Henri Émile Sauvage (22 September 1842, Boulogne-sur-Mer – 3 January 1917, Boulogne-sur-Mer) was a French paleontologist, ichthyologist, and herpetologist. He was a leading expert on Mesozoic fish and reptiles.
He worked as a curator at the Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle in Boulogne-sur-Mer, and published extensively on Late Jurassic dinosaurs and other vertebrates from the Boulonnais region of northern France. He made important contributions involving vertebrate palaeontology in Portugal, describing in 1897, Suchosaurus girardi from jaw fragments found in that country.
From 1883 to 1896 he served as director of the station aquicole in Boulogne-sur-Mer. He was a member of the Société géologique de France.
The plesiosaurid species, Lusonectes sauvagei commemorates his name, as does the crustacean species Pseudanthessius sauvagei.
- Bassin houiller et permien d'Autun et d'Épinac, 1889–97 (with Frédéric Delafond, Michel Lévy, Bernard Renault, René Zeiller, 7 volumes).
- Histoire naturelle des poissons, (1891); in Alfred Grandidier's Histoire physique, naturelle et politique de Madagascar.
- Vertébrés fossiles du Portugal : Contributions à l'étude des poissons et des reptiles du jurassique et du crétacique , (1897).
- Musées municipaux de Boulogne-sur-Mer, 1898.
- Articles in The Popular Science Monthly:
- “Amphibious Fishes,” in Popular Science Monthly Volume 9, September 1876
- “The Archer-Fishes,” in Popular Science Monthly Volume 12, January 1878
- “The Matamata,” in Popular Science Monthly Volume 16, March 1880.
- Biography of Henri Émile Sauvage:
- La Vie et l'oeuvre d'Emile Sauvage; Author: Casimir Cépède. Publisher: Boulogne-sur-Mer :Imprimerie G. Hamain, 1923.