Born in Auxerre, Yonne, Gouhier's studies led to a doctorate in 1926. He served as the Professor of philosophy at a lycée in Troyes from 1925 to 1928. Then he taught at the Faculty of Arts at the University of Lille between 1929 and 1940; subsequently, he taught at the University of Bordeaux during 1940 and 1941.
He died in Paris.
- Commander of the Legion of Honor
- Grand Officer of the Ordre National du Mérite
- Commander of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres
- Derek Robbins, "Pierre Bourdieu, 1930-2002," Theory, Culture & Society 19:3 (2002), 13