Hendrik Kraemer

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Hendrik Kraemer (born 17 May 1888 in Amsterdam, died 11 November 1965 in Driebergen) was a lay missiologist and prominent[weasel words] figure in the ecumenical movement from Dutch Reformed Church in the Netherlands.

Kraemer lost his parents when he was 12 years old, so he stayed in an orphanage. At the age of 16, he decided to become a missionary.[1][2] Kraemer married in 1919.[3] He learned the Bible by himself, and he never entered theological seminary.

On the question of theology of religions, Kraemer supports an exclusivist understanding of religion.[4]


  1. ^ H. Kreamer in Evangelical Dictionary of Word MissionA. Scott Moreau (ed.), Michigan: Baker Books, 2000, 547.
  2. ^ Jan H. Pranger, "Hendrik Kraemer" in Empire The Christian Tradition: New Reading of Classical Theologians, Kwok Pui-Lan, Don H. Compier, Jorg Rieger(ed.).Minneapolis: Fortress Press. 2007. ISBN 978-0-8006-6215-8.
  3. ^ Scot W. Sunquist (ed.). A Dictionary of Asian Christianity. Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co. 2001, 456.
  4. ^ James C. Livingston and Francis Schüssler Fiorenza, ed. (2006). Modern Christian thought: the twentieth century (Second ed.). Minneapolis: Fortress Press. pp. 472–474. ISBN 9780800637965.