Henrik, Prince of Denmark
Prince Henrik at the Wedding of Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden, and Daniel Westling, 19 June 2010
|Consort of the Danish Monarch|
|Tenure||14 January 1972 – present|
11 June 1934 |
Talence, Gironde, France
|Spouse||Margrethe II of Denmark (m. 1967)|
|Issue||Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark
|Father||André de Laborde de Monpezat|
|Mother||Renée Yvonne Doursenot|
|Religion||Church of Denmark
prev. Roman Catholic
|Danish Royal Family|
HM The Queen
HH Princess Elisabeth
|Extended royal family|
Henrik married Margrethe at the Naval Church of Copenhagen on 10 June 1967 and became her consort when she succeeded her father, King Frederick IX, as monarch of Denmark on 14 January 1972. The couple have two sons, Crown Prince Frederik (born 1968) and Prince Joachim (born 1969).
In her New Year's speech to the Danish people on 31 December 2015 Queen Margrethe announced that Prince Henrik would 'wind down' and give up most of his official duties with immediate effect from 1 January 2016. On 14 April 2016 Prince Henrik renounced the title of Prince Consort, which he had been given in 2005.
||This section of a biography of a living person needs additional citations for verification. (January 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Henrik was born in Talence, Gironde, France. He is the son of André de Laborde de Monpezat (Mont-de-Marsan, 6 May 1907 – Le Cayrou, 23 February 1998) and his wife, Renée Doursenot (Périgueux, 26 October 1908 – Le Cayrou, 11 February 2001) (married religiously in Cahors, 6 January 1934 and civilly in Cahors, 22 January 1948), who was previously married firstly civilly in Paris on 29 September 1928 and divorced at the Tribunal Civil Français de Saigon on 21 September 1940 Louis Leuret (Châteauneuf-sur-Loire, 18 March 1881 – Saigon, South Vietnam, 29 December 1962). He was raised Catholic.
He spent his first five years in Hanoi (Vietnam), where his father looked after family business interests. He returned to Hanoi in 1950, graduating from the French secondary school there in 1952. Between 1952 and 1957 he simultaneously studied law and political science at the Sorbonne, Paris, and Chinese and Vietnamese at the École Nationale des Langues Orientales (now known as INALCO). He also studied in Hong Kong in 1957 and Saigon in 1958.
After military service with the French Army in the Algerian War between 1959 and 1962, he joined the French Foreign Affairs ministry in 1962, working as a Secretary at the embassy in London from 1963 to 1967.
On 10 June 1967 he married Princess Margrethe, the heir presumptive to the Danish throne, at the Naval Church of Copenhagen. At the time of the wedding his name was Danicised to Henrik and he was created HRH Prince Henrik of Denmark. Before the wedding, the Prince converted to Lutheranism.
The Queen and Prince Henrik have two children and eight grandchildren:
- Crown Prince Frederik, born on 26 May 1968
- Prince Joachim, born on 7 June 1969
Prince Henrik's native language is French, and his second language is Danish. He also speaks fluent English, Chinese, and Vietnamese. Although he quickly learned Danish after marrying Margrethe, Danes still joke about his grasp of Danish and his thick French accent.
2002 "flight" from Denmark
In 2002, Henrik left Denmark and went to stay at the couple's Château de Caïx in Cahors in southern France. The cause of his departure from Denmark was a New Year's Day reception in which his son, Crown Prince Frederik, had been appointed as host in the absence of Queen Margrethe. Henrik felt "pushed aside, degraded and humiliated" by being relegated to "third place in the royal hierarchy."
"For many years I have been Denmark's number two," he said. "I've been satisfied with that role, but I don't want to be relegated to number three after so many years." Henrik "fled" Denmark to reflect on his status in the Danish Royal Family. Queen Margrethe flew to France to meet her husband. Henrik stressed that neither his wife nor son were to blame for the incident. The Prince Consort spent three weeks in Caix, and did not appear with his wife as expected at the wedding of Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange, and Máxima Zorreguieta. After three weeks, Henrik returned to Denmark.
On 30 April 2008, shortly before the wedding of his younger son, Prince Joachim, to Marie Cavallier, the Queen conferred the new Danish title "Count of Monpezat" (Danish: Greve af Monpezat) on both of her sons and made it hereditary for their male-line descendants, both male and female. The Queen's private secretary Henning Fode commented, "The Queen and the Prince Consort have considered this for quite some time, and it has led to the belief that it was the right thing to do."
