Location of Henderson
within Sibley County, Minnesota
|• Mayor||Paul Menne|
|• Total||1.10 sq mi (2.86 km2)|
|• Land||1.07 sq mi (2.78 km2)|
|• Water||0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)|
|Elevation||755 ft (230 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||852.61/sq mi (329.20/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST)|
|GNIS feature ID||0644862|
By 1855, Henderson had become a fast-growing city. It harbored more than 60 buildings, including a hotel, a warehouse, a steam sawmill, as well as Brown's house which functioned as a boarding house, a store and a residence for the Brown family.
In the following years, Henderson quickly became a major distribution center for the inland settlements surrounding the Minnesota River Valley.
By the mid-1860s, Henderson had two major brickyards, The Mattei and Schwartz Brickyard, who both contributed heavily to the early 1900s brick-style buildings still present in Henderson today.[when?]
The seat for Sibley County was originally established in Henderson, and an imposing courthouse was erected, being put into service in 1879. However, pressure from residents of Gaylord, from as far back as 1887, to gain the county seat precipitated a county-wide vote in 1915. That vote resulted in Gaylord gaining the seat; this caused around 200 residents to leave Henderson, a major decline in the city's population. Throughout the 50 years after this population loss, Henderson's economy became increasingly more centered on agriculture. Its success in transitioning to agriculture brought rise to the present Sauerkraut Days celebration. The former courthouse, now designated 'Henderson Community Building', houses Henderson City offices.
|US Decennial Census|
As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $43,125, and the median income for a family was $49,091. Males had a median income of $31,736 versus $25,688 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,544. About 4.7% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.7% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 886 people, 377 households, and 236 families residing in the city. The population density was 835.8 inhabitants per square mile (322.7/km2). There were 405 housing units at an average density of 382.1 per square mile (147.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.5% White, 0.2% Asian, 1.4% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.5% of the population.
There were 377 households of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.4% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.95.
The median age in the city was 39.5 years. 23.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.1% were from 25 to 44; 27.1% were from 45 to 64; and 15.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.
Henderson hosts Sauerkraut Days, a three-day event that takes place during the last full weekend of June. Events include a Kraut Car Cruise, 5K Kraut Run, tractor ride, kiddie parade, grand parade, Minnesota State Arm Wrestling Championships, car show, Miss Henderson Coronation, Sauerkraut Idol, and the World Champion Sauerkraut Eating Contest.
In 2006, Sam Delzer of Henderson devoured 2 pounds of kraut in 1 minute 37 seconds in front of over 400 spectators during Henderson's Sauerkraut Days. Delzer repeated as champion in 2007 with a time of 1:47. Brian Schneedwind was the Kraut King in 2008. He finished his two pounds of kraut in one minute flat. Schneedwind was also the 2005 champion.
- Joseph R. Brown – Minnesota and Wisconsin Territorial legislator
- Jerry Dempsey – Minnesota State Legislator (1993-2006)
- Terry Dempsey – Minnesota State Legislator (1978–1992); State District Court judge (1992–2002)
- Ray Oldenburg – Urban sociologist
- "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jan 3, 2019.
- "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 13 November 2012.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". US Geological Survey. 25 October 2007. Retrieved 31 January 2008.
- "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
- Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 519.
- "Heritage Preservation Commission". henderson-mn.com. Retrieved December 7, 2016.
- "Henderson Sauerkraut Days June 24, 25, 26 2016". hendersonmn.com. Retrieved December 7, 2016.
-  Visitors Page Henderson website (accessed 6 December 2018)
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved 13 November 2012.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "about the kraut". hendersonmn.com. Retrieved December 7, 2016.