Hendersonville, North Carolina

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Hendersonville, North Carolina
City
Main Street Hendersonville.jpg
Nickname(s): "City of Four Seasons"
"Hendo"
Location of Hendersonville, North Carolina
Location of Hendersonville, North Carolina
Coordinates: 35°19′14″N 82°27′42″W / 35.32056°N 82.46167°W / 35.32056; -82.46167Coordinates: 35°19′14″N 82°27′42″W / 35.32056°N 82.46167°W / 35.32056; -82.46167
Country United States
State North Carolina
County Henderson
Area
 • Total 6.97 sq mi (18.05 km2)
 • Land 6.94 sq mi (17.97 km2)
 • Water 0.03 sq mi (0.07 km2)
Elevation 2,152 ft (656 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 13,137
 • Estimate (2016)[1] 13,840
 • Density 1,994/sq mi (770.0/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes 28700-28799
Area code(s) 828
FIPS code 37-30720[2]
GNIS feature ID 0986616[3]
Website www.cityofhendersonville.org

Hendersonville is a city in Henderson County, North Carolina, United States. It is 22 miles (35 km) south of Asheville and is the county seat of Henderson County.[4] Like the county, the city is named for 19th-century North Carolina Supreme Court Chief Justice Leonard Henderson.[5]

The population was 13,137 at the 2010 census[6] and was estimated in 2016 to be 13,840.[1]

Introduction[edit]

Judge Mitchell King owned 1,000 acres (4.0 km2), of which he donated 50 acres for the establishment of the town of Hendersonville. His slaves laid out its 100-foot-wide (30 m) Main Street.[7]

Chartered in 1847 as the county seat of Henderson County (formed 1838), Hendersonville is traditionally known as "The City of Four Seasons". The town has a well-preserved Main Street and adjoining downtown areas with many restaurants, antique shops and boutiques in buildings that housed key local business until the mid-1980s. Its architecture reflects the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Much downtown revitalization has occurred since the early 1990s. Larger stores are almost entirely along the commercial strips extending outward from the downtown along U.S. Highway 64 east and U.S. Highways 176 and 25. There are historic neighborhoods outside the Main Street corridor, including the 5th Avenue neighborhood on the city's west side and the Druid Hills neighborhood north of downtown. Depressed areas are found along the city's east side, but redevelopment efforts are underway in the historic commercial district along 7th Avenue East.

The architectural focus of the downtown area is the historic Henderson County Courthouse, completed in 1905 and completely renovated in 2008. The city is also home to the newly restored City Hall (erected 1924) and the modern Henderson County Courthouse (1995).

The largest street festival of the Hendersonville calendar is the annual North Carolina Apple Festival, culminating in the Apple Parade that regularly draws up to 50,000 spectators. Main Street is home to other festivals and special activities throughout the year.

High schools in the city and surrounding area include Hendersonville High School, West Henderson High School, North Henderson High School, and East Henderson High School.

Geography[edit]

Hendersonville is located at the center of Henderson County, in the southern mountains of western North Carolina near the Eastern Escarpment. 35°19′14″N 82°27′42″W / 35.32056°N 82.46167°W / 35.32056; -82.46167 (35.320586, -82.461596).[8]

Interstate 26 runs through the east side of the city, with access from Exit 49. U.S. Routes 25 and 74 run concurrently with I-26. The highway leads north 22 miles (35 km) to Asheville and southeast 46 miles (74 km) to Spartanburg, South Carolina. U.S. Route 25 Business passes through the center of Hendersonville on King Street northbound and Church Street southbound. U.S. Route 64 (6th Avenue) also passes through the center of Hendersonville, leading northeast 14 miles (23 km) to Bat Cave and west 20 miles (32 km) to Brevard. U.S. Route 176 (Spartanburg Highway) leads southeast 10 miles (16 km) to Saluda.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Hendersonville has a total area of 6.9 square miles (18.0 km2), of which 0.03 square miles (0.07 km2), or 0.40%, are water.[6] Mud Creek, a north-flowing tributary of the French Broad River and part of the Tennessee River watershed, is the watercourse through the city, passing east of downtown.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18601,740
1870278−84.0%
188055499.3%
18901,216119.5%
19001,91757.6%
19102,81847.0%
19203,72932.3%
19305,07036.0%
19405,3816.1%
19506,10313.4%
19605,911−3.1%
19706,4439.0%
19806,8626.5%
19907,2846.1%
200010,42043.1%
201013,13726.1%
Est. 201613,840[1]5.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 13,137 people across 5,920 households in the city. The population density was 2,189.5 people per square mile (853.0/km²). There were 5,181 housing units at an average density of 870.0 per square mile (335.6/km²). The racial composition of the city was 81.44% White, 12.54% Black or African American, 9.09% Hispanic or Latino American, 0.73% Asian American, 0.28% Native American, 0.01% Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, 3.48% some other race, and 1.52% two or more races.

