|Full name||Hemchandra Ramachandra Adhikari|
31 July 1919|
Poona, Bombay Presidency, British India
|Died||25 October 2003
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
|Batting style||Right-handed batsman|
|Bowling style||Right-arm leg spin|
Source: ESPN Cricinfo
Colonel Hemchandra (Hemu) Ramachandra Adhikari pronunciation (help·info) (31 July 1919 – 25 October 2003) was an Indian cricketer, representing his country as both a player and coach in a career that spanned three decades.
Life and career
A talented right-handed batsman and occasional leg spin bowler, he made his [first-class cricket first-class] debut as a teenager before the outbreak of World War II in the 1936/37 domestic season. He immediately demonstrated his abilities on the local stage but due to the war, and his role in the Indian armed forces, his career was interrupted.
Adhikari made his Test debut as a 28-year-old in 1947 on India's tour of Australia and immediately established himself as an important member of the squad, although his continued official role in the army restricted his availability for the team.
Very good at playing spin bowling and courageous against fast bowling, Adhikari had some fine moments playing for India, including a national record 109-run last wicket partnership with Ghulam Ahmed in a Test against regional rivals Pakistan. He captained India in one Test as he neared his fortieth birthday, scoring 63 and 40 while batting and taking three important wickets in a drawn game against the West Indies.
Adhikari took to coaching after retiring from first-class cricket - with a very good batting average of 41.74 - and was in charge of the Indian team as they established themselves on the world stage. He helped guide India to their first series win in England in 1971 and was a major reason behind the development of such outstanding cricketers as Sunil Gavaskar, Kapil Dev and Ravi Shastri. Some felt his history with military helped him as a coach, with former national team spin bowler Bapu Nadkarni saying "Adhikari was a disciplined man. Being a military man, he would not bother about what anybody else thought."
After his death in October 2003, at age 84, tributes flooded in for the popular Indian, with Indian cricket writer Suresh Menon saying "Adhikari was not a big man yet he was a presence. He will be remembered for his role in Indian cricket's self-confidence movement that began with that series win in 1971."
- India (as player and coach)
- Adhikari's best Test batting score of 114 not out was made against West Indies, Delhi, 1948/49
- His best Test bowling figures of 3 for 68 came against West Indies, Delhi, 1958/59
- His Test captaincy record was: 1 match, 1 draw
- Adhikari's best first-class batting score was 230 not out
|Indian National Test Cricket Captain
1958/59 (1 Test Match)
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