Henan Mongol Autonomous County

Coordinates: 34°44′05″N 101°37′04″E / 34.7348°N 101.6177°E / 34.7348; 101.6177
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Henan County
Henan Mongol Autonomous County
河南蒙古族自治县 · ᠡᡁᠨᠠᠨ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠵᠧᠦ · རྨ་ལྷོ་སོག་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་རྫོང་།
Location of Henan County (red) in Huangnan Prefecture (yellow) and Qinghai
Location of Henan County (red) in Huangnan Prefecture (yellow) and Qinghai
Henan is located in Qinghai
Henan
Henan
Location of the seat in Qinghai
Coordinates (Henan County government): 34°44′05″N 101°37′04″E / 34.7348°N 101.6177°E / 34.7348; 101.6177
CountryChina
ProvinceQinghai
Autonomous prefectureHuangnan
County seatYêgainnyin Town
Area
 • Total6,250 km2 (2,410 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)[1]
 • Total40,864
 • Density5.16/km2 (13.4/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Websitewww.henanxian.gov.cn
Henan Mongol Autonomous County
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese河南蒙古族自治县
Traditional Chinese河南蒙古族自治縣
Tibetan name
Tibetanརྨ་ལྷོ་སོག་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་རྫོང་།
Mongolian name
Mongolian CyrillicХөнаний монгол өөртөө засах шянь
Mongolian scriptᠡᡁᠨᠠᠨ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠵᠧᠦ

Henan Mongol Autonomous County is an autonomous county in the south of Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in the province of Qinghai, China, bordering Gansu Province to the south and east. Its administrative seat ("capital") is the town of Yêgainnyin (Youganning). Henan has an area of 6,250 km2 (2,410 sq mi) and approximately 30,000 inhabitants (2004). The Mongols or Upper Mongols (Sogwo Arig), the overwhelming majority of the inhabitants of the county, do not speak Mongolian (with relatively few exceptions) and speak primarily Standard Chinese and Tibetan.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Henan County is made up of 2 towns and 4 townships:

Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Tibetan Wylie Mongolian (Hudum Script) Mongolian (Cyrillic) Administrative division code
Towns
Yêgainnyin Town 优干宁镇 Yōugànníng Zhèn གཡུ་སྒང་ཉིན་གྲོང་རྡལ། g.yu sgang nyin grong rdal ᠶᠧᠦ ᠭᠠᠨ ᠨᠢᠩ ᠪᠠᠯᠭᠠᠰᠤ Ево ган нин балгас 632324100
Nyimta Town 宁木特镇 Níngmùtè Zhèn ཉིན་མཐའ་གྲོང་བརྡལ། nyin mtha' grong brdal ᠨᠢᠮᠳᠠ ᠪᠠᠯᠭᠠᠰᠤ Нямд балгас 632324101
Townships
Dosum Township 多松乡 Duōsōng Xiāng མདོ་གསུམ་ཞང་། mdo gsum zhang ᠳᠣᠬᠰᠤᠮ ᠰᠤᠮᠤ Тогсм сум 632324201
Sêrlung Township 赛尔龙乡 Sài'ěrlóng Xiāng གསེར་ལུང་ཞང་། gser lung zhang ᠰᠠᠷᠯᠦᠩ ᠰᠤᠮᠤ Сарлан сум 632324202
Kosag Township 柯生乡 Kēshēng Xiāng ཁིས་སིན་ཞང་། khis sin zhang ᠬᠦᠢᠰᠦᠨ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠩ Хүйсэн шиян 632324203
Toyêma Township 托叶玛乡 Tuōyèmǎ Xiāng མཐོ་ཡུལ་མ་ཞང་། mtho yul ma zhang ᠲᠣᠶᠢᠮ᠎ᠠ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠩ Доём шиян 632324204

Ethnic groups in Henan, 2000 census[edit]

Nationality Population Percentage
Mongol 28,879 89.55%
Han 1,444 4.48%
Tibetan 863 2.68%
Hui 821 2.54%
Tu 144 0.45%
Salar 45 0.14%
Bai 19 0.06%
Bonan 13 0.04%
Dongxiang 11 0.03%
Yi 6 0.02%
Others 5 0.02%

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Henan Mongol Autonomous County (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.2
(54.0)
14.1
(57.4)
18.4
(65.1)
22.5
(72.5)
22.4
(72.3)
23.3
(73.9)
26.2
(79.2)
24.9
(76.8)
25.1
(77.2)
21.7
(71.1)
14.0
(57.2)
12.1
(53.8)
26.2
(79.2)
Average high °C (°F) −0.8
(30.6)
2.0
(35.6)
5.4
(41.7)
9.7
(49.5)
12.6
(54.7)
15.0
(59.0)
17.5
(63.5)
17.4
(63.3)
14.1
(57.4)
8.9
(48.0)
4.4
(39.9)
0.8
(33.4)
8.9
(48.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −12.4
(9.7)
−8.5
(16.7)
−3.5
(25.7)
1.7
(35.1)
5.3
(41.5)
8.7
(47.7)
10.7
(51.3)
10.2
(50.4)
6.8
(44.2)
0.9
(33.6)
−5.9
(21.4)
−11.2
(11.8)
0.2
(32.4)
Average low °C (°F) −21.7
(−7.1)
−17.4
(0.7)
−10.9
(12.4)
−5.0
(23.0)
−0.8
(30.6)
3.2
(37.8)
4.9
(40.8)
4.3
(39.7)
1.4
(34.5)
−4.7
(23.5)
−13.3
(8.1)
−20.2
(−4.4)
−6.7
(20.0)
Record low °C (°F) −37.2
(−35.0)
−33.4
(−28.1)
−29.0
(−20.2)
−19.2
(−2.6)
−11.9
(10.6)
−6.2
(20.8)
−4.0
(24.8)
−7.4
(18.7)
−9.9
(14.2)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−26.9
(−16.4)
−35.3
(−31.5)
−37.2
(−35.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 5.7
(0.22)
6.9
(0.27)
14.5
(0.57)
27.2
(1.07)
71.8
(2.83)
97.6
(3.84)
109.0
(4.29)
99.9
(3.93)
91.0
(3.58)
38.1
(1.50)
6.1
(0.24)
2.5
(0.10)
570.3
(22.44)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 4.7 5.8 9.2 11.3 17.2 18.9 17.9 16.7 17.0 13.5 4.0 2.7 138.9
Average snowy days 6.3 8.4 11.7 12.8 10.6 1.6 0.2 0.4 3.3 13.5 5.9 4.0 78.7
Average relative humidity (%) 53 52 54 59 66 71 74 75 76 70 60 53 64
Mean monthly sunshine hours 215.0 197.5 219.8 231.6 215.7 191.6 210.3 208.9 172.8 196.2 225.0 227.2 2,511.6
Percent possible sunshine 68 63 59 59 50 44 48 51 47 57 73 75 58
Source: China Meteorological Administration[2][3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "黄南州第七次全国人口普查公报(第二号)——县级常住人口情况" (in Chinese). Government of Huangnan Prefecture. 2021-07-01.
  2. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 27 August 2023.
  3. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 27 August 2023.