In fact, Henrik had mentioned this possibility as long ago as 1996, in his published memoir, "During our generation the future sovereign will perhaps receive approval to see 'Monpezat' added to the dynastic name of 'Oldenburg-Glücksburg'". While being interviewed by the French weekly Point de Vue in October 2005, Henrik raised the issue shortly after the birth of Crown Prince Frederik's first son, Prince Christian, who is expected to inherit the Danish crown one day: "It also makes him very proud and happy that Monpezat will be added to this small grandson's future name as Prince of Denmark. 'It is a great joy for me that his French roots will also be remembered.'" Although no announcement was made at that time, Prince Christian does now include this part of his French grandfather's surnames among his hereditary titles. The grant does not extend this Danish comital title to Henrik himself.
Henrik has written many poems in his native language French, some of which have been published in the poetry collections; Chemin faisant (1982), Cantabile (2000), Les escargots de Marie Lanceline (2003), Murmures de vent (2005), Frihjul (Roue-Libre, 2010), Fabula (2011), La part des anges (2013), and Dans mes nuits sereines (2014). The symphonic suite Cantabile by Frederik Magle is based on Henrik's poetry collection Cantabile and was premiered by the Danish National Symphony Orchestra at two concerts celebrating Henrik's 70th and 75th birthdays in 2004 and 2009.
Henrik has said about writing poetry (translated from Danish): "I see poetry as an opportunity for immersion in a superficial time dominated by news and entertainment that makes us rootless and restless. Poetry takes us closer to the true nature of the world, in poetry we can approach the eternal questions such as love, loneliness and death."
Titles, styles and honours
Titles and styles
- 11 June 1934 – 10 June 1967: Count* Henri de Laborde de Monpezat
- 10 June 1967 – 2005: His Royal Highness Prince Henrik of Denmark
- 2005 – 14 April 2016: His Royal Highness The Prince Consort
- 14 April 2016 – present: His Royal Highness Prince Henrik of Denmark
* Use is disputed, see section "French title controversy" below
French title controversy
The Laborde de Monpezat family style themselves as counts, though their right to the use of that title is disputed: The Encyclopédie de la fausse noblesse et de la noblesse d'apparence (English: Encyclopedia of False and Seeming Nobility) states that Prince Henrik's ancestor, Jean Laborde, received royal letters patent of ennoblement in 1655, conditional on his reception as a noble in the Estates of the province of Béarn where his lands were located. But this condition was never fulfilled, as the Estates refused Laborde's petitions in 1703 and again in 1707. The family's surname was "Monpezat" by the time of the French Revolution, without title, until 14 July 1860, when it was changed by imperial decree to "de Laborde-Monpezat", and legally changed again on 19 May 1861 to "de Laborde de Monpezat". Although the comital title has been used by the family as if it were a titre de courtoisie, traditionally the royal court and French society accepted such titles when used by genuinely noble families. Since the title was assumed by Henrik's ancestor prior to the twentieth century, it is possible he was unaware of the misuse until his family's history was scrutinized by genealogists after his engagement. Henrik's 1996 autobiography acknowledges the unsuccessful ennoblement.
Royal spouses and titles
Danish law never required that royal spouses be of aristocratic origin. Nonetheless, no prince's marriage to a woman who lacked male-line descent from royalty or titled nobility had been accepted as dynastic by the sovereign in the course of Denmark's history as a hereditary monarchy, prior to the marriage of the heir to the throne, Princess Margrethe, in June 1967. Moreover, six months later Margrethe's first cousin, Prince Ingolf of Denmark, married an untitled commoner and was demoted to a count, and another cousin, Prince Christian of Denmark, also wed a Dane, Anne Dorte Maltoft-Nielsen, in 1971, forfeiting his dynastic position. Christian later commented on the dynasty's marital rules in the Danish periodical, Billed-Bladet:
As protocol dictates, I had to ask my uncle, King Frederick IX, if he had any objections to my getting engaged ... I knew I would have to renounce my title of prince and my right of succession if I married her. I was number four in the line of succession after Princess Margrethe, Princess Benedikte, and my father. My brother, Ingolf, had two years previously lost his princely title and succession right when he married a commoner, Countess Inge. Now I was ready to follow him. To me, it didn't matter if I were in line for the throne or not... My uncle, of course, had nothing against a union between Anne Dorte and me.
- France: Grand Cross of the Order of the Legion of Honour
- France: Commander of the Order of Agricultural Merit, 1st Class
- France: Recipient of the North Africa Security and Order Operations Medal
- Denmark: Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the Elephant (R.E.)
- Denmark: Knight Grand Commander of the Order of Dannebrog (S.Kmd.)
- Denmark: Recipient of the Cross of Honour of the Order of the Dannebrog (D.Ht.)
