Henri Coandă International Airport

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Bucharest Henri Coandă International Airport

Aeroportul Internațional Henri Coandă București
Aeroporturi București logo.png
Henri Coandă International Airport, March 2013.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic / Military
OperatorThe National Company "Bucharest Airports" S.A.
ServesBucharest, Romania
LocationOtopeni
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL314 ft / 96 m
Coordinates44°34′16″N 026°05′06″E / 44.57111°N 26.08500°E / 44.57111; 26.08500Coordinates: 44°34′16″N 026°05′06″E / 44.57111°N 26.08500°E / 44.57111; 26.08500
Websitebucharestairports.ro
Map
OTP is located in Romania
OTP
OTP
Location within Romania
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
08R/26L 3,500 11,484 Concrete
08L/26R 3,500 11,484 Concrete
Helipads
Number Length Surface
m ft
H1 3.5 11 Concrete
Statistics (2019)
Passengers14,824,830
Passengers change 2019–18Increase 7.95%
Aircraft movements124,396
Sources: Romanian AIP at Eurocontrol,[1] bucharestairports.ro[2]

Bucharest Henri Coandă International Airport (Romanian: Aeroportul Internațional Henri Coandă București) (IATA: OTP, ICAO: LROP) is Romania's busiest international airport, located in Otopeni, 16.5 km (10.3 mi) north of Bucharest's city centre.[1] It is currently one of two airports serving the capital of Romania. The other is Aurel Vlaicu Airport, which no longer serves scheduled passenger traffic.

The airport is named after Romanian flight pioneer Henri Coandă, builder of Coandă-1910 aircraft and discoverer of the Coandă effect of fluidics. Prior to May 2004, the official name was Bucharest Otopeni International Airport (Romanian: Aeroportul Internațional București Otopeni). Henri Coandă International Airport serves as headquarters for TAROM, the country's national airline.[3] It also serves as a base of operations for low-cost airlines Blue Air, Ryanair and Wizz Air. It is managed by The National Company Bucharest Airports S.A. (Compania Națională Aeroporturi București S.A.).[4] The military section of the airport is used by the 90th Airlift Flotilla of the Romanian Air Force.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

During World War II, the airport in Otopeni was used as an airbase by the German Air Force. Until 1965, it was a major airfield for the Romanian Air Force, with Băneasa Airport serving as Bucharest's commercial airport. In 1965, with the growth of air traffic, the Otopeni airbase was converted to a commercial airport. The runway was modernized and extended to 3,500 metres (11,500 ft) from the previous 1,200 metres (3,900 ft), making it one of the longest in Europe at that time.[5]

In August 1969, when United States President Nixon visited Romania, a VIP lounge was inaugurated. A new passenger terminal (designed by Cezar Lăzărescu), with a capacity of 1,200,000 passengers per year, was opened on 13 April 1970, for domestic and international flights.[5] An improvement program added a second runway in 1986, expanding capacity to 35 aircraft movements per hour.[5]

In 1992, Otopeni Airport became a regular member of Airports Council International (ACI).

Expansion since the 1990s[edit]

The first stage of the plan (Phase I), taking place between 1994 and 1998, involved the construction of a new departures terminal and of a new airside concourse with five jetways and nine gates (referred to as 'the Finger') as well as the extension of airport ramps and of their associated taxiways.[6]

The second phase (labeled Phase II/IIe) of the plan led to the construction of a terminal dedicated to domestic flights and of a multi-story car park (2003), the complete overhaul of the control tower (between 2005–2007) as well as the transformation of the old terminal building in a dedicated arrivals hall (in 2000). During the same phase, two high-speed taxiways (Victor and Whiskey) were constructed. Phase II was completed in 2007.[6]

The third stage of the plan (Phase III), which started in 2009, involved the extension of the airside concourse ('the Finger') with 15 new gates (nine of which have jetways), as well as the expansion of the Departure Hall (with 8 new gates). The airside concourse extension, designed by Studio Capelli Architettura & Associati, and measuring 17,000 square metres (200,000 sq ft), was inaugurated on 29 March 2011.[6][7] It was followed, in November 2012, by the extension of the Departure Hall to a total area of 38,600 square metres (400,000 sq ft).[8][9]

In March 2012, all air traffic except for business air traffic was transferred from Aurel Vlaicu International Airport (at that time Bucharest's low-cost hub) to Henri Coandă International Airport.

