Hendrick Christiaensen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Hendrick Christiaensen (died 1616) was a Dutch explorer who was involved in the earlier exploration of what became the colony of New Netherland.

Life[edit]

Hendrick Christiaensen was a ship captain and trader employed by the Van Tweenhuysen Company of Amsterdam.[1] In 1611, Christiaensen paid two visits to Manhattan in the Fortuyn, including one with fellow explorer Adriaen Block in his Tyger. Upon his return to the Netherlands in 1612, he brought back with him two young native Americans who were the sons of a local sachem. The Dutch were fascinated with the boys, whom they called Orson and Valentine Christiaensen.

In 1613, Christiaensen and Block returned in the two vessels[2] and created the first map of the region that showed Manhattan and Long Island as separate geographical entities.

Fort Nassau[edit]

Christiensen sailed the Fortuyn up the North River to Castle Island (New York), where he built a warehouse on the ruins of an old abandoned French fur trader's fort. He added a stockade and a moat eighteen feet wide.[3] He named it Fort Nassau in honor of Stadholder Count Maurice of Nassau. The river, sometimes known as the Mauritius was also named after the Count. Christiensen took two cannon and eleven swivel guns from the Fortuyn and left left twelve men under the command of Jacob Eelkens, before returning downriver. Soon after, he was killed in an argument with Orson.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hallowell, Christopher L., “Journey of a Seventeenth-Century Cannon”, Natural History, April 1976
  2. ^ "Ships from Amsterdam Holland to New Netherland New York".
  3. ^ Joyce, John St. George. Story of Philadelphia, Rex print. house, Philadelphia , PA 1919
  • Kroessler, Jeffrey A. New York, Year by Year: A Chronology of the Great Metropolis. New York: New York University Press, 2002.