Henri Atlan

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Henri Atlan
Salon du livre de Paris 2011 - Henri Atlan - 004.jpg
Henri Atlan in 2011
Born (1931-12-27) 27 December 1931 (age 86)
Blida, French Algeria
Nationality French
Alma mater University of Paris
Known for Complexity from noise
Spouse(s) Liliane Atlan (m. 1952)
Children 2
Scientific career
Fields

Henri Atlan (born 27 December 1931 in Blida, French Algeria) is a French biophysicist and philosopher.

Early life and education[edit]

Born to a Jewish family in French Algeria, Atlan gained degrees in medicine and biophysics at the University of Paris (now University Paris Diderot). He married Liliane Atlan in 1952; they had two children while living in Paris, Miri in 1953 and Michael in 1956.[1] He then moved to the University of California, Berkeley working on ageing and mutation.

Career and thought[edit]

Influenced by Heinz von Foerster, Atlan became interested in applying cybernetics and information theory to living organisms, and went to the Weizmann Institute in Rehovot to work under the biophysicist Aharon Katchalsky.[citation needed] In 1972, he returned to Paris; and, in that year, his 1972 work on information theory and self-organising systems, entitled L'organisation biologique et la théorie de l'information, received a wide readership.[citation needed] In this book, he proposed the principle of "complexity from noise"[2][3] (French: le principe de complexité par le bruit),[4][5] concept taken up in his following book Entre le cristal et la fumée (1979)[6] and development of 1960 Von Foerster's notion of "order from noise". In Paris, he then taught biophysics at the Hôtel-Dieu and, later, at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem's Hadassah Medical Center.[citation needed]

His participation with Francisco Varela at a conference in Cerisy-la-Salle encouraged interest in cognitive science in France.[citation needed] Atlan was instrumental in the establishment of the Centre de Recherche en Epistémologie Appliquée (CREA) at the École Polytechnique, and was appointed in 1983 to the Comité Consultatif National d'Éthique pour la Sciences de a Vie et de la Santé (National Advisory Committee on Ethics in the Life Sciences and Medicine). He has been appointed to a chair in the philosophy of biology at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales.[citation needed]

He is also a member of Collegium International,[citation needed] an organization of leaders with political, scientific, and ethical expertise whose goal is to provide new approaches in overcoming the obstacles in the way of a peaceful, socially just, and an economically sustainable world.

Works[edit]

  • Selected Writings: On Self-Organization, Philosophy, Bioethics, and Judaism, 2011, ISBN 9780823231812 
  • L'organisation biologique et la théorie de l'information, 1972 
  • "On a formal definition of organization". Journal of Theoretical Biology. Elsevier. 45 (2): 295−304. June 1974. doi:10.1016/0022-5193(74)90115-5. 
  • Entre le cristal et la fumée: Essai sur l'organisation de vivant, 1979 
  • À tort et à raison: Inter-critique de la science et du mythe, 1986 
  • Tout, non, peut-être: Education et vérité, 1991 
  • Les étincelles de hasard, 1999 

References[edit]

  1. ^ Schneider, Judith Morganroth. "Liliane Atlan". Jewish Women's Archive. Retrieved 30 May 2018. 
  2. ^ See occurrences on Google Books.
  3. ^ François, Charles, ed. (2011) [1997]. International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2nd ed.). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. p. 107. ISBN 3-1109-6801-0. ISBN 978-3-110-96801-9. 
  4. ^ See occurrences on Google Books.
  5. ^ [1].
  6. ^ [2].

Further reading[edit]

  • Dupuy, Jean-Pierre (2006), "Henri Atlan", The Columbia History of Twentieth-Century French Thought, New York: Columbia University Press, ISBN 978-0-231-10790-7 

External links[edit]