Henri Vaugeois

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Henri Vaugeois (April 25, 1864-April 11, 1916) was a French far right politician and one of the founders of Action Française.


Born in L'Aigle, Orne, Vaugeois settled in Coulommiers where he taught philosophy.[1] Initially a republican liberal,[1] Vaugeois even flirted with Marxism in his youth.[2] However he later came to side with the anti-Dreyfus camp and 1899 lost his teaching post after joining Paul Déroulède's half-hearted coup attempt.[1] In 1898 he had, along with Maurice Pujo, been the founder of the Comité de l'Action Française which Charles Maurras used as the basis of the movement.[3] Maurras soon convinced Vaugeois to abandon his republican ideals in favour of monarchism.[4]

Vaugeois was a weak politician and a poor speaker and as such did not gain much influence in the new movement, over and above directing the group's eponymous daily paper (which he and Pujo had initially founded).[5] Within the movement he became one of the strongest voices in support of anti-Semitism.[6]

He died in Paris, leaving behind a widow who was several years his junior.[7]


  • (1899). L'Action Française.
  • (1901). Au Conseil Supérieur de l'Instruction Publique.
  • (1901). Un Français chez le Duc d’Orléans.
  • (1902). Le Banquet de ″l'Étape″, 7 juillet 1902.
  • (1916). Notre Pays. Figures de France. Voyages d’Action Française. Le Temps de la Guerre.
  • (1917). La Morale de Kant dans l’Université de France.
  • (1928). L'Interrègne, 1793-19… La Fin de l'Erreur Française. Du Nationalisme Républicain au Nationalisme Intégral.


  1. ^ a b c Rees, Philip (1990). Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right Since 1890. New York: Simon & Shuster, p. 402.
  2. ^ Stuart, Robert (2006). Marxism and National Identity: Socialism, Nationalism, and National Socialism During the French fin de Siècle. SUNY Press, p. 142.
  3. ^ Carsten, F.L. (1982). The Rise of Fascism. University of California Press, p. 12.
  4. ^ Gildea, Robert (2008). Children of the Revolution: The French, 1799-1914. Harvard University Press, p. 277.
  5. ^ Rees (1990), p. 403.
  6. ^ Weber, Eugen (1962). Action Française: Royalism and Reaction in Twentieth Century France. Stanford University Press, p. 199.
  7. ^ Weber (1962), p. 112.

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