Henrietta Place

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Henrietta Place
Henrietta Place.jpg
Henrietta Place from Marylebone Lane
Former name(s) Henrietta Street
Location City of Westminster,
Greater London,
United Kingdom
Postal code W1
Nearest tube station London Underground Bond Street
West end Marylebone Lane
East end Cavendish Square
Other
Known for

Henrietta Place, originally known as Henrietta Street, is a street in Marylebone in the City of Westminster in central London that runs from Marylebone Lane in the east to Cavendish Square in the west. It is joined on the north side by Welbeck Street and Wimpole Street, and on the south side by Vere Street, Chapel Place, and Old Cavendish Street.

History[edit]

Henrietta Street, now Place,[1] was named after Lady Henrietta Cavendish, the 18th century heiress to the Manor of Marylebone lands and the wife of Edward Harley after whom Harley Street was named.[2] The street was laid out around 1729[3] when the area, which was previously rural, was urbanised using a grid plan.[4]

During the nineteenth century the street fell out of favour and in the twentieth century parts of the western end were redeveloped when the Marshall & Snelgrove department store on the south side was redeveloped as Debenhams and the Welbeck Street car park built for the store on the north side.[5]

Buildings[edit]

On the north side of the street is the Welbeck Street car park and The Royal Society of Medicine which has its entrance in Wimpole Street. Between them is Henrietta House which is owned by Lazari Investments and occupied by property firm CBRE Group since 2011 after Diageo moved out.[6][7] It was designed by Christopher Haddon of the Building Design Partnership and incorporates at first floor level on the exterior a series of fifteen Portland stone sculptures by Keir Smith commissioned by the Public Art Development Trust to show the architectural history of Britain. The project was the winner of the Royal Society of Arts Art for Architecture award in 1990.[8] At the Cavendish Square end on the north side is the Royal College of Nursing.

The south side of the street is dominated by the back of retail premises on Oxford Street such as the Debenhams and House of Fraser (previously D.H. Evans) department stores. The Debenhams store was built in the late 1960s or early 1970s to replace a Marshall & Snelgrove store on the same site.[9][10] Between them is the church of St Peter, Vere Street, a grade I listed building also known as the Oxford Chapel or the Marylebone Chapel, the architect of which was James Gibbs who also lived in the street.[1] Henrietta Passage once ran south into the centre of the buildings that were on the site now occupied by House of Fraser.

Between 1724 and 1732, Gibbs designed and built four houses in the street, living in number 5 from 1731 until his death in 1754 and letting numbers 9, 10, and 11. Number 11 was demolished in 1956 when the site was acquired by Debenhams. The parlour from the house was donated to the Victoria & Albert Museum where it is now on display.[11]

Notable inhabitants[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Portrait of Henrietta Harley, after whom the street is named, by John Wootton.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b St Peter’s, Vere Street. Survey of London, UCL, 15 January 2016. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  2. ^ Bebbington, Gillian. (1972) London Street Names. London: B.T. Batsford. pp. 164–5 & 171. ISBN 0713401400
  3. ^ Wright, Thomas. (1837) The history and antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and parts adjacent. Vol. V. London: George Virtue. p. 336.
  4. ^ Aldous, Tony. (1980) The Illustrated London News Book of London's Villages. London: Secker & Warburg. p. 87. ISBN 0436011506
  5. ^ Welbeck Street Car Park. Michael Blampied, architectuul.com, 23 May 2016. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  6. ^ CBRE to leave Kingsley House for Diageo HQ. Estates Gazette, 11 June 2010. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  7. ^ Tour CBRE's new London headquarters. Estates Gazette, YouTube, 12 October 2011. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  8. ^ Wooden maquettes for sculpture for Henrietta House, 8 Henrietta Place, Westminster, London: 'The Temple at Euston', 'The Castle' and 'Canary Wharf'. RIBApix. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  9. ^ Inwood, Stephen (2008). Historic London: An Explorer's Companion. London: Macmillan. p. 267. ISBN 978-0-230-75252-8.
  10. ^ Marshall and Snelgrove, department store, Oxford Street and Vere Street. National Archives. Retrieved 10 December 2016.
  11. ^ Parlour from 11 Henrietta Street. Victoria & Albert Museum. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  12. ^ Oxford Street and its northern tributaries: Part 2 of 2. British History Online. Retrieved 10 December 2016.
  13. ^ William Theed. Mapping the Practice and Profession of Sculpture in Britain and Ireland 1851-1951, University of Glasgow History of Art and HATII, online database 2011. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  14. ^ John Wootton EQUESTRIAN PORTRAIT OF LADY HENRIETTA HARLEY, COUNTESS OF OXFORD AND COUNTESS MORTIMER (1694–1755) LED BY A GROOM WITH A HUNT ATTENDANT, IN A LANDSCAPE. Sotheby's. Retrieved 8 December 2016.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°30′57″N 0°08′45″W / 51.51587°N 0.14581°W / 51.51587; -0.14581