Henri-César de Castellane-Majastre

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Henri-César de Castellane-Majastre
Born March 28, 1733
Riez, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, France
Died May 5, 1789
Riez, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, France
Nationality French
Occupation Landowner
Sailor
Employer French Navy
Title Marquess

Henri-César de Castellane-Majastre (1733-1789) was a French aristocrat, landowner and sailor.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Henri-César de Castellane-Majastre was born on March 28, 1733 in Riez, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, France.[1] A French aristocrat, he was a member of the House of Castellane. His father was César-Henri de Castellane (1693-1761) and his mother, Agathe de Martin.

Career[edit]

He served as a career officer in the French Navy.[1][2] He became Gardes de la Marine in 1749, Lieutenant in 1762 and Captain in 1775.[2]

During the American Revolutionary War of 1775–1783, he served on a French fleet that came to the rescue of the Americans in March 1781.[1] Leaving from Brest on March 22, 1781, under the command of Lieutenant General François Joseph Paul de Grasse (1722–1788), they were bound for Martinique.[1] He served in the Invasion of Tobago on May 30, 1781.[2] Their campaign led to the capture of Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis (1738-1805), and they took part in the Battle of the Chesapeake on September 5, 1781 and the Siege of Yorktown on October 19, 1781.[1][3]

Additionally, he fought in the Battle of Saint Kitts aboard the French ship Vengeur du Peuple in April 1782.[1] A month later, in May 1782, he served on the fleet of Louis-Philippe de Vaudreuil (1724–1802).[1]

In October 1782, he was inducted in the Society of the Cincinnati and received 800 pounds from them for his service.[2] On October 1, 1784, he became Chef d'escadre.[2]

Personal life[edit]

He married Marie Claire de Montolieu (unknown-1800). They had two sons:

  • Charles de Castellane (1783-1857).
  • César Elzéar de Castellane, Comte de Castellane-Majastres (1784-1835).

He died on May 5, 1789 in Riez, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, France.[1][2]

Legacy[edit]

The Place Castellane in Marseille is named in his honor.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Rob S. Cox, Finding aid for Henri César, Marquis de Castellane Majastre Papers, 1713-1828, University of Michigan: William L. Clements Library, June 1997
  2. ^ a b c d e f Alexandre Mazas, Histoire de l'ordre royal et Militaire de Saint-Louis depuis son institution en 1693 jusqu'en 1830, Paris: Firmin Didot frères, fils et Cie, 1860, pp. 196-197 [1]
  3. ^ Château d'Esparron-de-Verdon: La famille de Castellane et le château d’Esparron