|Born||27 November 1936|
Casablanca, French Morocco
|Died||3 August 2019 (aged 82)|
|Occupation(s)||Songwriter, DJ, music producer, A&R man|
|Associated acts||The Ritchie Family|
Born in Morocco, he started his career as a club DJ and A&R man. In the 1970s, with his friend, composer Jacques Morali, he worked in the United States, creating The Ritchie Family as well as their most successful group, Village People.
Life and career
Belolo was born in Casablanca, Morocco, and grew up there listening to music introduced by US troops as well as that of African musicians. He studied business in Casablanca, before traveling in 1956 to Paris, France, where he met record company owner and producer Eddie Barclay. Belolo worked with Barclay, importing and promoting records, and started working as a club DJ, work which he continued after returning to Casablanca.
In 1960, he was recruited by Polydor Records in Paris to work in A&R and as a producer, where he worked on albums by Georges Moustaki, Serge Renée, and Jeanne Moreau. He also organized concerts in Paris by James Brown, the Bee Gees and others. He then set up his own record label, Carabine, and music publishing company, Scorpio Music, and in the early 1970s began licensing disco records.
In 1973, he moved to the US and set up Can't Stop Productions in New York City, with an associated talent scout office in Philadelphia. He met Jacques Morali in early 1975, and the pair produced the single "Brazil" by the Ritchie Family, recorded in Philadelphia and arranged by Richie Rome who gave the group its name. The song became a US club hit, and then a worldwide success, in 1975, helped by promotion from DJ Frankie Crocker. Belolo and Morali continued to work together, with Belolo predominantly writing lyrics and Morali the music.
Unlike his associate Morali, Belolo was not gay, but visited clubs with Morali and saw the potential of appealing to the gay nightclub scene. In 1978, they set up the group Village People, seeing their image of gay stereotypes as a way to embody a certain partying spirit. Belolo and Morali began working with the band and presented their demos to Neil Bogart of Casablanca Records, who agreed to release the band's records. Belolo continued to contribute to the Village People records, including "Y.M.C.A.", "In the Navy", and "Go West", with Morali and, in some cases, the band's lead singer Victor Willis. In 2015, Willis won a legal case against Can't Stop Productions, successfully claiming that he and Morali had written the songs together, without any involvement from Belolo. The production company claimed that Belolo had written French lyrics that were then adapted by Willis, but this claim was rejected by the court which ruled that Belolo's name as co-writer should be removed.
- "Musée SACEM: Henri Belolo". Musee.sacem.fr.
- "Décès du producteur de Village People Henri Belolo". Atlantico.fr.
- "Henri Belolo: Tsss, tss, poum!" (in French). L'Express. 6 July 1995. Retrieved 19 March 2010. Italic or bold markup not allowed in:
- "The Village People Get A Star Near The Y-M-C-A!". CBS. 12 September 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-09-22. Retrieved 19 March 2010.
- "Son producteur a créé les Village People". Le Parisien (in French). 29 December 2009. Retrieved 19 March 2010.
- Frank Broughton, Interview with Henri Belolo, DJHistory.com, 2004. Retrieved 6 August 2019
- "No need to feel down". CANOE. 15 July 2000. Retrieved 19 March 2010.
- Chris Cooke, "Victor Willis wins a 50% stake in YMCA", CMU.com, 6 March 2015. Retrieved 6 August 2019
- Songs written by Henri Belolo, MusicVF.com. Retrieved 6 August 2019
- Althea Legaspi, "Village People Co-Creator Henri Belolo Dead at 82", Rolling Stone, August 6, 2019. Retrieved August 7, 2019
- "Henri Belolo: Mort à 82 ans du producteur des Village People" [Henri Belolo: creator of Village People dead at 82]. purepeople.com (in French). 6 August 2019. Retrieved 11 August 2019.
- [dead link]
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