Henley (UK Parliament constituency)

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Henley
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Henley in Oxfordshire.
Outline map
Location of Oxfordshire within England.
County Oxfordshire
Electorate 73,851 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Henley, Thame and Chinnor
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of parliament John Howell (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Oxfordshire
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South East England

Henley is a constituency[n 1] in Oxfordshire represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2008 by John Howell, a Conservative.[n 2]

Constituency profile[edit]

The seat has throughout its history been confined to a well-connected part of the Chiltern Hills AONB interspersed by the small towns of Thame and Chinnor and a narrow more developed area adjoining the Thames on one bank. Its economy, interconnected with London, Oxford and in the far south Reading, ensures a high rate of employment and its natural environment attracts retirees and high income owners. It has a high-speed connection to London at Haddenham & Thame Parkway and for most of its history has limited itself to one mainly rural land-use local authority, South Oxfordshire. Since 2010 two local government wards of demographically alike Cherwell district have been placed within the boundaries.

Boundaries[edit]

1885–1918: The Municipal Borough of Henley-on-Thames, the Sessional Divisions of Henley and Wallington, part of the Sessional Division of Bullingdon, and the part of the Municipal Borough of Abingdon in the county of Oxfordshire.

1918–1950: The Municipal Borough of Henley-on-Thames, the Urban Districts of Bicester, Thame, and Wheatley, and the Rural Districts of Bicester, Crowmarsh, Culham, Goring, Headington, Henley, and Thame.

1950–1974: The Municipal Borough of Henley-on-Thames, the Urban Districts of Bicester and Thame, the Rural Districts of Bullingdon and Henley, and part of the Rural District of Ploughley.

1974–1983: The Municipal Borough of Henley-on-Thames, the Urban District of Thame, the Rural District of Henley, and part of the Rural District of Bullingdon.

1983–1997: The District of South Oxfordshire wards of Aston Rowant, Benson, Berinsfield, Chalgrove, Chinnor, Clifton Hampden, Crowmarsh, Dorchester, Forest Hill, Garsington, Goring, Goring Heath, Great Milton, Henley, Kidmore End, Nettlebed, Rotherfield Peppard, Shiplake, Sonning Common, Thame North, Thame South, Watlington, Wheatley, and Woodcote.

1997–2010: As above plus Horspath

2010–present: As above less Horspath, Dorchester, and less Goring Heath, plus Chiltern Woods; Henley subdivided (north and south) plus the District of Cherwell wards of Kirtlington and Otmoor.

The constituency covers most of the local government district of South Oxfordshire, excluding Wallingford, Didcot and surroundings in the west. Main settlements include Henley-on-Thames itself, Thame, Chinnor and Sonning Common. The two wards of Cherwell are to the north, close to Oxford, and are predominantly rural.

History[edit]

Two long-term MPs serving at Cabinet level have been elected for Henley — Michael Heseltine who served as the MP for Henley 1974-2001. Heseltine was succeeded by Boris Johnson, rapidly made a shadow minister in a period of Labour government.[n 3] In May 2008, Johnson was elected as Mayor of London, and he subsequently resigned from the Commons on 4 June 2008,[2] resulting in a by-election in the constituency.

Political history

An unbroken succession of Conservative candidates have won the seat since 1910. The 2008 by-election was closer than general elections since 2001 and won by the Conservative candidate, John Howell. Howell was re-elected at the General Election in 2010 and again in 2015. Labour finished second for the first time since 1970 in Henley. The 2015 result made the seat the 12th safest of the Conservative Party's 331 seats by percentage of majority.[3]

Other parties

All five parties' candidates achieved more than deposit-retaining threshold of 5% of the vote in 2015, reflecting frequent such results for the Green Party and UKIP in that election. Liberal Democrat or predecessor-party Liberal candidates were second-placed between February 1974 and 2010 (inclusive). The closest contest for Henley was in 1966, when Labour's Cunningham took 44.6% of the vote in a two-candidate contest.

Turnout

At General Elections, turnout has ranged between 52.9% in the "khaki election" of 1918 to 81.7% in 1950.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Hermon-Hodge
Election Member[4] Party Notes
1885 Edward William Harcourt Conservative
1886 Francis Parker Conservative
1895 Robert Hodge Conservative Became Sir Robert Hodge, Baronet in 1902, assumed surname Hermon-Hodge in 1903
1906 Philip Morrell Liberal
1910 Valentine Fleming Conservative Killed in World War I, father of James Bond novelist Ian Fleming.
1917 by-election Sir Robert Hermon-Hodge, Bt. Conservative
1918 Reginald Terrell Coalition Conservative
1922 Conservative
1924 Robert Henderson Conservative
1932 by-election Gifford Fox Conservative
1950 John Hay Conservative
Feb 1974 Michael Heseltine Conservative Later Baron Heseltine; Cabinet minister 1979–86 and 1990–97
2001 Boris Johnson Conservative Elected Mayor of London May 2008
2008 by-election John Howell Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2017: Henley[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Green Robin Bennett
Liberal Democrat Laura Coyle
The Radical Party Patrick Gray
Conservative John Howell
Labour Oliver Kavanagh
UKIP Tim Scott
General Election 2015: Henley[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Howell[7] 32,292 58.5 +2.3
Labour Sam Juthani[8] 6,917 12.5 +1.6
Liberal Democrat Sue Cooper[9] 6,205 11.2 -13.9
UKIP Christopher Jones[10] 6,007 10.9 +7.5
Green Mark Stevenson[11] 3,815 6.9 +4.4
Majority 25,375 45.9
Turnout 55,236 70.9 -0.5
Conservative hold Swing +14.9
General Election 2010: Henley[12][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Howell 30,054 56.2 +3.0
Liberal Democrat Andy Crick 13,466 25.2 −0.9
Labour Richard McKenzie 5,835 10.9 −4.1
UKIP Laurence Hughes 1,817 3.4 +0.9
Green Mark Stevenson 1,328 2.5 −0.8
BNP John Bews 1,020 1.9 −1.7
Majority 16,588 31.0
Turnout 53,520 71.4 +3.6
Conservative hold Swing +1.9

