Born in L'Aigle, Orne, Vaugeois settled in Coulommiers where he taught philosophy. Initially a republican liberal, Vaugeois even flirted with Marxism in his youth. However he later came to side with the anti-Dreyfus camp and 1899 lost his teaching post after joining Paul Déroulède's half-hearted coup attempt. In 1898 he had, along with Maurice Pujo, been the founder of the Comité de l'Action Française which Charles Maurras used as the basis of the movement. Maurras soon convinced Vaugeois to abandon his republican ideals in favour of monarchism.
Vaugeois was a weak politician and a poor speaker and as such did not gain much influence in the new movement, over and above directing the group's eponymous daily paper (which he and Pujo had initially founded). Within the movement he became one of the strongest voices in support of anti-Semitism.
- (1899). L'Action Française.
- (1901). Au Conseil Supérieur de l'Instruction Publique.
- (1901). Un Français chez le Duc d’Orléans.
- (1902). Le Banquet de ″l'Étape″, 7 juillet 1902.
- (1916). Notre Pays. Figures de France. Voyages d’Action Française. Le Temps de la Guerre.
- (1917). La Morale de Kant dans l’Université de France.
- (1928). L'Interrègne, 1793-19… La Fin de l'Erreur Française. Du Nationalisme Républicain au Nationalisme Intégral.
- Rees, Philip (1990). Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right Since 1890. New York: Simon & Shuster, p. 402.
- Stuart, Robert (2006). Marxism and National Identity: Socialism, Nationalism, and National Socialism During the French fin de Siècle. SUNY Press, p. 142.
- Carsten, F.L. (1982). The Rise of Fascism. University of California Press, p. 12.
- Gildea, Robert (2008). Children of the Revolution: The French, 1799-1914. Harvard University Press, p. 277.
- Rees (1990), p. 403.
- Weber, Eugen (1962). Action Française: Royalism and Reaction in Twentieth Century France. Stanford University Press, p. 199.
- Weber (1962), p. 112.