Hengqin

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Hengqin
横琴(镇)新区
Town & New Area
Hengqin Town / Hengqin New Area
Hengqin
Hengqin
CountryPeople's Republic of China
RegionZhuhai / Macau (leased lands)
Area
 • Total106.46 km2 (41.10 sq mi)
Population
 • Total6,300
 • Density59/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard / Macau Standard)
Websitehttp://www.hengqin.gov.cn/
Hengqin
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese横琴新区
Traditional Chinese橫琴新區
Literal meaningHorizontal Qin New Area
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese横琴岛
Traditional Chinese橫琴島
Portuguese name
PortugueseNova Área da Ilha da Montanha/Nova Área de Hengqin

Hengqin, sometimes known as Ilha da Montanha in Portuguese, is an island in Zhuhai, a prefecture-level city and Special Economic Zone in the Guangdong province of the People's Republic of China. It has a population of about 3,000. Parts of Hengqin were leased to Macau by the State Council of the People's Republic of China stating in 2009, with the area expanding, in the leased parts, Macau law applies and remains outside the Great Firewall.

The whole island is designated a special economic district, as Hengqin New Area, similar to Binhai New Area in Tianjin and Pudong New Area in Shanghai.

Geography[edit]

Hengqin Island is adjacent to Taipa and Coloane of Macau with the Shisanmen Waterway in between, and is connected to Macau's Cotai via the Lotus Bridge. The island is the largest among the 146 islands of Zhuhai, being roughly three times the size of Macau. It has broad bays, sandy beaches, strangely shaped jagged rocks, beautiful scenery, fresh air, and natural vegetation cover.

Hengqin was formerly made up of two islands, Xiaohengqin (Chinese: 小横琴;Portuguese: Dom João) and Dahengqin (Chinese: 大横琴;Portuguese: Montanha), which were recently connected as a result of land reclamation. The reclaimed island is 96 km2 (37 sq mi) large.

History[edit]

Portugal claimed both Xiao Hengqin and Da Hengqin, along with the larger former island of Wanzai (Portuguese: Lapa) — now a peninsula — to their north, as part of the Província da Macau, because "Portuguese schools are established there".[1] In 1896, Portuguese determined to occupy the two islands of Hengqin, but did not succeed in doing so. Portugal briefly occupied them before World War II.[2]

Since the land reclamation and development, there has been a growing opinion in Macau that the island should be leased to Macau, which has very limited land and little room for further development. By 1 September 2005, plans were revealed that the government of Guangdong will allow tax exemptions and adopt flexible immigration control in Hengqin to promote investment from Hong Kong and Macau.

In late 2005, Las Vegas Sands openly discussed its multibillion-dollar plan to develop parts of Hengqin Island into a convention and resort destination. The project was to include four million sq ft of convention space, hotels, retail, vacation homes, and golf, tennis and yachting amenities.[3][4]

On 27 June 2009 the government of Macau officially announced that the University of Macau would build its new campus on 1 km2 of the island, in a stretch directly facing the Cotai area, south of the current border post. This would be the first of other possible projects. Construction of the campus would take three years[5] and would include an underwater tunnel.[citation needed] Macau law would apply in the university campus and it would not be necessary to pass a formal border post.[6] The Macau Special Administrative Region will pay an amount of rent - which has not yet been set - for the use of the land.[citation needed]

The Hengqin International Tennis Center opened in September 2015. It currently hosts three international competitions: the WTA Elite Trophy, the Zhuhai Open and the Asia-Pacific Wildcard Playoff for the Australian Open.[7]

Subdistricts of Hengqin New Area[edit]

A map of Hengqin New Area with its six subdistricts
  • Northwestern Zone - reserved for environmentally friendly development projects
  • Northern Zone - A Bridge and main entrance between Central Zhuhai and Hengqin New Area
  • Northeastern Exhibition Zone - development of an exhibition center and hotels
  • Central Channel - develop as a leisure and recreational theme park
  • Eastern Residential and Commercial Zone - codevelopment of PRC and Macau projects such as University of Macau's new campus
  • Southern Tourist Zone - A future tourism attraction which is further divided into seven sub-zones
    • Theme Park Area
    • Seaside Hotel Area
    • Natural Tourist Area
    • Scenic Area
    • Water Activities Area
    • Seaside Holiday Resort Area
    • Golf Course Holiday Resort Area

On 29 November 2010, the main body of the Chime-Long International Ocean Resort (with an initial investment of 10 billion yuan) kicked off the construction on Hengqin Island and was originally expected to become operational in 2013.

The Chime-Long Ocean Kingdom, consisting of entertainment facilities, amusement rides, performances, high-tech experiences and animal watching as well as the dolphin-themed hotel with 1,888 guest rooms was opened in 2014.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] Archived 2005-03-14 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ http://www.worldstatesmen.org/China_Foreign_colonies.html#Macau
  3. ^ Las Vegas Sands press release, 1/11/2007
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2005-02-28. Retrieved 2005-01-04.
  5. ^ "Macau uni gets slice of China". The Standard. 2009-09-15. Archived from the original on 2011-06-04. Retrieved 2009-09-15.
  6. ^ "China and Macau to develop island". BBC News. 2009-09-15. Retrieved 2009-09-15.
  7. ^ "Hengqin International Tennis Center". Hengqin Record. Retrieved 4 November 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°07′12″N 113°30′36″E / 22.1200°N 113.5101°E / 22.1200; 113.5101