Henrietta Harley, Countess of Oxford and Countess Mortimer

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Henrietta Harley, Countess of Oxford and Countess Mortimer (1694–1755), by John Wootton

Henrietta Harley (née Holles), Countess of Oxford and Countess Mortimer[1] (11 February 1694 – 9 December 1755) was an English noblewoman, the only child and heiress of John Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle and his wife, the former Lady Margaret Cavendish, daughter of Henry Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne.

Her hand was sought in marriage even in her youth, as a means of alliance with her powerful father. Suitors included the Intendant of the Court of a Count of the Holy Roman Empire in December 1703, the Elector of Hanover's son (later George I of Great Britain) in June 1706, the Duke of Somerset's son Lord Hertford in 1707–11, Count Nassau in 1709, and finally Lord Danby (grandson of Thomas Osborne, 1st Duke of Leeds) in 1711, before her father settled on Edward Harley, 2nd Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer.[2] They were married on 31 August 1713, at Wimpole Hall. She brought, through inheritance, Welbeck Abbey in Nottinghamshire and Wimpole Hall in Cambridgeshire to her husband.

They had two children. Their son, Henry Cavendish Harley, Lord Harley, lived only four days.[3] Their only child to attain maturity was Margaret (1715–1785), and so whilst Margaret inherited most of the combined Holles-Harley fortunes on her parents' deaths, the title of Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer passed to Edward's cousin (also Edward).

Henrietta Place (previously Henrietta Street)[4] in Marylebone in the City of Westminster in central London was named after the Countess. Nearby Harley Street was named after her husband.[5] The general area was owned by the Harleys and developed during their lifetimes, hence other streets are named after their family, too. This includes Oxford Street, Wigmore Street and Wimpole Street.

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 11 February 1694 – 30 August 1713 Lady Henrietta Cavendish Holles
  • 31 August 1713 – 1724 Lady Henrietta Cavendish Harley
  • 1724 – 9 December 1755 Henrietta Countess of Oxford

References[edit]

  1. ^ She was only known as Countess of Oxford after her husband's succession to his earldom - she was previously known as Lady Henrietta Cavendish Holles, 1694-1713, and as Lady Henrietta Cavendish Harley, 1713-1724
  2. ^ Nicholson, A. P. (11 November 2007). "Henrietta Countess of Oxford". Nottinghamshire History. Retrieved 10 January 2017. 
  3. ^ Cokayne, George Edward, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, A. Sutton, Gloucester, 1982, vol. X, p. 267.
  4. ^ St Peter’s, Vere Street. Survey of London, UCL, 15 January 2016. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  5. ^ Bebbington, Gillian. (1972) London Street Names. London: B.T. Batsford. pp. 164–5 & 171. ISBN 0713401400