Henri Coandă International Airport

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Bucharest Henri Coandă International Airport

Aeroportul Internațional Henri Coandă București
Aeroporturi București logo.png
Henri Coandă International Airport, March 2013.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic / Military
OwnerMinistry of Transport and Infrastructure
OperatorThe National Company "Bucharest Airports" S.A.
ServesBucharest metropolitan area
LocationOtopeni
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL314 ft / 96 m
Coordinates44°34′16″N 26°05′06″E / 44.57111°N 26.08500°E / 44.57111; 26.08500Coordinates: 44°34′16″N 26°05′06″E / 44.57111°N 26.08500°E / 44.57111; 26.08500
Websitebucharestairports.ro
Map
OTP is located in Romania
OTP
OTP
Location within Romania
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
08R/26L 3,500 11,484 Concrete
08L/26R 3,500 11,484 Concrete
Helipads
Number Length Surface
m ft
H1 3.5 11 Concrete
Statistics (2021)
Passengers6,914,610
Passengers change 2020–21Increase 55.16%
Aircraft movements72,190
Sources: Romanian AIP at Eurocontrol,[1] bucharestairports.ro[2]

Bucharest Henri Coandă International Airport (Romanian: Aeroportul Internațional Henri Coandă București) (IATA: OTP, ICAO: LROP) is Romania's busiest international airport, located in Otopeni, 16.5 km (10.3 mi) north of Bucharest's city centre.[1] It is currently one of the two airports serving the capital of Romania. The other is Aurel Vlaicu Airport, which no longer serves scheduled passenger traffic.

The airport is named after Romanian flight pioneer Henri Coandă, builder of Coandă-1910 aircraft and discoverer of the Coandă effect of fluidics. Prior to May 2004, the official name was Bucharest Otopeni International Airport (Romanian: Aeroportul Internațional București Otopeni). Henri Coandă International Airport serves as headquarters for TAROM, the country's national airline.[3] It also serves as a base of operations for low-cost airlines Animawings, Ryanair and Wizz Air and charter airlines Air Bucharest. It is managed by The National Company Bucharest Airports S.A. (Compania Națională Aeroporturi București S.A.).[4] The military section of the airport is used by the 90th Airlift Flotilla of the Romanian Air Force.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

During World War II, the airport in Otopeni was used as an airbase by the German Air Force. Until 1965, it was a major airfield for the Romanian Air Force, with Băneasa Airport serving as Bucharest's commercial airport. In 1965, with the growth of air traffic, the Otopeni airbase was converted to a commercial airport. The runway was modernized and extended to 3,500 metres (11,500 ft) from the previous 1,200 metres (3,900 ft), making it one of the longest in Europe at that time.[5]

In August 1969, when United States President Richard Nixon visited Romania, a VIP lounge was inaugurated. A new passenger terminal (designed by Cezar Lăzărescu), with a capacity of 1,200,000 passengers per year, was opened on 13 April 1970, for domestic and international flights.[5] An improvement program added a second runway in 1986, expanding capacity to 35 aircraft movements per hour.[5]

In 1992, Otopeni Airport became a regular member of Airports Council International (ACI).

Expansion since the 1990s[edit]

The first stage of the plan (Phase I), taking place between 1994 and 1998, involved the construction of a new departures terminal and of a new airside concourse with five jetways and nine gates (referred to as 'the Finger') as well as the extension of airport ramps and of their associated taxiways.[6]

The second phase (labeled Phase II/IIe) of the plan led to the construction of a terminal dedicated to domestic flights and of a multi-story car park (2003), the complete overhaul of the control tower (between 2005 and 2007) as well as the transformation of the old terminal building in a dedicated arrivals hall (in 2000). During the same phase, two high-speed taxiways (Victor and Whiskey) were constructed. Phase II was completed in 2007.[6]

