Henrietta Street, Dublin
Henrietta Street (Irish: Sráid Henrietta) is a Dublin street, to the north of Bolton Street on the north side of the city, first laid out and developed by Luke Gardiner during the 1720s. A very wide street relative to streets in other 18th-century cities, it includes a number of very large red-brick city palaces of Georgian design.
The street is generally held to be named after Henrietta, the wife of Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, although an alternative candidate is Henrietta, the wife of Charles Paulet, 2nd Duke of Bolton. The nearby Bolton Street is named after Paulet.
Henrietta Street is the earliest Georgian Street in Dublin, and at the forefront Dublin's later Georgian streetscapes. Construction on the street started in the mid-1720s, on land bought by the Gardiner family in 1721. Construction was still taking place in the 1750s. Gardiner had a mansion, designed by Richard Cassels, built for his own use around 1730.
The street was popularly referred to as Primate's Hill, as one of the houses was owned by the Archbishop of Armagh, although this house, along with two others, was demolished to make way for the Law Library of King's Inns.
The street fell into disrepair during the 19th and 20th centuries, with the houses being used as tenements. While the houses on Henrietta Street had been home to a small number of wealthy residents in the 18th century, these were given-over to tenement use during the 19th century, and by 1911 there were 835 people living in poverty in just 15 houses. A number of houses on the street remained in use as tenements until the 1970s. In the late 20th and early 21st centuries, the street has been subject to restoration efforts.
The street is a cul-de-sac, with the Law Library of King's Inns facing onto its western end. As of 2017, there are 13 houses on the street. One of these houses, 14 Henrietta Street, was opened as a museum in late 2018. 14 Henrietta Street tells the story of the building and of the lives of the people who lived there.
The street was initially popular with landed and merchant families, and a number of hereditary peers had properties on the street in the mid-18th century. The houses were built to have rear gardens and mews.
- Construction: Built after 1755
- Resident: John Maxwell, 1st Baron Farnham from 1757, father-in-law of Owen Wynne at no.3. This house remained in the possession of the same family until 1852.
- Construction: Built by Nathaniel Clements about 1741 for Henry O'Brien
- Resident: Henry O’Brien, 8th Earl of Thomond. Thomond died 2 years later and the house was occupied by George Stone, Bishop of Ferns, who later succeeded Boulter as Primate
- Construction: Separate flat within No. 5
- Construction: Designed by Edward Lovett Pearce and built for Luke Gardiner by 1735
- Resident Thomas Carter
- Entrance to King's Inns
- King's Inns law library
- Construction: Designed by Edward Lovett Pearce for Luke Gardiner (built as a pair to No. 12)
- Resident: Brigadier General William Graham
- Construction: Built as a pair to No. 11 for Gardiner with Edward Lovett Pearce as architect
- Resident: William Stewart, 3rd Viscount Mountjoy and later 1st Earl of Blessington
- Construction: Built by Luke Gardiner at same time as numbers 14 and 15
- Resident: Nicholas Loftus, 1st Earl of Ely from 1755 (1st record)
- Construction: Built by Luke Gardiner at same time as numbers 13 and 15
- Resident: Richard 3rd Viscount Molesworth from 1752. No. 14 is now a museum.
- Construction: Built by Luke Gardiner at same time as numbers 13 and 14
- Resident: Sir Robert King from about 1748
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- Craig, Maurice (2006) . Dublin 1660-1860. p. 129. ISBN 1-905483-11-2.
- "Henrietta Street, Dublin - Buildings of Ireland - Irish Architecture". Archiseek. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
- "RSAI - Excursions and Outings - King's Inns and Henrietta Street". Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland. Archived from the original on 2008-05-20. Retrieved 2009-04-20.
- "Henrietta Street Conservation Plan" (PDF). Dublin City Heritage Plan. Dublin City Council. 2004. p. 4.
[Henrietta] street is [..] the single remaining intact example of an early-18th century street of houses, which was at the forefront of what was to become the Georgian style
- Sheridan, Edel (2001). Brady, Joseph; Simms, Angrett (eds.). Dublin Through Space & Time. Four Courts Press. pp. 91–93. ISBN 1-85182-641-6.
- "Museum of Dublin tenement life set for Henrietta Street". Irish Times. 30 April 2015. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
- "Dublin - Poverty and Health". Ireland in the early 20th century. National Archives. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
- "Film Titles With Location Matching "Henrietta Street, Dublin"". IMDb. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
- "News - Officially Opening of 14 Henrietta Street". riai.ie. Royal Institute of the Architects of Ireland. 20 September 2018. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
- "What will you experience". 14henriettastreet.ie. Dublin City Council. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
- "Henrietta Street, Dublin". Architecture of Dublin. Archiseek. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
In the mid 1700s, the street was inhabited by five peers, a peeress, a peer’s son, a judge, a member of parliament, a Bishop and two wealthy clergymen as well as Luke Gardiner himself"
- Shaffrey Associates Architects; John Montague, Architectural Historian; Carrig Conservation Ltd; Dr. Tracy Pickerill; Lee McCullough & Partners, Consulting Engineers; Boylan Farrelly, Quantity Surveyors; Henrietta Street Conservation Plan Dublin City Heritage