Terminals[edit]

The airport's facilities consist of a single terminal with three main facilities (colloquially referred to as "Terminals"): the Departures Hall/Terminal, the Arrivals Hall/Terminal, and the Finger Terminal (the airside concourse).[10] A walkway with shops connects the departures and arrivals buildings. The airside concourse is organized in two (domestic and international) passengers flows.[11] The entire terminal has 104 check-in desks, 38 gates (of which 14 are equipped with jetways),[8] and a total floor area of 86,000 square metres (930,000 sq ft).[5][7][9]

Future development[edit]

Beyond Phase III, a new terminal building (Henri Coandă 2) at the eastern end of the current location is envisaged. Henri Coandă 2 will be of a modular design, consisting of four separate buildings, each capable of handling 5 million passengers annually. Each module will be built as traffic demands dictate. By 2030, Terminal 2 alone should be able to handle the expected volume of 20 million passengers per year. The terminal will be directly connected to the A3 motorway, to the railway system, and to the Bucharest Metro system through Metro Line 6.[12] However, the plans might get delayed due to funding problems. There is a chance however that, if funds can be allocated in time, the airport can open its new terminal by 2025.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Seasonal charter: Chania, Corfu, Heraklion, Kos, Mykonos, Rhodes, Santorini, Zakynthos
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air Bucharest Seasonal charter: Antalya,[13] Dubai–Al Maktoum,[13] Bodrum, Enfidha,[13] Heraklion, Hurghada,[13] Rhodes, Sharm El Sheikh[13]
Air Canada Seasonal: Montréal-Trudeau[14], Toronto-Pearson[15]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Malta Seasonal: Malta
Air Serbia Belgrade
Animawings Charter: Antalya, Bodrum, Enfidha, Heraklion, Tenerife-South, Thessaloniki, Preveza, Zakynthos[16]
Arkia Seasonal: Tel Aviv[17]
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Blue Air[18] Amsterdam (begins 4 September 2020), Bacău (begins 1 October 2020),[19] Beauvais, Birmingham, Bologna, Brussels, Cluj-Napoca, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Dublin, Florence, Glasgow, Hamburg, Helsinki, Iași, Larnaca, Liverpool, London–Luton, Lyon, Málaga, Milan–Malpensa, Munich, Naples, Nice, Oradea,[20] Oslo–Gardermoen, Rome–Fiumicino, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tel Aviv, Timișoara,[21] Valencia
Seasonal: Catania, Palma de Mallorca
Seasonal charter: Antalya,[22] Hurghada[22]
Bluebird Airways Seasonal: Tel Aviv
British Airways London–Heathrow
Corendon Airlines Antalya, Bodrum, Gazipasa, Hurghada, Marrakech
Croatia Airlines Seasonal: Zagreb[23]
Czech Airlines Prague
El Al Tel Aviv
Ellinair Seasonal: Heraklion, Thessaloniki
Eurowings Düsseldorf, Stuttgart[24]
flydubai Dubai–International
Iberia Express Seasonal: Madrid
Israir Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv
KLM Amsterdam
LOT Polish Airlines Budapest,[25] Warsaw–Chopin
Seasonal: Kraków[26]
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Nouvelair Seasonal charter: Monastir, Tunis
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Qatar Airways Doha, Sofia[27]
Ryanair Athens, Bergamo, Berlin–Schönefeld, Bologna, Bristol, Charleroi, Dublin, Edinburgh, London–Stansted, London–Southend, Madrid, Marseille, Milan–Malpensa, Palermo, Paphos, Pisa, Rome–Ciampino, Timișoara, Vienna
Seasonal: Chania, Palma de Mallorca (begins 28 March 2021),[28] Pescara
Scandinavian Airlines Seasonal: Copenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen[29]
SunExpress Seasonal: Antalya
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
TAROM[30] Amman–Queen Alia, Amsterdam, Athens, Baia Mare, Barcelona, Beirut, Belgrade, Brussels, Budapest, Cairo, Chișinău, Cluj-Napoca, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Iași, Istanbul, London–Heathrow, Madrid, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Munich, Nice, Oradea, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Rome–Fiumicino, Satu Mare, Sofia, Suceava, Tel Aviv, Thessaloniki, Timișoara, Vienna
Seasonal: Alicante, Larnaca, Lyon, Turin, Valencia
Seasonal charter: Antalya, Bodrum, Corfu, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Skiathos, Tenerife–South, Zakynthos
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Tunisair Seasonal: Tunis
Ukraine International AirlinesKiev–Boryspil
VuelingSeasonal: Barcelona, Bilbao, Madrid
Windrose AirlinesKiev–Boryspil[31]
Seasonal: Ivano-Frankivsk[32]
Wizz AirAbu Dhabi,[33] Alghero, Alicante, Barcelona, Bari, Basel/Mulhouse, Beauvais, Bergamo, Bergen (begins 8 August 2020),[34] Billund, Birmingham, Bologna, Cagliari (begins 13 August 2020),[35] Castellón, Catania, Charleroi, Copenhagen (begins 10 August 2020),[36] Doncaster/Sheffield, Dortmund, Edinburgh, Eindhoven, Geneva, Hamburg (begins 9 August 2020),[37] Karlsruhe (begins 10 August 2020),[38] Lisbon, Liverpool, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, London–Southend, Lyon,[39] Madrid, Málaga, Malmö, Malta, Memmingen (begins 8 August 2020),[40] Naples, Nice, Nuremberg, Pisa, Prague,[41] Rome–Ciampino, Saint Petersburg, Salzburg,[42] Sandefjord, Santander, Seville,[43] Stockholm–Skavsta, Tel Aviv, Tenerife–South, Treviso, Turin, Valencia, Vienna,[44] Warsaw–Chopin, Zaragoza
Seasonal: Eilat[citation needed], Heraklion,[45] Mykonos (begins 11 August 2020),[46] Palma de Mallorca (begins 9 August 2020),[47] Santorini (begins 9 August 2020)[48]