Meanwhile, TAROM axed its service to New York City in November 2003, as it was losing a great deal of money on the flight.[7][8] Delta Air Lines began plying the same route four years later with Boeing 767s.[9] In late 2008, the company decided to suspend the link that winter and resume it seasonally in summer 2009.[10] The 2009 season started in June and was supposed to run until October; however, Delta pulled out of Bucharest altogether in September. According to a representative of Delta's joint-venture partner Air France–KLM, the carrier made this decision due to the recession and the poor financial performance of the service.[11]

The third stage of the plan (Phase III), which started in 2009, involved the extension of the airside concourse ('the Finger') with 15 new gates (nine of which have jetways), as well as the expansion of the Departure Hall (with 8 new gates). The airside concourse extension, designed by Studio Capelli Architettura & Associati, and measuring 17,000 square metres (200,000 sq ft), was inaugurated on 29 March 2011.[6][12] It was followed, in November 2012, by the extension of the Departure Hall to a total area of 38,600 square metres (400,000 sq ft).[13][14]

In March 2012, all air traffic except for business air traffic was transferred from Aurel Vlaicu International Airport (at that time Bucharest's low-cost hub) to Henri Coandă International Airport.[citation needed] Air Canada Rouge introduced seasonal routes to Toronto and Montreal in June 2018.[15]

Terminals[edit]

The airport's facilities consist of a single terminal with three main facilities (colloquially referred to as "Terminals"): the Departures Hall/Terminal, the Arrivals Hall/Terminal, and the Finger Terminal (the airside concourse).[16] A walkway with shops connects the departures and arrivals buildings. The airside concourse is organized in two (domestic and international) passengers flows.[17] The entire terminal has 104 check-in desks, 38 gates (of which 14 are equipped with jetways),[13] and a total floor area of 86,000 square metres (930,000 sq ft).[5][12][14]

Future development[edit]

Beyond Phase III, a new terminal building (Henri Coandă 2) at the eastern end of the current location is envisaged. Henri Coandă 2 will be of a modular design, consisting of four separate buildings, each capable of handling 5 million passengers annually. Each module will be built as traffic demands dictate. By 2030, Terminal 2 alone should be able to handle the expected volume of 20 million passengers per year. The terminal will be directly connected to the A3 motorway and to the railway system. However, the plans might get delayed due to funding problems. There is a chance however that, if funds can be allocated in time, the airport can open its new terminal by 2025.

On 18 January 2021, it has been announced that the airport purchased all the land it needs in order to begin the expansion.[18][19] However, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, work is set to begin in 2023.[18]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights at Bucharest Henri Coandă Airport:

