Hendon (UK Parliament constituency)

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Hendon
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Hendon in Greater London for the 2010 general election.
County Greater London
Electorate 74,329 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1997
Member of parliament Matthew Offord (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Hendon North and parts of Hendon South
19181945
Number of members One
Replaced by Harrow East, Harrow West, Hendon North, Hendon South and Wembley North
Created from Harrow
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency London

Hendon /ˈhɛndən/ is a constituency created in 1997 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Matthew Offord of the Conservative Party.[n 1] An earlier version of the seat existed between 1918-45.[n 2]

History[edit]

First creation[edit]

The first incarnation of the constituency was created for the 1918 general election. By 1941 the estimated electorate was the largest at 217,900.[2] For the 1945 general election the areas of the constituency were thus divided between North and South new entities and contributions to other new seats, including the principal part of Harrow East. The 1918-1945 was a period of near-full adult franchise and saw the most significant adult population increase nationally within the constituency, this coincided with a period of major residential building locally.

Second creation[edit]

In the boundary change legislation passed to implement the Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies for the 1997 general election the London Borough of Barnet's parliamentary representation was reduced from four seats to three and the Hendon North constituency was combined with a northern part of the Hendon South constituency, creating the present Hendon constituency. A south-eastern swathe of former Hendon South was placed into Finchley and Golders Green. Within 10% of the average electorate, the seat avoided malapportionment that would otherwise exist by way of two undersized constituencies.

Immediate notional history

Including the period of division of the present area (1945—97) the various general elections were won by Conservatives except for the victory of Barbara Ayrton-Gould (Labour), in Hendon North (1945–50).

The last Liberal or Liberal Democrat to serve the area of either Hendon seat was in 1910. Neither independent candidates nor those of any other political party than the three main parties mentioned have won the seat or its predecessors.

Summary of results since 1997

On the restoration of a seat named Hendon, Andrew Dismore seized the seat during a landslide win for the Labour Party. Since its 1997 formation Hendon has been a national bellwether constituency. The 2010 winner's majority was 106 votes. The 2015 result gave the seat the 37th most marginal majority of the Conservative Party's 331 seats by percentage of majority.[3]

Boundaries[edit]

Hendon in Middlesex 1918-45

1918–45: The Urban Districts of Hendon and Kingsbury, and the Rural District of Hendon.

1997–present: The London Borough of Barnet wards of Burnt Oak, Colindale, Edgware, Hale, Hendon, Mill Hill, and West Hendon.

1918-45[edit]

No national reviews took place between the Representation of the People Act 1918 which enfranchised this constituency and the next such Act in 1945. Later national reviews took place by the newly established Boundary Commissions for the four countries of United Kingdom for the elections of 1950, 1974, 1983, 1997 and 2010. As can be seen from the map, during the early period the seat spanned the area made up of the present seat and primarily the two neighbours to east and west, Chipping Barnet and Harrow East.

2010 review[edit]

Under the Fifth Review of Westminster Constituencies, looking at the population subset North London, and as a consequence of abolishing ward-sharing, Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's recommendation that the shared part of Underhill be transferred to the constituency of Chipping Barnet, parts of the wards Golders Green and Finchley Church End be transferred to Finchley and Golders Green and that shared parts of Mill Hill ward be received from the named seats (to the north-east and south-east).

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[4] Party
1918 Philip Cunliffe-Lister Conservative
1935 Reginald Blair Conservative
1945 constituency abolished: see Hendon North and Hendon South
1997 constituency recreated
1997 Andrew Dismore Labour
2010 Matthew Offord Conservative

Election results[edit]

Elections 1997-2017[edit]