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

Henley by-election, 2008 [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Howell 19,796 56.9 +3.4
Liberal Democrat Stephen Kearney 9,680 27.8 +1.8
Green Mark Stevenson 1,321 3.8 +0.5
BNP Tim Rait 1,243 3.6 N/A
Labour Richard McKenzie 1,066 3.1 −11.6
UKIP Chris Adams 843 2.4 −0.1
Monster Raving Loony Bananaman Owen 242 0.7 N/A
English Democrat Derek Allpass 157 0.4 N/A
Independent Amanda Harrington 128 0.4 N/A
Common Good Dick Rodgers 121 0.3 N/A
Independent Louise Cole 91 0.3 N/A
Fur Play Party Harry Bear 73 0.2 N/A
Majority 10,116 29.1 +1.6
Turnout 34,761 50.5 −17.4
Conservative hold Swing +0.8
General Election 2005: Henley[15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Boris Johnson 24,894 53.5 +7.4
Liberal Democrat David Turner 12,101 26.0 −1.0
Labour Kaleem Saeed 6,862 14.7 −6.4
Green Mark Stevenson 1,518 3.3 +0.7
UKIP Delphine Gray-Fisk 1,162 2.5 −0.7
Majority 12,793 27.5
Turnout 46,537 67.9 +3.6
Conservative hold Swing +4.2
General Election 2001: Henley[16][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Boris Johnson 20,466 46.1 −0.3
Liberal Democrat Catherine Bearder 12,008 27.0 +2.3
Labour Janet Matthews 9,367 21.1 –1.6
UKIP Philip Collings 1,413 3.2 N/A
Green Oliver Tickell 1,147 2.6 +1.6
Majority 8,458 19.1
Turnout 44,401 64.3 −13.3
Conservative hold Swing −1.3

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Henley[16][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Heseltine 23,908 46.4 −13.3
Liberal Democrat Tim Horton 12,741 24.7 +0.6
Labour Duncan Enright 12,700 22.7 +7.8
Referendum Sebastian Sainsbury 2,299 4.5 N/A
Green Susan Miles 514 1.0 N/A
Natural Law Nigel Barlow 221 0.4 –0.1
Whig Party Thomas Hibbert 160 0.3 N/A
Majority 11,167 21.7 −13.9
Turnout 52,543 77.6 −2.2
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1992: Henley[19][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Heseltine 30,835 59.7 −1.4
Liberal Democrat David G. Turner 12,443 24.1 −2.2
Labour Ivan J. Russell-Swinnerton 7,676 14.9 +2.3
Independent Alan S. Plane 431 0.8 +0.8
Natural Law Sara A. Banerji 274 0.5 +0.5
Majority 18,392 35.6 +0.8
Turnout 51,659 79.8 +4.9
Conservative hold Swing +0.4

