Hendrik Kraemer

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Hendrik Kraemer (born 17 May 1888 in Amsterdam, died 11 November 1965 in Driebergen) was a lay missiologist and figure in the ecumenical movement from Dutch Reformed Church in the Netherlands. He encouraged the Dutch to allow the spread missionary activities outside of the Dutch East India Company-restricted area in eastern Indonesia to the rest of the archipelago.[1]


Kraemer lost his parents when he was 12 years old, so he stayed in an orphanage. At the age of 16, he decided to become a missionary.[2][3] Kraemer married in 1919.[4] He learned the Bible by himself, and he never entered theological seminary.

On the question of theology of religions, Kraemer supported an exclusivist understanding of religion.[5]


  1. ^ Encyclopedia of Protestantism: 4-volume set by Hans J. Hillerbrand
  2. ^ Moreau, A. Scott, ed. (2000). "H. Kreamer". Evangelical Dictionary of Word Mission. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books. p. 547.
  3. ^ Pranger, Jan H. (2007). "Hendrik Kraemer". In Kwok Pui-lan; Compier, Don H.; Rieger, Joerg (eds.). Empire The Christian Tradition: New Reading of Classical Theologians. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press. ISBN 978-0-8006-6215-8..
  4. ^ Sunquist, Scot W., ed. (2001). A Dictionary of Asian Christianity. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans. p. 456.
  5. ^ Livingston, James C.; Fiorenza, Francis Schüssler, eds. (2006). Modern Christian thought: the twentieth century (Second ed.). Minneapolis: Fortress Press. pp. 472–474. ISBN 9780800637965.