Henderson Building

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Henderson Building, Southwestern State Hospital
Henderson Building.JPG
Henderson Building, Southwestern Virginia Mental Health Institute, January 2014.
Henderson Building is located in Virginia
Henderson Building
Henderson Building is located in the US
Henderson Building
Location E. Main St., Marion, Virginia
Coordinates 36°50′0″N 81°30′43″W / 36.83333°N 81.51194°W / 36.83333; -81.51194Coordinates: 36°50′0″N 81°30′43″W / 36.83333°N 81.51194°W / 36.83333; -81.51194
Area less than one acre
Built 1887 (1887), 1930-1931
Architect MacDonald Bros.; Lewman & Sweeney
Architectural style Classical Revival, Late Victorian
NRHP reference # 89001919[1]
VLR # 119-0004
Significant dates
Added to NRHP December 21, 1990
Designated VLR February 21, 1989[2]

Henderson Building is a historic administration building located on the campus of Southwestern Virginia Mental Health Institute at Marion, Smyth County, Virginia. It was built in 1887 in the Victorian style and remodeled in 1930-1931, in the Classical Revival style. When built, it was a four-story, brick building with a 118-foot clock tower. With the 1930-1931 remodeling, The tower was removed and replaced with an octagonal rotunda and the building reduced to three stories. A two-story front portico was also added. In accordance with the Kirkbride Plan, the building was once connected to three radiating three story ward wings. The wings were replaced in the 1980s.[3]

It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1990.[1]


  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  3. ^ John Salmon and Julie Vosmik (February 1989). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Henderson Building" (PDF). Virginia Department of Historic Resources.  and Accompanying photo