Boundaries of the city council ward, shown within Bristol.
|OS grid reference||ST564786|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Police||Avon and Somerset|
Henbury is a suburb of Bristol, England, approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) north west of the city centre. It was formerly a village in Gloucestershire and is now bordered by Westbury-on-Trym to the south; Brentry to the east and the Blaise Castle Estate, Blaise Hamlet and Lawrence Weston to the west. To the north lie the South Gloucestershire village of Hallen and the entertainment/retail park Cribbs Causeway.
The Hazel Brook (also known as the Hen), a tributary of the River Trym, flows through Henbury and crosses Henbury Road in a small ford near The Henbury Arms carvery restaurant. The ford is more than a foot deep relatively often and a small bridge exists as a main route for motor vehicles a few metres away.
Henbury is also the name of a council ward for Bristol City Council that includes both Henbury and Brentry.
Henbury Golf Club sits on the south border.
Henbury was first mentioned in 692 as Heanburg. The name is from the Old English hēan byrig, meaning 'high fortified place'. It was mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Henberie.
By a charter purported to date from the 690s Æthelred, king of Mercia, granted land at Henbury to Oftfor, bishop of Worcester, but the authenticity of the charter has been disputed. An 8th century charter grants land at "Heanburu" to the church at Worcester, but the reference may be to Hanbury in Worcestershire. There is more secure evidence that by the 790s Henbury was held by the Bishop of Worcester.
Henbury was historically a very large parish and the centre of a hundred of the same name. The parish extended to the River Severn and included King's Weston, Lawrence Weston, Hallen, Charlton, Pilning, Northwick and Aust. When the civil parish was created in 1866, parts of the ancient parish were separated to form the civil parishes of Redwick and Northwick (later Pilning and Severn Beach) and Aust. The parish of Compton Greenfield, including the village of Easter Compton, was added to the civil parish of Henbury in 1885.
In 1901, part of the civil parish was absorbed into Bristol, and further parts were absorbed into Bristol between then and 1933. In 1935, the civil parish was abolished, when the remaining parts were absorbed into the civil parishes of Pilning and Severn Beach, and Almondsbury.
Botany Bay is an old name for the area of Henbury centred on the modern Marmion Crescent believed to derive from the nineteenth-century name of a row of cottages. The Great House, Henbury was the home of the Astry family, and of the slave or manservant Scipio Africanus (see below). Nearby Henbury Court was built by Thomas Stock to replace the Great House. Henbury Court was demolished in the 1950s.
The parish Church of St Mary the Virgin dates from approximately 1096. The tower is from the early 13th century. The north chapel was built, and further restoration work undertaken by Thomas Rickman in 1836, with further restoration by G. E. Street in 1875–7. It is a grade II* listed building. The churchyard contains the grave of Scipio Africanus, the west African 18th-century manservant of Charles William Howard, 7th Earl of Suffolk, notable for its brightly painted gravestones.
Emmanuel Chapel Henbury is an independent evangelical church located on Satchfield Crescent.
St Antony's Church is a Catholic church which was built in the 1950s and is also located on Satchfield Crescent.
List of schools in Henbury, Bristol:
- Henbury Court Primary School
- Blaise Primary School
- Blaise High School
- Woodstock Special School
Henbury Village Hall is a Grade II listed building.
Henbury Leisure Centre is home to a 25-metre swimming pool, fitness suite, full-size all-weather pitch and a variety of fitness programmes and classes. It is located on the site of Henbury Secondary School.
The Henbury Lodge Hotel is operated by Best Western. The building itself is believed to have been built around 1600 as two cottages, before being combined into one dwelling in 1712.
Location and transportation links
Henbury is served by buses of First West of England, routes 1, 2, 4 and 76.
Henbury provides good access to major trunk roads such as the A4018, M4 and M5 motorways. It is located approximately two miles away from M5 junction 17 and five miles from the M4/M5 interchange. Bristol city centre is approximately five miles south east of Henbury.
Henbury station on the Henbury Loop railway between St Andrews Road and Filton Junction was opened in 1910 and closed in 1964. The station is scheduled to reopen in 2021 as part of MetroWest's Phase Two, with trains calling at Bristol Temple Meads railway station.
- ^ "Henbury" (PDF). 2011 Census Ward Information Sheet. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- ^ Ward map
- ^ Mills, A.D. and Room, A. A Dictionary of British Place-Names Oxford University Press
- ^ Orme, Nicholas; Cannon, Jon (2010). Westbury-on-Trym: Monastery, Minster and College (PDF). Bristol Record Society. p. 5. ISBN 978 0 901538 31 4. Retrieved 23 January 2021.
- ^ Extract from National Gazetteer, 1868
- ^ "Pilning and Severn Beach Tg/CP through time | Census tables with data for the Parish-level Unit". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
- ^ "History of Aust in South Gloucestershire | Map and description". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
- ^ "History of Henbury in South Gloucestershire | Map and description". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
- ^ "Countryside Walk: Cribbs Causeway – Easter Compton – Spaniorum – Botany Bay" (PDF). Bristol City Council. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
- ^ Davis, Bertram R (1962). "The Henbury Epitaphs". www.gertlushonline.co.uk. Archived from the original on 7 August 2008. Retrieved 18 January 2009.
- ^ "Church of St Mary the Virgin". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 19 February 2007.
- ^ "Subterranea Britannica: SB-Sites: North Filton Platform". www.subbrit.org.uk. Retrieved 18 January 2009.