Henri Hinrichsen

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Henri Hinrichsen
VerlagsgebäudeEditionPeters.JPG
Residence and office of Hinrichsen, the music publishing house C. F. Peters
Born(1868-02-05)5 February 1868
Died17 September 1942(1942-09-17) (aged 74)
OccupationMusic publisher
Organization
AwardsHonorary doctorate

Henri Hinrichsen (5 February 1868 – 17 September 1942) was a German music publisher and patron of music in Leipzig. He directed the music publishing house C. F. Peters, succeeding his uncle. He helped found the Hochschule für Frauen zu Leipzig, the first academy for women in Germany, and financed the acquisition of a collection of musical instruments by the University of Leipzig. He was murdered at the Auschwitz concentration camp.

Career[edit]

Stolpersteine for the Hinrichsen family in front of the Musikbibliothek Peters [de] in Leipzig
Memorial for Dr. Henri Hinrichsen and family at the Südfriedhof in Leipzig

Born in Hamburg, Hinrichsen trained to be a music seller and publisher in Leipzig, Basel, Brussels and London.[1] He married Martha (née Bendix, 1879–1941) in 1898. The couple had two daughters and five sons.[2]

Hinrichsen worked from 15 May 1891 for the music publisher C. F. Peters, which belonged to his uncle Max Abraham. On 1 January 1894, he became a part owner[3] and after the suicide of his uncle in 1900 was the sole director of the publishing house.[1] He published works by his contemporaries, such as Johannes Brahms and Edvard Grieg, who was his friend and had a room on the upper floor of the building which housed both the business and the family.[3] He was the first to add works by Gustav Mahler, Hans Pfitzner, Max Reger, Arnold Schönberg and Hugo Wolf to the house's products, and in 1932, he acquired the rights to seven early tone poems by Richard Strauss.[3] He introduced critical editions called Urtext.[3]

Hinrichsen was a Geheimer Kommerzienrat, Handelsrichter and Stadtverordneter in Leipzig.[4] He was awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Leipzig in 1929.[1]

In 1911, Hinrichsen was a patron of the Hochschule für Frauen zu Leipzig [de], the first academy for women in Germany,[3] founded by Henriette Goldschmidt (1825–1920), whose work he supported.[5] In 1921, it was continued as the Sozialpädagisches Frauenseminar by the city of Leipzig but still financially sponsored by Hinrichsen.[5] In 1926, he donated 200,000 Reichsmarks to the University of Leipzig to enable it to acquire a collection of musical instruments (Musikinstrumenten-Sammlung Wilhelm Heyer) from Cologne.[4][6] It became the foundation of today's Museum of Musical Instruments of Leipzig University.[3][6]

Hinrichsen was a nationally-minded German who had been recognized by Wilhelm II, the German emperor. He therefore felt safe in the changed environment of the 1930s.[1] In 1938, he lost ownership of the publishing house as a result of the Arisierung laws.[3][7] In 1940, he travelled to Brussels and applied for visas for England and the United States. His son Max Hinrichsen (1901–1965) had already emigrated in the 1930s and founded the Peters Edition in London.[3] His other son, Walter Hinrichsen (1907–1969), had left Germany in 1936 and founded the C.F. Peters Corporation in New York City.[3] Henri Hinrichsen did not receive a visa. His wife died in Brussels on 7 October 1941, because as a Jew she could not get insulin to treat her diabetes.[2] Henri Hinrichsen was deported to the Auschwitz concentration camp, where he was murdered on 17 September 1942.[2]

Awards and honors[edit]

On 29 May 1929, Hinrichsen received an honorary doctorate from the Philosophical Faculty of the University of Leipzig.[1] In 1949, Arnold Schoenberg dedicated a revised version of his Fünf Orchesterstücke, Op. 16, to his memory: "This new edition is dedicated to the memory of Henri Hinrichsen, a music publisher who was a great seigneur."[8] After the grave monument of the Abraham/Hinrichsen family in the Südfriedhof was razed in the 1980s, a statue recalling the former location was erected in 1992.[9] A bust of Hinrichsen is displayed in a staircase of the Grassi Museum in Leipzig. In 2001, a street in Leipzig's Waldstraßenviertel was named after him.[9]

Literature[edit]

  • Irene Lawford-Hinrichsen: Music Publishing and Patronage - C. F. Peters: 1800 to the Holocaust. London: Edition Press 2000 ISBN 0953611205
  • Sophie Fetthauer: Musikverlage im "Dritten Reich" und im Exil. (Musik im "Dritten Reich" und im Exil, vol. 10) Von Bockel Verlag Hamburg 2004 ISBN 3-932696-52-2
  • Irene Lawford-Hinrichsen; Norbert Molkenbur: C. F. Peters - ein deutscher Musikverlag im Leipziger Kulturleben. Zum Wirken von Max Abraham und Henri Hinrichsen. In: Ephraim-Carlebach-Stiftung (ed.): Judaica Lipsiensia: Zur Geschichte der Juden in Leipzig. Leipzig: Edition Leipzig, 1994. pp. 92–109
  • Irene Lawford-Hinrichsen: Five Hundred Years to Auschwitz : A Family Odyssey from the Inquisition to the Present. Bertrams 2008. ISBN 0953611213.
  • Annerose Kemp; Eberhard Ulm: Henriette-Goldschmidt-Schule 1911–2011. Leipzig 2011.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Fetthauer, Sophie. "Henri Hinrichsen". Lexikon verfolgter Musiker und Musikerinnen der NS-Zeit (in German). University of Hamburg. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "Familie Hinrichsen". stolpersteine-leipzig.de (in German). Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Company History". Edition Peters. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  4. ^ a b Bucholtz, Erika (2001). "Henri Hinrichsen und der Musikverlag C. F. Peters : deutsch-jüdisches Bürgertum in Leipzig von 1891 bis 1938". Schriftenreihe wissenschaftlicher Abhandlungen des Leo-Baeck-Instituts (in German). Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck. pp. 17, 255. ISBN 3-16-147638-7.
  5. ^ a b "Henri Hinrichsen (1868–1942)". goldschmidtschule-leipzig.de (in German). Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  6. ^ a b Heise, Birgit (2004). "Reich an Klanggeräten / dank 800 000 Goldmark / 75 Jahre Musikinstrumentenmuseum" (PDF). Universität Leipzig (in German). University of Leipzig (129–130). Retrieved 18 January 2019.
  7. ^ Zeraschi, Helmut: Geschichte des Museums, in: Schriftenreihe des Musikinstrumenten-Museums der Karl-Marx-Universität, Vol. 2. Leipzig: Musikinstrumenten-Museum der Karl-Marx-Universität 1977.
  8. ^ "Fünf Orchesterstücke in der Originalfassung für großes Orchester op. 16". schoenbergmusic.com. Retrieved 18 January 2019.
  9. ^ a b "Bedeutende jüdische Persönlichkeiten in Leipzig" (in German). MDR. 22 June 2005. Retrieved 18 January 2019.

External links[edit]