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens, Larnaca[20]
AeroItaliaBergamo (begins 26 March 2023),[21] Florence (begins 19 December 2022)[22]
Air Bucharest Seasonal charter: Antalya,[23] Bodrum,[23] Enfidha,[23] Hurghada,[23] Sharm El Sheikh[23]
Air Connect Baia Mare (begins 27 March 2023),[24][25] Budapest (begins 28 March 2023),[24][26] Sibiu (begins 27 March 2023),[24][27] Suceava (begins 27 March 2023),[24][28] Târgu Mureș (begins 28 March 2023)[24][29]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Moldova Seasonal: Chișinău[30]
Air Serbia Belgrade
airBaltic Seasonal: Riga (begins 1 May 2023)[31]
Animawings Seasonal: Chania (begins 26 June 2023),[32] Corfu (resumes 7 June 2023),[33] Heraklion, Kefalonia (begins 28 June 2023),[34] Kos (begins 24 June 2023),[35] Mykonos (begins 30 June 2023),[36] Rhodes, Santorini (begins 3 July 2023),[37] Zakynthos
Seasonal charter: Agadir,[38] Krabi,[39] Marrakesh,[40] Mombasa,[41] Phuket,[39] Zanzibar[42]
Arkia Seasonal: Tel Aviv[43]
Austrian Airlines Vienna
British Airways London–Heathrow
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Antalya[44]
Croatia Airlines Seasonal: Split[45]
El Al Tel Aviv
Eurowings Düsseldorf, Stuttgart[46]
flydubai Dubai–International
HiSky Brussels,[47] Cluj-Napoca,[48] Dublin (begins 7 December 2022),[49] Málaga (begins 11 December 2022),[50] Timisoara,[48] Tel Aviv[48]
Seasonal charter: Mombasa (begins 28 November 2022),[51] Salalah,[51] Zanzibar (begins 29 November 2022)[51]
KLM Amsterdam
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg[52]
Norwegian Air Shuttle Oslo (begins 23 June 2023)[53]
Pegasus Airlines Ankara,[54] Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Antalya[55]
Qatar Airways Doha
Ryanair[56] Bergamo, Berlin, Birmingham,[57] Bologna, Bristol, Charleroi, Dublin, Edinburgh, Genoa,[58] London–Stansted, Madrid, Malta,[59] Manchester,[60] Marseille, Milan–Malpensa, Naples, Palermo, Paphos, Perugia,[61] Pescara, Pisa, Rome–Ciampino, Tel Aviv, Thessaloniki,[57] Timișoara, Treviso,[57] Vienna
Seasonal: Amman–Queen Alia, Chania, Corfu, Palma de Mallorca,[62] Sofia,[63] Zadar[64]
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
TAROM[65] Amman–Queen Alia, Amsterdam, Athens, Baia Mare, Beirut, Belgrade, Brussels, Budapest, Cairo, Chișinău, Cluj-Napoca, Frankfurt, Iași, Istanbul, London–Heathrow, Madrid, Munich, Oradea, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Rome–Fiumicino, Satu Mare, Sofia, Suceava, Tel Aviv, Thessaloniki, Timișoara
Turkish AirlinesIstanbul
VuelingSeasonal: Barcelona[66]
Wizz AirAarhus,[67] Abu Dhabi,[68] Alghero, Alicante, Ancona (begins 13 December 2022),[69] Athens,[70] Barcelona, Bari, Basel/Mulhouse, Beauvais, Bergamo, Billund, Birmingham, Bologna, Cardiff,[71] Castellón, Catania, Charleroi, Copenhagen,[72] Dortmund, Edinburgh, Eindhoven, Geneva, Jeddah (begins 10 January 2023),[73] Larnaca,[74] Leeds/Bradford,[75] Lisbon, Liverpool, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, Lyon,[76] Madrid, Málaga, Malmö, Malta, Memmingen,[72] Naples, Nice, Nuremberg, Pisa, Prague,[77] Rimini,[78] Riyadh (begins 9 January 2023),[79] Rome–Fiumicino, Sandefjord, Santander, Seville,[80] Stockholm–Skavsta, Tel Aviv, Tenerife–South, Treviso, Turin, Valencia, Vienna, Zaragoza
Seasonal: Aqaba,[81] Corfu,[82] Dubai–International,[83] Gran Canaria,[84] Heraklion,[85] Mykonos,[72] Palma de Mallorca,[86] Preveza/Lefkada,[87] Santorini,[72] Zakynthos[88]

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
DHL Aviation[89] Leipzig/Halle, Milan-Malpensa
Turkish Cargo[90][91] Istanbul
UPS Airlines[92]Cologne/Bonn

Statistics[edit]

Passengers[edit]

The older of two check-in halls
Arrivals hall
The newer check-in hall

In 2018, 13,824,830 passengers passed through the airport, an increase of 7.95% compared to 2017.[93] In 2018, the airport handled 13.8 million passengers (63.3% of the total number of passengers carried by Romanian airports) and 39,534 tons of cargo (81.4% of the total amount of cargo handled by Romanian airports).[94]