In 1900, 1,967 persons lived in Hendersonville; in 1910, 2818; and in 1940, 5381 people lived here. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 13,137, up five-fold in one century.[10]

There were 4,579 households out of which 20.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.6% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.2% were non-families. 40.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the city, the population was spread out with 28.9% under the age of 18, 17.5% from 18 to 24, 22.8% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 23.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,357, and the median income for a family was $39,111. Males had a median income of $30,458 versus $22,770 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,926. About 13.3% of families and 16.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.5% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.

Museums and historical sites[edit]

The Mineral and Lapidary Museum of Henderson County, located at 400 North Main Street in downtown Hendersonville, has giant geodes, a Tyrannosaurus skull, beautiful minerals, and dinosaur eggs on display. The same building is home to the Henderson County Genealogical and Historical Society. Entry to both parts of the ornate building is free.

Down the road at 318 North Main Street is Hands On!, a children's museum of "educational exhibits that stimulate the imagination and motivate learning in a fun, safe, 'hands-on' environment." Admission is $5 per child or adult.

The Henderson County Heritage Museum, in the 1905 county courthouse at One Historic Courthouse Square, features a gallery of regional Carolina history. It sits in the heart of the Main Street Historic District. Admission is free.

To the east of Main Street is the 1902-16 Hendersonville Rail Road Station, at 7th Avenue and Maple Street in the Seventh Avenue Depot District. The Southern Railway opened the line in 1879. Passenger rail service on the line ended in 1968.

To the west of Main Street along U.S. Route 64 is Oakdale Cemetery. It includes the Italian marble angel statue that served as the inspiration for Thomas Wolfe's first novel, Look Homeward, Angel (1929).

North of Main Street is the Historic Johnson Farm at 3346 Haywood Road. The 1878 tobacco farm served as a summer retreat for tourists as early as the 1920s. Admission is free, while guided tours are $2 and $3.

The Western North Carolina Air Museum, featuring airplanes of a bygone era, is near the small Hendersonville Airport at the corner of Gilbert Street and Brooklyn Avenue between Hendersonville and East Flat Rock. Admission is free.

5 miles (8 km) west of downtown Hendersonville in the town of Laurel Park is Jump Off Rock atop Jump Off Mountain. This popular scenic overlook provides a panorama of the Pisgah and Blue Ridge mountains. Laurel Park town park; free admission during daylight hours.

For additional sites, see the National Register of Historic Places listings in Henderson County, North Carolina. In addition to the Henderson County Courthouse, Historic Johnson Farm, Main Street Historic District, Oakdale Cemetery, and Seventh Avenue Depot District, the Aloah Hotel, The Cedars, Chewning House, Clarke-Hobbs-Davidson House, Cold Spring Park Historic District, Mary Mills Coxe House, Druid Hills Historic District, Grey Hosiery Mill, Hyman Heights-Mount Royal Historic District, Kanuga Lake Historic District, King-Waldrop House, Lenox Park Historic District, Reese House, Clough H. Rice House, Smith-Williams-Durham Boarding House, Erle Stillwell House, Erle Stillwell House II, The Waverly, and West Side Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[11][12][13]

Hendersonville Little Theatre (HLT) was established in 1966. It moved from its original location to a unique red barn on State Street. After many successful years at the theatre in the barn, HLT moved to an old stone church at 220 S. Washington Street in downtown Hendersonville in 2012.

Companies[edit]

Clothing retailer Bon Worth was founded in Hendersonville in 1976.

Sierra Nevada opened up a brewery in 2014.[14]

Media[edit]

The metro area has several TV broadcasting stations that serve the Greenville-Spartanburg-Asheville Designated Market Area (DMA) as defined by Nielsen Media Research.

The station nearest to Hendersonville is the Asheville-based WLOS (ABC), television channel 13. Other major TV broadcasters include channel 4 (WYFF - NBC), channel 7 (WSPA - CBS), channel 21 (WHNS - Fox), and channel 33 (WUNF - PBS). For radio, WMYI 102.5, the only radio station actually from Hendersonville, plays a music mix from the 1990s to today. Additionally, most Asheville and some Greenville/Spartanburg stations come in with a local sound quality.

Hendersonville's daily newspaper is the Times-News.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 154.
  6. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Hendersonville city, North Carolina". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved December 15, 2017.
  7. ^ Neufeld, Rob (September 24, 2017). "Visiting Our Past: A party at Susan's - a Flat Rock Story from 1836". Asheville Citizen-Times. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  11. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  12. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 12/27/11 through 12/30/11. National Park Service. 2012-01-06.
  13. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 2/03/14 through 2/07/14. National Park Service. 2014-02-14.
  14. ^ "Beer Leader Sierra Nevada to Build $107.5 Million Brewery in Henderson County; 95 New Jobs Expected". www.hendersonville.com. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  15. ^ Oliver, Greg. "Benny McGuire dead at 54". canoe.ca. Retrieved 2008-09-25.

External links[edit]