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
DHL Aviation[citation needed] Bergamo, Budapest, Chișinău, Cluj-Napoca, Milan-Malpensa, Treviso
UPS Airlines[49] Cologne/Bonn
Turkish Cargo[50] Istanbul-Atatürk

Statistics[edit]

Passengers[edit]

The older of two check-in halls
Arrivals hall
The newer check-in hall

In 2018, 13,824,830 passengers passed through the airport, an increase of 7.95% compared to 2017.[51]

In 2018, the airport handled 13.8 million passengers (63.3% of the total number of passengers carried by Romanian airports) and 39,534 tons of cargo (81.4% of the total amount of cargo handled by Romanian airports).[52]

Annual traffic
Year Passengers (total)[51] Change[51] Passengers (domestic flights) Aircraft movements[53] Cargo (tonnes)
2005 2,972,799
-
-
49,593 16,887
2006 3,497,938 Increase 17.6%
-
55,056 18,089
2007 4,937,683 Increase 41.1% 410,916 67,372 17,423
2008 5,063,555 Increase 2.5% 497,208 69,916 22,464
2009 4,480,765 Decrease 11.5% 496,391 69,692 21,585
2010 4,916,964 Increase 9.7%
-
71,481
-
2011 5,049,443 Increase 2.7%
-
-
-
2012 7,120,024 Increase 41%
-
98,600 26,493
2013 7,643,467 Increase 7.3%
-
86,730 28,432
2014 8,316,705 Increase 8.8%
-
91,788 29,193
2015 9,282,884 Increase 11.6% 502,928 97,218 31,421
2016 10,982,967 Increase 18.3% 872,915 108,285 34,125
2017 12,804,191 Increase 16.6% 1,289,596 116,718 37,415
2018 13,824,830 Increase 7.95%
-
122,966
-
2019 14,697,239 Increase 6.34%
-
-
-
Passenger Totals 2005-2018 (millions)
2018
Month Passengers[51] Change (2017–2018) Passengers Cumulatively
January 907,630 Increase 7.1% 907,630
February 847,200 Increase 4.7% 1,754,830
March 1,005,602 Increase 6.7% 2,760,432
April 1,139,852 Increase 9% 3,900,284
May 1,182,105 Increase 7.2% 5,082,389
June 1,254,710 Increase 7.4% 6,337,099
July 1,394,908 Increase 8.9% 7,732,007
August 1,424,175 Increase 7.9% 9,156,182
September 1,339,889 Increase 8.2% 10,496,071
October 1,238,860 Increase 7.3% 11,734,931
November 1,063,278 Increase 11.1% 12,798,209
December 1,026,621 Increase % 13,824,830

