Henrietta Maria Bowdler
Henrietta Maria Bowdler (1750–1830), commonly called Mrs. Harriet Bowdler, was an English religious author and literary expurgator, notably of the works of Shakespeare.
Bowdler was born in Conington, Huntingdonshire, the daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Stuart Bowdler, and sister of John Bowdler the elder and Thomas Bowdler the elder. Her sister Jane was the author of an anonymous, posthumously published series of religious Poems and Essays, (2 vols., Bath, 1786), which appeared in many editions.
Harriet's own Sermons on the Doctrines and Duties of Christianity appeared anonymously and passed through nearly fifty editions. Beilby Porteus, Bishop of London, believed them to have been written by a clergyman, and is said to have offered their author, through the publishers, a living in his diocese.
Harriet Bowdler is thought to have done most of the editing of the first expurgated edition of Shakespeare's works, The Family Shakspeare (1807). She removed anything which seemed irreverent or immoral, deleting about 10 per cent of the original. The resulting edition was published under the name of her brother, Thomas Bowdler, after whom this type of treatment came to be known as bowdlerisation.
In 1810 Bowdler edited Fragments in Prose and Verse by the late Miss Elizabeth Smith, which was very popular in religious circles.
A novel by Bowdler entitled Pen Tamar, or the History of an Old Maid, was issued shortly after her death.
Although it is unclear whether she was a regular member of the Blue Stockings Society, there has survived a description of Harriet as a young lady by Gilbert Elliot, earl of Minto: "She is, I believe, a blue-stocking, but what the colour of that part of her dress is must be mere conjecture, as you will easily believe when I tell you that... she said she never looked at [the dancers in operas] but always kept her eyes shut the whole time, and when I asked her why, she said it was so indelicate she could not bear to look."
- ODNB: M. Clare Loughlin-Chow, "Bowdler, Henrietta Maria (1750–1830)" Retrieved 15 March 2014, pay-walled.
- Jonathon Green, Nicholas J. Karolides (2005), "The Family Shakespeare", The encyclopedia of censorship, ISBN 978-0-8160-4464-1.
- Quoted from The Gentleman's Magazine (1830) in Noel Perrin: Dr. Bowdler's Legacy... (New York: Atheneum, 1969), p. 69.
Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900..