Hendon (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Hendon in Greater London for the 2010 general election
|Electorate||74,329 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Hendon, Colindale, Burnt Oak, Mill Hill, Edgware|
|Member of Parliament||Matthew Offord (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Hendon North and parts of Hendon South|
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Harrow East, Harrow West, Hendon North, Hendon South and Wembley North|
Hendon // is a constituency in London. It was created in 1997 and has been represented since 2010 by Matthew Offord of the Conservative Party.[n 1] An earlier version of the seat existed between 1918-45.[n 2]
The first incarnation of the constituency was created for the 1918 general election. By 1941, the estimated electorate reached 217,900. For the 1945 general election, the areas of the constituency were thus divided between North and South new entities and contributions to other new seats, including the principal part of Harrow East. The 1918-1945 was a period of near-full adult franchise and saw the most significant adult population increase nationally within the constituency, this coincided with a period of major residential building locally.
In the boundary change legislation passed to implement the Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies for the 1997 general election, the London Borough of Barnet's parliamentary representation was reduced from four seats to three and the Hendon North constituency was combined with a northern part of the Hendon South constituency, creating the present Hendon constituency. A south-eastern swathe of former Hendon South was placed into Finchley and Golders Green. Within 10% of the average electorate, the seat avoided malapportionment that would otherwise exist by way of two undersized constituencies.
Including the period of division of the present area (1945—97) the various general elections up to 1997 were won by Conservatives, except for the 1945 victory of Barbara Ayrton-Gould (Labour), in Hendon North (1945–50). The last Liberal or Liberal Democrat to serve the area of either Hendon seat was in 1910. Only these three parties have won the seat or its predecessors.
The constituency has been a Conservative-Labour bellwether since 1997. Andrew Dismore won the seat in 1997 as part of a nationwide landslide victory for the Labour Party. Matthew Offord won the seat for the Conservatives in 2010 by only 106 votes. The 2015 result gave the seat the 37th most marginal majority of the Conservative Party's 331 seats by percentage of majority.
The constituency includes the most deprived areas of the generally affluent London Borough of Barnet - Colindale, West Hendon and Burnt Oak. It is more ethnically diverse than the other Barnet constituencies and has a large Jewish population.
1918–1945: The Urban Districts of Hendon and Kingsbury, and the Rural District of Hendon.
1997–present: The London Borough of Barnet wards of Burnt Oak, Colindale, Edgware, Hale, Hendon, Mill Hill, and West Hendon.
No national reviews took place between the Representation of the People Act 1918 which enfranchised this constituency and the next such Act in 1945. Later national reviews took place by the newly established Boundary Commissions for the four countries of United Kingdom for the elections of 1950, 1974, 1983, 1997 and 2010. As can be seen from the map, during the early period the seat spanned the area made up of the present seat and primarily the two neighbours to east and west, Chipping Barnet and Harrow East.
Under the Fifth Review of Westminster Constituencies, looking at the population subset North London, and as a consequence of abolishing ward-sharing, Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's recommendation that the shared part of Underhill be transferred to the constituency of Chipping Barnet, parts of the wards Golders Green and Finchley Church End be transferred to Finchley and Golders Green and that shared parts of Mill Hill ward be received from the named seats (to the north-east and south-east).
Members of Parliament
|1945||constituency abolished: see Hendon North and Hendon South|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Clareine Enderby||4,628||8.4||4.6|
|Liberal Democrats||Alasdair Hill||1,985||3.8||1.6|
|Liberal Democrats||Alasdair Hill||1,088||2.2||−10.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Matthew Harris||5,734||12.4||−1.7|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||-4.1|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Nahid Boethe||5,831||13.9||+2.3|
|Green||David G. Williams||754||1.8||+1.8|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||George Weiss||68||0.2||+0.2|
|Progressive Democratic Party||Michael Stewart||56||0.1||−0.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Wayne Casey||4,724||11.6||+0.7|
|Workers Revolutionary||Stella Taylor||164||0.4||+0.1|
|Progressive Democratic Party||Michael Stewart||107||0.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Wayne Casey||5,427||10.8||N/A|
|Workers Revolutionary||Stella Taylor||153||0.3||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Elections in the 1930s
|Labour||Amber Blanco White||28,375||26.75||+8.0|
|Labour||Amber Blanco White||15,305||18.75||-6.75|
Elections in the 1920s
|Liberal||Margery Corbett Ashby||13,449||22.2||+3.5|
|Liberal||Archibald John Blue||5,618||18.7||-9.9|
|Labour||J. Allen Skinner||5,267||17.5||-2.0|
|Liberal||J. M. Robertson||7,324||28.6||+8.2|
Elections in the 1910s
|Women's Parliamentary League||Edith How-Martyn||2,067||10.5||N/A|
|Unionist win (new seat)|
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in Greater London
- Opinion polling for the next United Kingdom general election in individual constituencies
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, Hendon (created 1997) elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years. The first incarnation of Hendon was among the vast majority after 1918 which elected one MP.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- The Guinness Book Of Records 1980
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- Harper, Lee (4 February 2019). "Tory activists campaign in Barnet, amid speculation about a snap General Election". Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 2)
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- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-05-08. Retrieved 2010-04-22.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
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- Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench
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- The Times House of Commons 1945. 1945.