Henham Park

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Henham Hall in 1829, built in 1790 by John Rous, 1st Earl of Stradbroke to the design of James Wyatt; demolished 1953
Henham Hall in 1801, drawn by Cornelius Varley, then drawing instructor to Lord Rous[1]
Latitude Festival at Henham Park in 2007, when over 20,000 people attended

Henham Park is an historic 4,200 acre[2] estate in the parish of Blythburgh, situated just north of the village of Blythburgh in the county of Suffolk, England, and at the intersection of the A12 and A145 main roads. The park is the venue for the Latitude Festival of arts and music and plays host to other events throughout the year. The current owner is Keith Rous, 6th Earl of Stradbroke (b. 1937), formerly of Mt Fyan's Station, Dundonnell, Victoria, Australia,[3] a 5,900 hectare (14,580 acre) ranch which he purchased in 1989 and sold in 2016 for $ Aus 34 million[4] (£19 million). In 1953 his uncle the 4th Earl demolished the Georgian manor house, known as Henham Hall. In 2006 a major £60 million redevelopment plan was announced by Hektor Rous (b.1978), the estate manager and a younger son of the 6th Earl,[5] including the building of a large hotel.[6]

History[edit]

Hunting park[edit]

The original Henham lands were hunting grounds, the seat of the de la Poles Earls of Suffolk, of Wingfield Castle in Suffolk, on which they built a timber-framed structure was built with its own protective moatyard.

Tudor hall[edit]

In 1513 King Henry VIII ordered the execution of Edmund de la Pole, and granted the property to his friend Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk, who built a new mansion house 200 yards (180 m) in front of the old mediaeval timber-framed structure, deemed one of the finest Tudor buildings of its age. The house was flanked on two sides by extensive walled gardens and incorporated a large courtyard.[7]

On Brandon's death in 1545, the Crown granted Henham to Sir Arthur Hopton of Blythburgh who immediately sold the estate to Sir Anthony Rous, Knight, of Dennington, near Stradbroke[8] in Suffolk. In 1773, while Sir John Rous, 6th Baronet (from 1821 1st Earl of Stradbroke) was away on a Grand Tour of Venice, his drunken butler had a mishap with a candle, which destroyed the building.[7] The £30,000 loss represented eight year's income from the estate, and the substantial blow meant that it was to be twenty years before he could afford to rebuild.[7]

This structure was the subject of an episode of the Channel 4 television series Time Team in January 2013.

Georgian hall[edit]

In 1790 Sir John, later the first Earl of Stradbroke, commissioned James Wyatt to build a new hall, 100 yards (91 m) in front of the second hall, with accompanying parkland design by Humphrey Repton.[7] An impressive structure, in 1858 Augusta Bonham wife of the Second Earl instructed architect Edward Barry to give it a Victorian gloss;[7] the work was carried out by Lucas Brothers.[9]

This hall was demolished by the fourth Earl of Stradbroke in 1953,[7] despite attempts by his brother, later the fifth Earl, to keep the house intact. One wall remains to this day and features a frieze depicting a Native American fighting a bear.[7]

A horse mill used to operate on the estate, one of only two known in Suffolk. This is now preserved at the Museum of East Anglian Life at Stowmarket.

Present[edit]

The fourth Earl died in 1983 with his brother becoming the fifth Earl for only four days before also passing away. Robert Keith Rous – at that time a businessman and sheep grazier in Australia – then inherited Henham and became the sixth Earl of Stradbroke. This was, however, not without difficulty and a protracted court battle led to a family feud that still separates the Rous family to this day.

Events and other uses[edit]

Steam Engines at the 2008 Henham Steam Rally

The estate hosts the Latitude Music Festival, Wings and Wheels[10] and Grand Henham Steam Rally as well as remaining a working farm. There is a brewery[11] and bed and breakfast accommodation located on the site as well as a series of walking trails.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?objectId=3988&partId=1
  2. ^ East Anglian Daily Times, 08 November 2006[1]
  3. ^ Kidd, Charles, Debrett's Peerage & Baronetage 2015 Edition, London, 2015, p.P1174
  4. ^ https://www.weeklytimesnow.com.au/property/riverina-sheep-farmers-buy-historic-mt-fyans-property-for-37-million/news-story/23cd285331d0cc52b4c6aa2e71cfd86d
  5. ^ Kidd, Charles, Debrett's Peerage & Baronetage 2015 Edition, London, 2015, p.P1174
  6. ^ East Anglian Daily Times, 08 November 2006
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Henham Hall - a lost house, Alan Mackey, BlythWeb, March 2000. Retrieved 2009-09-03
  8. ^ Kidd, Charles, Debrett's Peerage & Baronetage 2015 Edition, London, 2015, p.P1175
  9. ^ Charles Thomas Lucas at Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  10. ^ Wings and Wheels. Retrieved 2009-09-03.
  11. ^ Hektors Brewery. Retrieved 2009-09-03.
  12. ^ Henham Park Online. Retrieved 2009-09-03.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°20′20″N 1°35′52″E / 52.3388°N 1.5977°E / 52.3388; 1.5977