14 July 1891|
|Died||27 July 1981
In 1926, he defended his thesis on "the vegetation of the eastern half of the Pyrenees", which laid the foundation for future work on the border between biogeography and vegetation mapping. Gaussen was an early advocate of the ideas of stages and vegetation succession, which are fundamental to phytogeography. His work allowed for the production of a vegetation map of France at a scale of 1/200 000 (completed after his death by the service of the CNRS, but which he had created and directed) and many similar projects in other countries. His work led to many advanced phytogeographic tools such as "Gaussen index", the "xerothermic index" and "ombrothermic diagram ". As recognition for his scientific work in mapping of vegetation cover and ecology, he received in 1971 the Grand Prix of the Geographical Society for geographical research and publications.
He was also responsible for the creation in 1922 of the Arboretum de Jouéou, and for the strength and reputation of teaching and research in botany at the University of Toulouse. A great traveller, he was also the creator of a science section at the French Institute of Pondicherry. He worked with Flora Europaea as a regional adviser for France.
Henri Gaussen spent his entire career as a professor at Toulouse, where he was also in 1958 elected as a "mainteneur" (council member) of the Académie des Jeux floraux.
- Les cultures en terrasses dans le bassin méditerranéen occidental in Annales de géographie, tome 36, 1927
- Géographie des Plantes, Librairie Armand Colin, 1933, (222 pages, 8 cartes et figures)
- Les gymnospermes actuelles et fossiles, Travaux du laboratoire forestier de Toulouse 2, 1946-1979
- Le dynamisme des biocénoses végétales, Colloque international du CNRS sur l'écologie. P., février 1950
- Montagnes, la vie aux hautes altitudes, Horizons de France, 1955 (avec Paul Barruel)
- Habitations humaines dans les Pyrénées et les Alpes, in La Montagne, Club alpin français, décembre 1966
Taxa named after Gaussen
- (Aizoaceae) Opophytum gaussenii (Leredde) H.Jacobsen ex Greuter & Burdet
- (Araliaceae) Brassaiopsis gaussenii Bui
- (Asteraceae) Leontodon gaussenii Sennen
- (Campanulaceae) Phyteuma gaussenii Chouard
- (Cupressaceae) Juniperus gaussenii Cheng
- (Elaeocarpaceae) Elaeocarpus gaussenii Weibel
- (Moraceae) Dorstenia gaussenii J.Troch. & Koechl.
- (Pinaceae) Pseudotsuga gaussenii Flous
- (Podocarpaceae) Afrocarpus gaussenii (Woltz) C.N.Page
- (Ulmaceae) Ulmus gaussenii
- The Henri Gaussen Prize
- Presented by the Académie des sciences, inscriptions et belles-lettres de Toulouse, this prize is awarded annually for a scientific work on the Pyrenees mountain range.
- The City of Toulouse honours him with the Boulevard Henri Gaussen, in the Minimes quarter.
- village of Miglos in the Ariege, Castle Miglos. Photos from the Henri Gaussen database. see also Miglos
- Stages and vegetation zones of France, Gaussen, 1938.
- Chrono-Biographical Sketch of Gaussen from Smith at WKU
- Gaussen at balades-pyrenees.com
- Henri Gaussen database, founded on photos taken by himself
- IPNI. Gaussen.
- Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 85(7): 62. 2000 (IK)
- Willdenowia 10(2): 232. 1980 (IK)
- Adansonia sér. 2, 6: 440. 1966 (IK)
- Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 1932, xxxii. 92 (IK)
- Bull. Soc. Bot. France 99: 26, in adnot. 1952 (IK)
- in Trav. Lab. Forest. Toulouse Tome 1. iii. Art. 8, 3 1940 (IK)
- Candollea 27(1): 17. 1972 (IK)
- Bull. Soc. Bot. France 106: 142. 1959 (IK)
- Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Toulouse 69: 417. 1936 (IK)
- Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 45(2): 384. 1989 (IK)