Henderson County, Tennessee

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Henderson County
Henderson County Courthouse in Lexington
Henderson County Courthouse in Lexington
Official seal of Henderson County
Map of Tennessee highlighting Henderson County
Location within the U.S. state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 35°39′N 88°23′W / 35.65°N 88.39°W / 35.65; -88.39
Country United States
State Tennessee
Founded1821
Named forJames Henderson
SeatLexington
Largest cityLexington
Area
 • Total526 sq mi (1,360 km2)
 • Land520 sq mi (1,300 km2)
 • Water5.8 sq mi (15 km2)  1.1%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total27,842 Increase
 • Density53/sq mi (20/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district7th
Websitehendersoncountytn.gov

Henderson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2020 census, the population was 27,842.[1] Its county seat is Lexington.[2] The county was founded in 1821 and named for James Henderson, a soldier in the War of 1812.[3]

History[edit]

Henderson County was established in 1821; it was named for Lt. Colonel James Henderson,[4] Jr. (1775-1814), of the Tennessee State Militia, who was killed in late December 1814 below New Orleans during a clash with the British Army. Henderson is said to have served in earlier conflicts such as the Creek Indian war, which took place during the same overall time period as the War of 1812.

After the Battle of New Orleans, Major General William Carroll's Tennessee brigade, which was the largest single force under General Andrew Jackson's command in Louisiana, established their outgoing camp upriver from New Orleans and named it Camp Henderson.

General Carroll's first term as Governor of Tennessee began the same year that Henderson County was established.

The county seat, Lexington, was laid out in 1822.[3] Like many Tennessee counties, Henderson was divided during the Civil War. Confederate sentiment was strongest in the western half of the county (where most of the county's plantations were located), while Union support was strongest in the hilly eastern half.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 526 square miles (1,360 km2), of which 520 square miles (1,300 km2) is land and 5.8 square miles (15 km2) (1.1%) is water.[5]

The county straddles the Tennessee Valley Divide, with waters east of the divide flowing into the Tennessee River, and waters west of the divide flowing into the Mississippi River. Primary streams include the Beech River, which flows through the county's largest lake Beech Lake, and the Forked Deer River.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

State protected areas[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

Lexington, TN
Climate chart (explanation)
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: Applied Climate Information System[6]

The climate in Henderson County is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. In summer, these regions are largely under the influence of moist, maritime airflow from the western side of the subtropical anticyclonic cells over low-latitude ocean waters. Temperatures are high and can lead to warm, oppressive nights. Summers are usually a bit drier than winters, with much of the rainfall coming from convectional thunderstorm activity; tropical cyclones may also enhance warm-season rainfall. The coldest month is usually quite mild, although freezes are not uncommon, and winter precipitation is derived primarily from frontal cyclones along the polar front.

The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfa". (Humid Subtropical Climate).[7]

Major Highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18308,748
184011,87535.7%
185013,16410.9%
186014,49110.1%
187014,217−1.9%
188017,43022.6%
189016,336−6.3%
190018,11710.9%
191017,030−6.0%
192018,4368.3%
193017,655−4.2%
194019,2208.9%
195017,173−10.7%
196016,115−6.2%
197017,2917.3%
198021,39023.7%
199021,8442.1%
200025,52216.8%
201027,7698.8%
202027,8420.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2014[1]
Age pyramid Henderson County[12]

2020 census[edit]

Henderson County racial composition[13]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 23,890 85.81%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 1,931 6.94%
Native American 53 0.19%
Asian 90 0.32%
Pacific Islander 2 0.01%
Other/Mixed 1,157 4.16%
Hispanic or Latino 719 2.58%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 27,842 people, 10,711 households, and 7,113 families residing in the county.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 25,522 people, 10,306 households, and 7,451 families residing in the county. The population density was 49 people per square mile (19/km2). There were 11,446 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile (8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 90.45% White, 8.00% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. 0.97% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 10,306 households, out of which 32.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.90% were married couples living together, 11.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.70% were non-families. 24.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.30% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 92.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,057, and the median income for a family was $38,475. Males had a median income of $28,598 versus $21,791 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,019. About 9.20% of families and 12.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.60% of those under age 18 and 14.50% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

The Beech River Regional Airport is a public-use airport located five nautical miles northwest (5.8 mi, 9.3 km) northwest of the central business district of Parsons, a city in Decatur County. The airport is located in Darden, Tennessee.

