Henri Longchambon

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Henri Longchambon
Born27 July 1896
Died20 March 1969 (1969-03-21) (aged 72)
Alma materÉcole Normale Supérieure
University of Paris

Henri Longchambon (27 July 1896 in Clermont-Ferrand, Puy-de-Dôme – 20 March 1969 in Le Kremlin-Bicêtre) was a French politician and scientist.

Early life[edit]

Henri Longchambon was born on 27 July 1896 in Clermont-Ferrand, France.[1] His father, who worked at the University of Auvergne, died when he was thirteen years old.[2]

Longmachon passed his Baccalaureate in Clermont-Ferrand.[2] He served in the First World War from 1915 to 1918 and subsequently received the knighthood of the Legion of Honour.[2] He graduated from the École Normale Supérieure and passed the agrégation in Physics in 1921.[2] He received a PhD in Mineralogy from the University of Paris in 1925.[2]


Longchambon became an Assistant Professor at the University of Montpellier in 1925.[2] He was appointed as the chair of the department of Applied and Theoretical Mineralogy at the University of Lyon in 1927.[2] He succeeded Victor Grignard as Dean of its College of Sciences in 1936.[2]

Longchambon was Minister for Supply (French: Ministre du Ravitaillement) from 26 January 1946 to 24 June 1946 in the government of Félix Gouin, and later Secretary of State for Scientific Research and Technical Progress (French: Secrétaire d'État Recherche scientifique et Progrès technique) from 19 June 1954 to 23 February 1955 in the government of Pierre Mendès-France. He was elected at the French Senate on 5 May 1959, was reelected on 4 October 1962 and remained a senator until his death.[1]


Longchambon died on 20 March 1969 in Le Kremlin-Bicêtre near Paris.[1]


  1. ^ a b c "LONGCHAMBON Henri". Senat. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Dosso, Diane (2006). "Chapter 4. Henri Longchambon (1896-1969), secrétaire d'État de Pierre Mendès France". In Chatriot, Alain; Duclert, Vincent (eds.). Le gouvernement de la recherche : Histoire d'un engagement politique, de Pierre Mendès France à Charles de Gaulle (1955-1969). Paris: Editions La Découverte. pp. 62–74. ISBN 9782707148100. OCLC 70258222. Retrieved April 3, 2016 – via Cairn.info.