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Henley[21][22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Heseltine 29,978 61.1
Liberal John Madeley 12,896 26.3
Labour Michael Barber 6,173 12.6
Majority 17,082 34.8
Turnout 75.0
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Henley[23][24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Heseltine 27,039 59.7
Liberal I. Brook 13,258 29.3
Labour I. Roxburgh 4,282 9.5
Women for Life On Earth R. Johnson 517 1.1 N/A
One Nation Conservative T. Rogers 213 0.5 N/A
Majority 13,781 30.4
Turnout 72.9
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Henley[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Heseltine 29,982 58.7
Liberal Steve Atack 11,693 22.9
Labour D. J. Whiting 9,435 18.5
Majority 18,289 35.8
Turnout 77.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Henley[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Heseltine 22,504 49.0
Liberal S. R. C. Evans 12,288 26.8
Labour I. M. Haig 11,141 24.3
Majority 10,216 22.2
Turnout 73.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Henley[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Heseltine 24,367 48.4
Liberal S. R. C. Evans 15,467 30.7
Labour A. Alexander 10,500 20.9
Majority 8,900 17.7
Turnout 81.3
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Henley [28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Hay 33,452 53.4
Labour Maeve Judith Denby 19,310 30.8
Liberal Arthur William Giles 8,907 14.2 N/A
Anti-Common Market Daniel Brunner 960 1.5 N/A
Majority 14,142 22.6
Turnout 74.0
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Henley [29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Hay 28,994 55.4
Labour George Cunningham 23,320 44.6
Majority 5,674 10.9
Turnout 75.2
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Henley [30][31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Hay 24,898 49.2
Labour Co-op Arthur Ledger 16,614 32.8
Liberal Arthur William Giles 9,081 18.0
Majority 8,284 16.4
Turnout 78.3
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Henley [32][33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Hay 24,417 53.4
Labour Co-op Arthur Ledger 15,014 32.9
Liberal Charles Truman 6,261 13.7 N/A
Majority 9,403 20.6
Turnout 78.4
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Henley [34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Hay 24,061 58.6
Labour Nora J T Wiles 16,980 41.4
Majority 7,081 17.3
Turnout 75.4
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Henley [35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Hay 23,621 58.0
Labour Constantine Gallop 17,090 42.0
Majority 6,531 16.0
Turnout 78.3
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Henley [36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Hay 20,488 49.4
Labour Alan Ernest Gwynn Hawkins 14,709 35.5
Liberal Peter William Vincent Minoprio 6,255 15.1
Majority 5,779 13.9
Turnout 81.7
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Henley [37]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gifford Fox 22,286 42.5
Labour James Stewart Cook 19,457 37.1
Liberal Lionel Brett 10,718 20.4
Majority 2,829 5.4
Turnout 66.3
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Henley [38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gifford Fox 22,024 70.4
Liberal John Herbert May 9,254 29.6
Majority 12,770 40.8
Turnout 31,278 56.9
Conservative hold Swing
Henley by-election, 1932[38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gifford Fox 16,553 69.9 -2.3
Liberal Richard Matthews 7,129 30.1 +13.8
Majority 9,424 39.8 -16.1
Turnout 23,682 48.9 -19.7
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Henley [38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Henderson 24,015 72.2
Liberal Richard Matthews 5,411 16.3
Labour Frederick J Hembury 3,809 11.5
Majority 18,604 55.9
Turnout 33,235 68.6
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Henley [38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Robert Henderson 16,943 51.9 -12.9
Liberal Geoffrey Tritton 9,786 29.9 +5.3
Labour Bernard Benjamin Gillis 5,962 18.2 n/a
Majority 7,157 22.0 -18.2
Turnout 32,631 73.3 +3.1
Unionist hold Swing -9.1
General Election 1924: Henley [38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Henderson 14,830 64.8
Liberal Charles Alan Bennett 8,060 35.2
Majority 6,770 29.6
Turnout 22,890 70.2
Conservative hold Swing
Sir Henry Rew
General Election 1923: Henley [38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Reginald Terrell 12,092 51.8 -1.3
Liberal R. Henry Rew 11,266 48.2 +1.3
Majority 826 3.6 -2.6
Turnout 23,358 73.3 +3.7
Unionist hold Swing -1.3
General Election 1922: Henley [38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Reginald Terrell 11,545 53.1
Liberal R. Henry Rew 10,204 46.9
Majority 1,341 6.2
Turnout 21,749 69.6
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Henley [38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist 10,757 67.7
Liberal Edmund Loftus MacNaghten 5,138 32.3
Majority 5,619 35.4
Turnout 15,895 52.2
Conservative hold Swing

Neighbouring constituencies[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Johnson returned to Parliament in 2015, as MP for Uxbridge and South Ruislip, and was in 2016 appointed Foreign Secretary in the May Ministry.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Treasury press release Manor of Northstead
  3. ^ List of Conservative MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  4. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  5. ^ South Oxfordshire District Council - statement of persons nominated 2017
  6. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  7. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/henley-2015.html
  8. ^ http://www.samjuthaniforhenley.org.uk
  9. ^ "Sue Cooper PPC page". Liberal Democrats. Retrieved 22 February 2015. 
  10. ^ "constituencies". UKIP South East. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  11. ^ http://www.greenoxfordshire.com/mark_stevenson_for_henley
  12. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Henley". BBC News. 
  14. ^ ukpollingreport
  15. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  16. ^ a b c Ask Aristotle: Henley, guardian.co.uk
  17. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  18. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  19. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  20. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  21. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  22. ^ UK General Election results June 1987
  23. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  24. ^ UK General Election results June 1983
  25. ^ UK General Election results May 1979
  26. ^ UK General Election results October 1974
  27. ^ UK General Election results February 1974
  28. ^ UK General Election results 1970
  29. ^ UK General Election results March 1966
  30. ^ UK General Election results October 1964
  31. ^ [1]
  32. ^ UK General Election results October 1959
  33. ^ [2]
  34. ^ UK General Election results May 1955
  35. ^ UK General Election results October 1951
  36. ^ UK General Election results February 1950
  37. ^ UK General Election results July 1945
  38. ^ a b c d e f g h F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918 – 1949

Sources[edit]

  • Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1945. The Times. 1945. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1950. The Times. 1950. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1955. The Times. 1955. 

Coordinates: 51°39′N 1°03′W / 51.65°N 1.05°W / 51.65; -1.05