General Election 2017: Hendon[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Matthew Offord 25,078 48.0 −1.0
Labour Mike Katz 24,006 46.0 +4.5
Liberal Democrat Alasdair Hill 1,985 3.8 +1.6
Green Carmen Legarda 578 1.1 −0.9
UKIP Sabriye Warsame 568 1.1 −4.1
Majority 1,072 2.0 −5.4
Turnout 52,185 68.5 +5.2
Conservative hold Swing −2.7
General Election 2015: Hendon[6][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Matthew Offord 24,328 49.0 +6.7
Labour Andrew Dismore 20,604 41.5 −0.6
UKIP Raymond Shamash[8] 2,595 5.2 +3.2
Liberal Democrat Alasdair Hill 1,088 2.2 −10.2
Green Ben Samuel 1,015 2.0 +0.9
Majority 3,724 7.5 +7.3
Turnout 49,630 65.9 +7.1
Conservative hold Swing +3.6
General Election 2010: Hendon[9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Matthew Offord 19,635 42.3 +5.2
Labour Andrew Dismore 19,529 42.1 −3.0
Liberal Democrat Matthew Harris 5,734 12.4 −1.7
UKIP Robin Lambert 958 2.1 +0.5
Green Andrew Newby 518 1.1 −0.7
Majority 106 0.2 N/A
Turnout 46,374 58.8 +0.5
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +4.1
General Election 2005: Hendon[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Andrew Dismore 18,596 44.4 −8.1
Conservative Richard Evans 15,897 38.0 +3.7
Liberal Democrat Nahid Boethe 5,831 13.9 +2.3
Green David G. Williams 754 1.8 +1.8
UKIP Melvyn Smallman 637 1.5 +0.5
Rainbow Dream Ticket George Weiss 68 0.2 +0.2
Progressive Democratic Party Michael Stewart 56 0.1 −0.2
Majority 2,699 6.5 -11.7
Turnout 41,839 58.3 +6.1
Labour hold Swing −6.5
General Election 2001: Hendon[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Andrew Dismore 21,432 52.5 +3.1
Conservative Richard Evans 14,015 34.3 −2.7
Liberal Democrat Wayne Casey 4,724 11.6 +0.7
UKIP Craig Crosbie 409 1.0 +0.5
Workers Revolutionary Stella Taylor 164 0.4 +0.1
Progressive Democratic Party Michael Stewart 107 0.3 N/A
Majority 7,417 18.2 +5.9
Turnout 40,851 52.2 −13.4
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1997: Hendon[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Andrew Dismore 24,683 49.3 N/A
Conservative John Gorst 18,528 37.0 N/A
Liberal Democrat Wayne Casey 5,427 10.8 N/A
Referendum Stanley Rabbow 978 2.0 N/A
UKIP B.P. Wright 267 0.5 N/A
Workers Revolutionary Stella Taylor 153 0.3 N/A
Majority 6,155 12.3 N/A
Turnout 50,036 65.7 N/A
Labour win (new seat)

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Hendon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Reginald Blair 69,762 65.78 +15.47
Labour Amber Blanco White 28,375 26.75 +8.0
Liberal Basil Goldstone 7,920 7.47 N/A
Majority 41,387 39.02 -23.47
Turnout 106,057 64.35 -7.38
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Hendon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Philip Cunliffe-Lister 66,305 81.25 +28.95
Labour Amber Blanco White 15,305 18.75 -6.75
Majority 51,000 62.49 +35.69
Turnout 81,610 71.73 -0.27
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

Corbett Ashby
General election 1929: Hendon[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Philip Cunliffe-Lister 31,758 52.3 -11.5
Labour Robert Lyons 15,434 25.5 +8.0
Liberal Margery Corbett Ashby 13,449 22.2 +3.5
Majority 16,324 26.8 -18.3
Turnout 60,641 72.0 -2.9
Registered electors 84,212
Unionist hold Swing -9.8
General Election 1924: Hendon [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Philip Lloyd-Graeme 19,183 63.8 +11.9
Liberal A.J. Blue 5,618 18.7 -9.9
Labour J. Allen Skinner 5,267 17.5 -2.0
Majority 13,565 45.1 +21.8
Turnout 30,068 74.9 +7.6
Registered electors 40,163
Unionist hold Swing +10.9
General Election 1923: Hendon [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Philip Lloyd-Graeme 13,278 51.9 -10.9
Liberal J. M. Robertson 7,324 28.6 +8.2
Labour Charles Latham 5,005 19.5 +2.7
Majority 5,954 23.3 -19.1
Turnout 25,607 67.3 -8.5
Registered electors 38,065
Unionist hold Swing -9.6
General Election 1922: Hendon [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Philip Lloyd-Graeme 17,402 62.8 -10.6
Liberal Douglas Young 5,650 20.4 N/A
Labour Charles Latham 4,669 16.8 +0.7
Majority 11,752 42.4 -14.9
Turnout 27,721 75.8 +16.4
Registered electors 36,558
Unionist hold Swing -5.7

Election in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Hendon [14][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist Philip Lloyd-Graeme 14,431 73.4 N/A
Labour Frank Bailey 3,159 16.1 N/A
Women's Parliamentary League Edith How-Martyn 2,067 10.5 N/A
Majority 11,272 57.3 N/A
Turnout 19,657 59.4 N/A
Registered electors 33,117
Unionist win (new seat)
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, Hendon (created 1997) elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years. The first incarnation of Hendon was among the vast majority after 1918 which elected one MP.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ The Guinness Book Of Records 1980
  3. ^ List of Conservative MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  4. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 2)
  5. ^ "Hendon parliamentary constituency". BBC News. 
  6. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-11-20. Retrieved 2015-08-21.  9Jul15
  8. ^ "Controversial UKIP candidate to challenge Hendon seat". 
  9. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  10. ^ http://www.barnet.gov.uk/hendon-constituency-candidates2010.pdf
  11. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  12. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  14. ^ a b c d e British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  15. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench
  • Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1945. 1945.