]

Dehulled hemp seeds (also known as hemp nuts, hemp kernels or hemp hearts) have a PDCAAS score of 0.66 (the limiting amino acid being lysine, with a digestibility of 92.1%).[5] Observations of limiting enzymatic hydrolysis elicited by trypsin in a controlled environment have show an increase in hemp protein isolate (HSI) solubility at various pH and a notable decrease in the recorded emulsifying activity index.[6]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Callaway, J. C. (2004-01-01). "Hempseed as a nutritional resource: An overview". Euphytica. 140 (1): 65–72. doi:10.1007/s10681-004-4811-6. ISSN 1573-5060.
  2. ^ Galasso, Incoronata (2016), "Variability in Seed Traits in a Collection of Cannabis sativa L. Genotypes", Frontiers in Plant Science, 7: 688, doi:10.3389/fpls.2016.00688, PMC 4873519, PMID 27242881
  3. ^ Callaway, J.C. (2004). "Hempseed as a nutritional resource: An overview" (PDF). Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of Kuopio, Finland. 1: 65–72.
  4. ^ Docimo, Teresa (2014). "Molecular characterization of edestin gene family in Cannabis sativa L.". Plant Physiology and Biochemistry. 84: 142–148. doi:10.1016/j.plaphy.2014.09.011. PMID 25280223.
  5. ^ House, J (2010). "Evaluating the quality of protein from hemp seed (Cannabis sativa L.) products through the use of the protein digestibility-corrected amino acid score method" (PDF). J. Agric. Food Chem. 58 (22): 11801–7. doi:10.1021/jf102636b. PMID 20977230.
  6. ^ Yin, Shou-Wei; Tang, Chuan-He; Cao, Jin-Song; Hu, Er-Kun; Wen, Qi-Biao; Yang, Xiao-Quan (2008-02-01). "Effects of limited enzymatic hydrolysis with trypsin on the functional properties of hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) protein isolate". Food Chemistry. 106 (3): 1004–1013. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.07.030. ISSN 0308-8146.