Henri Moreau de Melen
Henri Moreau de Melen
|Minister of Justice|
27 November 1948 – 11 August 1949
|Preceded by||Paul Struye|
|Succeeded by||Albert Lilar|
|Minister of Defence|
8 June 1950 – 16 August 1950
|Preceded by||Albert Devèze|
|Succeeded by||Etienne De Greef|
|Born||20 August 1902|
|Died||31 May 1992|
|Political party||Christian Social Party PSC-CVP|
Eugène Ernest Marie Henri Moreau de Melen was a Belgian soldier and politician, most notable for holding the position of Minister of Justice and Minister of Defence. He resigned his office and served with the Belgian battalion during the Korean War (1950–1953).
Background and Personal Life
Moreau de Melen came from the Liège region of Belgium. His father, Eugène Moreau, was a professor at the University of Liège, husband of Marie Malherbe. He studied for a law degree and practiced as a lawyer in Liège. In 1940, at the outbreak of the Second World War he was conscripted into the Belgian Army. He was taken prisoner by German forces, and held as POW until 1945.
He married Marie-Louise Ancion (1904–63) in 1931. After her death, he re-married in 1970 to the Countess Jacqueline de Lalaing (1910–2006). He had no children.
Career and Resignation
His political career began in 1946 with the election as a member of the Senate in which he represented the interests of the District of Liège as a member of the Parti social chrétien (Christian Social Party).
He served as Justice Minister between 1948 and 1949. During his tenure as Minister of Defence under the Pholien government, the decision was taken to send Belgian forces to fight in the Korean War. Moreau de Melen was a staunch royalist, and was so disillusioned by the resignation of Leopold III in August 1950 following the scandal of the "Royal Question" that he resigned his ministerial post to enlist in the Belgian United Nations Command.
After his return from Korea, he returned to politics and resumed his position as senator for Liège which he held until 1968. In 1968, in recognition of his service to Belgium, he was ennobled and given the title "Baron".
- Henri Moreau de Melen, Mémoires. Au terme de la route, 1988.
- Thierry Grosbois, Moreau de Melen. Mémoires: de Léopold III à la Corée, Racine, Brussels 2009.