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest Domestic Routes from Henri Coandă International Airport
Rank Airport Passengers 2016 Passengers 2017 Passengers 2018 Carriers
1 Romania Cluj Airport
289,665
493,956
489,757
Blue Air, TAROM
2 Romania Timișoara Airport
219,070
356,684
410,140
Ryanair, TAROM
3 Romania Iași Airport
285,085
297,879
286,728
Blue Air, TAROM
Sources:Eurostat,[54] INSSE[55]

Ground transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

A direct train service to the main railway station, Gara de Nord (Bucharest North), runs from the Airport railway station, about 900 meters from the airport. Shuttle buses connect this station with the departures and arrivals halls; the tickets are valid for the train and for the transfer bus.[56] As of June 2020, works are being carried out to an overpass, that will connect the existing railway to the parking lot of the Arrivals hall. The new station will link the Gara de Nord railway station to the airport in 20 minutes.[57] The frequency of the service is estimated to be every 10 minutes.

A new Metro Line M6 is also planned, connecting the airport to the Gara de Nord train station, and integrating the airport into the Bucharest Metro network.[58]

RATB Route 783 diagram (connections to Bucharest Metro lines shown)

Bus[edit]

Henri Coandă Airport is connected to the public transport company STB system. The 780 route provides express bus service to Gara de Nord and Gara Basarab railway stations in Bucharest and the routes 783 and 784 provide express bus service to the city center (Piața Unirii).[59] Route 783 to the city center is running 24 hours a day.

Car[edit]

The airport is 16.5 km (10.3 mi) north of central Bucharest, to which it is connected by route DN1. The A3 motorway will connect the future terminal 2 and the city.

Taxi[edit]

As of May 2013, taxis serving Henri Coandă Airport can be ordered using a touch screen system in the arrivals terminal, allowing the taxi drivers to enter the pick-up area. This measure was taken after many complaints from passengers who were being ripped off when using illegal, high-price taxis.[60]

Uber and Bolt are also available at the airport.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "EAD Basic – Error Page". Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  2. ^ "Bucharest Airports - Bucharest Henri Coandă International Airport - Bucharest Henri Coandă International Airport". www.bucharestairports.ro.
  3. ^ "TAROM S.A. – Identification Data
  4. ^ "Contact." Henri Coandă International Airport. Retrieved on 1 December 2011. "The National Company "Bucharest Airports" S.A. Calea Bucurestilor nr. 224 E Otopeni, Ilfov County Postal code 075150 Romania" – Address in Romanian: "Compania Națională "Aeroporturi București" S.A. Calea Bucureștilor nr. 224 E Otopeni, județul Ilfov Cod postal 075150 România"
  5. ^ a b c d AIHCB 2007 Report at bucharestairports.ro
  6. ^ a b c "Archived copy" (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 2012-03-30. Retrieved 2011-08-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Romanian Ministry of Transportation – Descriptive Note – Otopeni Airport Development Strategy
  7. ^ a b "Bucharest Airport Archived 2011-11-11 at the Wayback Machine at a10.eu
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  14. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/292635/air-canada-rouge-767-service-replacement-as-of-1800gmt-22jul20/
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  50. ^ turkishcargo.com - Flight Schedule retrieved 24 July 2020
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External links[edit]

Media related to Henri Coandă International Airport at Wikimedia Commons