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The view across Guildford from Henley Fort
|Address||Henley Fort Outdoor Education Centre, The Mount, Guildford, Surrey, GU2 4RH|
|Owner||Surrey Outdoor Learning & Development|
Henley Fort was built as a mobilisation centre during the 1880-90s as part of the London Defence Positions. Its purpose was to protect the capital from the French army. Initially, construction was rapid due to the invasion threat, but slowed as that threat passed.
It is the most westerly fort of a 17-mile chain that would have formed a secondary line of defence between the South coast and London. It was never used as a fort in the conventional sense, having neither the men or the munitions to garrison it, and was instead used to train volunteers and as a monthly meeting place for the volunteers who manned it.
In the 1950s it was used as a camp for local schools. Each school could attend for 2 weeks each year for walks around Surrey.
- "Guildford Borough Historic Environment Information". www.guildford.gov.uk.
- "Surrey Archaeological Society - Bulletin 405" (PDF). www.surreyarchaeology.org.uk.
- Chapman-Davies 2013.
- Evans 1998, p. 20.
- Kerr 1927, p. 223.
- "Surrey Outdoor Learning & Development - Henley Fort". www.surreyoutdoorlearning.uk. Retrieved 2016-03-03.
- Chapman-Davies, Helen (2013). Guildford's Hidden History. Amberley Publishing Limited. ISBN 9781848686915.
- Evans, Martin Marix (1998). The Military Heritage of Britain & Ireland. Andre Deutsch Ltd. ISBN 9780233991504.
- Kerr, James (1927). The Fundamentals of School Health. Macmillan. ASIN B00089Z71K.
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