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Town[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Politics[edit]

Henderson County is overwhelmingly Republican, and, even before the rapid trend of the upland South away from the Democratic Party, was a Unionist Republican enclave in historically Democratic West Tennessee. This is due to the shallow, humus-poor and easily erodible Highland Rim soils, which were much less suitable for plantation farming than the rest of Middle and West Tennessee.[15] Henderson County has not voted for a Democratic candidate since Samuel Tilden in the 1876 election, and the last time it didn't vote Republican was in 1912, when the county supported Progressive candidate Theodore Roosevelt; Henderson County was the only county in the state outside of East Tennessee for vote for Roosevelt in that election.

United States presidential election results for Henderson County, Tennessee[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 9,797 81.51% 2,092 17.40% 131 1.09%
2016 8,138 79.65% 1,800 17.62% 279 2.73%
2012 7,421 73.80% 2,517 25.03% 117 1.16%
2008 7,669 70.79% 3,021 27.88% 144 1.33%
2004 6,585 65.22% 3,448 34.15% 63 0.62%
2000 5,153 61.35% 3,166 37.69% 80 0.95%
1996 4,002 54.96% 2,841 39.01% 439 6.03%
1992 4,719 52.29% 3,502 38.81% 803 8.90%
1988 5,418 69.29% 2,296 29.36% 105 1.34%
1984 5,362 68.56% 2,426 31.02% 33 0.42%
1980 5,108 64.45% 2,702 34.09% 116 1.46%
1976 4,152 54.73% 3,366 44.37% 68 0.90%
1972 5,122 77.64% 1,313 19.90% 162 2.46%
1968 3,591 51.99% 1,230 17.81% 2,086 30.20%
1964 3,133 61.58% 1,955 38.42% 0 0.00%
1960 3,597 70.14% 1,490 29.06% 41 0.80%
1956 3,294 66.91% 1,613 32.76% 16 0.33%
1952 3,317 67.45% 1,601 32.55% 0 0.00%
1948 2,278 62.53% 1,155 31.70% 210 5.76%
1944 2,570 71.81% 1,009 28.19% 0 0.00%
1940 2,653 62.84% 1,560 36.95% 9 0.21%
1936 1,380 50.13% 1,307 47.48% 66 2.40%
1932 1,058 52.14% 958 47.22% 13 0.64%
1928 1,995 73.37% 712 26.19% 12 0.44%
1924 1,616 60.37% 1,009 37.69% 52 1.94%
1920 3,112 71.61% 1,217 28.00% 17 0.39%
1916 1,387 57.72% 979 40.74% 37 1.54%
1912 473 21.73% 738 33.90% 966 44.37%


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved December 2, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d W.C. Crooks, "Henderson County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 17 October 2013.
  4. ^ Regimental Histories of Tennessee Units During the War of 1812; refer to 1st infantry regiment under Col. William Metcalf. Accessed 08 February 2017.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
  6. ^ "Monthly Climate Normals for Lexington, Tennessee". Applied Climate Information System. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  7. ^ "Lexington, Tennessee Climate Classification". Weatherbase. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
  12. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  13. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 8, 2021.
  14. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  15. ^ Wright, John K.; ‘Voting Habits in the United States: A Note on Two Maps’; Geographical Review, vol. 22, no. 4 (October 1932), pp. 666-672
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 10, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°39′N 88°23′W / 35.65°N 88.39°W / 35.65; -88.39