Annual passenger traffic at OTP airport. See Wikidata query.
Annual traffic
Year Passengers (total)[93] Change[93] Passengers (domestic flights) Aircraft movements[95] Cargo (tonnes)
2005 2,972,799 - - 49,593 16,887
2006 3,497,938 Increase 17.6% - 55,056 18,089
2007 4,937,683 Increase 41.1% 410,916 67,372 17,423
2008 5,063,555 Increase 2.5% 497,208 69,916 22,464
2009 4,480,765 Decrease 11.5% 496,391 69,692 21,585
2010 4,916,964 Increase 9.7% - 71,481 -
2011 5,049,443 Increase 2.7% - - -
2012 7,120,024 Increase 41% - 98,600 26,493
2013 7,643,467 Increase 7.3% - 86,730 28,432
2014 8,316,705 Increase 8.8% - 91,788 29,193
2015 9,282,884 Increase 11.6% 502,928 97,218 31,421
2016 10,982,967 Increase 18.3% 872,915 108,285 34,125
2017 12,804,191 Increase 16.6% 1,289,596 116,718 37,415
2018 13,824,830 Increase 7.95% - 122,966 -
2019 14,697,239 Increase 6.34% - - -
2020 4,456,577 Decrease 59.68%
2021 6,914,610 Increase 55.2%
2018
Month Passengers[93] Change (2017–2018) Passengers Cumulatively
January 907,630 Increase 7.1% 907,630
February 847,200 Increase 4.7% 1,754,830
March 1,005,602 Increase 6.7% 2,760,432
April 1,139,852 Increase 9% 3,900,284
May 1,182,105 Increase 7.2% 5,082,389
June 1,254,710 Increase 7.4% 6,337,099
July 1,394,908 Increase 8.9% 7,732,007
August 1,424,175 Increase 7.9% 9,156,182
September 1,339,889 Increase 8.2% 10,496,071
October 1,238,860 Increase 7.3% 11,734,931
November 1,063,278 Increase 11.1% 12,798,209
December 1,026,621 Increase % 13,824,830

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest Domestic Routes from Henri Coandă International Airport
Rank Airport Passengers 2016 Passengers 2017 Passengers 2018 Carriers
1 Romania Cluj Airport 289,665 493,956 489,757 Blue Air, TAROM
2 Romania Timișoara Airport 219,070 356,684 410,140 Ryanair, TAROM, HiSky
3 Romania Iași Airport 285,085 297,879 286,728 Blue Air, TAROM
Sources:Eurostat,[96] INSSE[97]

Ground transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

An airport rail link service to the main railway station, Gara de Nord (Bucharest North), runs from the Airport railway station located near the parking lot of the Arrivals hall.[98] As of August 2021, the trains, alternately operated by CFR and TFC depart every 40 minutes, seven days a week. A one-way trip takes 15-20 minutes.[98]

TFC Train parked at OTP station

A new Metro Line M6 is also planned, connecting the airport to the Gara de Nord train station, and integrating the airport into the Bucharest Metro network.[99]

RATB Route 783 diagram (connections to Bucharest Metro lines shown)

Bus[edit]

Henri Coandă Airport is connected to the public transport company STB system. The 783 route provides express bus service to the city center (Piața Unirii).[100] Route 783 to the city center is running 24 hours a day.

Car[edit]

The airport is 16.5 km (10.3 mi) north of central Bucharest, to which it is connected by route DN1. The A3 motorway will connect the future terminal 2 and the city.

Taxi[edit]

As of May 2013, taxis serving Henri Coandă Airport can be ordered using a touch screen system in the arrivals terminal, allowing the taxi drivers to enter the pick-up area. This measure was taken after many complaints from passengers who were being ripped off when using illegal, high-price taxis.[101]

Uber and Bolt are also available at the airport.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 31 March 1995, TAROM Flight 371, an Airbus A310-324 registered as YR-LCC, simultaneously experienced asymmetric thrust during climb and one of the pilots being incapacitated. The plane crashed near Baloteşti just two minutes after takeoff. All 60 people aboard were killed.[102]
  • On 30 December 2007, a TAROM Boeing 737-300 (YR-BGC "Constanța"), flying Flight 3107 hit a car on the runway while taking off for Sharm-el-Sheikh. The aircraft stopped beside the runway and was severely damaged.[103]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

Media related to Henri Coandă International Airport at Wikimedia Commons