- Greenland: Recipient of the Greenland Medal for Meritorious Service, 2nd Class
- Denmark: Recipient of the Defence Medal for Excellent Service
- Denmark: Recipient of the Homeguard Medal of Merit
- Denmark: Recipient of the Red Cross Medal of Honour
- Denmark: Recipient of the Danish Red Cross Medal for Merit
- Denmark: Recipient of the Medal of Honour of the League of Civil Defense
- Denmark: Recipient of the Medal of Honor of the Reserve Officers League
- Denmark: Recipient of the Military Athletic Medal of Honour
- Denmark: Recipient of the 50th Anniversary Medal of the arrival of Queen Ingrid to Denmark
- Denmark: Recipient of the 50th Birthday Medal of Queen Margrethe II
- Denmark: Recipient of the Silver Jubilee Medal of Queen Margrethe II
- Denmark: Recipient of the 100th Anniversary Medal of the Birth of King Frederik IX
- Denmark: Recipient of the Queen Ingrid Commemorative Medal
- Denmark: Recipient of the 350th Anniversary Medal of the Royal Danish Life Guards
- Denmark: Recipient of the 70th Birthday Medal of Queen Margrethe II
- Denmark: Recipient of the Ruby Jubilee Medal of Queen Margrethe II
- Denmark: Recipient of the 75th Birthday Medal of Queen Margrethe II
- Austria: Grand Cross of the Decoration for Services to the Republic of Austria, Gold
- Belgium: Knight Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold
- Brazil: Grand Cross of Order of the Southern Cross
- Bulgaria: Grand Cross of the Order of Stara Planina
- Croatia: Grand Cross of the Grand Order of Queen Jelena
- Egypt: Grand Cross of the Order of the Nile
- Estonia: Grand Cross of the Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana 
- Finland: Grand Cross of the Finnish Order of the White Rose
- Germany: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Special Issue
- Greece: Grand Cross of the Order of Honour
- Iceland: Grand Cross of the Order of the Falcon
- Italy: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
- Japan: Knight Grand Cordon of the Order of the Paulownia Flowers
- Jordan: Knight Grand Cordon of the Supreme Order of the Renaissance
- Latvia: Grand Cross of the Order of the Three Stars
- Lithuania: Grand Cross of the Order of Vytautas the Great
- Luxembourg: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau
- Morocco: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Ouissam Alaouite
- Mexico: Grand Cross of the Order of the Aztec Eagle, Special Class
- Netherlands: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion
- Nepal: Member Grand Cross of the Order of Ojaswi Rajanya
- Norway: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Olav
- Poland: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland
- Portugal : Grand Cross of the Order of Christ
- Romania: Grand Cross of the Order of the Star of Romania
- Slovakia: Grand Cross of the Order of the White Double Cross
- South Korea: Recipient of the Order of Diplomatic Service Merit, Grand Gwanghwa Medal
- Spain: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Charles III
- Sweden: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Seraphim
- Sweden: Recipient of the 85th Birthday Medal of King Gustaf VI Adolf
- Sweden: Recipient of the 50th Birthday Medal of King Carl XVI Gustaf
- Sweden: Recipient of the Ruby Jubilee Medal of King Carl XVI Gustaf
- Thailand: Knight Grand Cordon with Chain of the Order of Chula Chom Klao
- United Kingdom: Honorary Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
- United Kingdom: Honorary Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George
- United Kingdom: Honorary Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
|Ancestors of Henrik, Prince of Denmark|
Prince Henrik has translated several books into Danish, as well as publishing several other books.
- In 1981, under the pseudonym H.M. Vejerbjerg he and the Queen translated Simone de Beauvoir's Tous les hommes sont mortels.
- Chemin faisant, 1982, a volume of French poems.
- Destin oblige, 1996, his memoirs as Prince Consort.
- Ikke Altid Gåselever (not always foie gras), 1999, a selection of favourite recipes.
- Cantabile, 2000, poems.
- Les escargots de Marie Lanceline, 2003.
- Murmures de vent, 2005, poems.
- Frihjul, 2010, poems.
Notes and references
- Barbara, Augustin (1989). Marriage across frontiers. Multilingual Matters. ISBN 1-85359-041-X. Retrieved 2009-10-01.
- "Runaway prince returns home". BBC News. 13 February 2002. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
- "'Degraded' Danish prince takes time out". BBC News. 5 February 2002. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
- "Monpezat til Frederik og Joachim". Berlingske Tidende. 30 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
- Henrik prince de Danemark, Destin Oblige, 1996, 102
- Levinsen, Niels. "Henrik fulgte Mary time for time" (in Danish). Retrieved 2008-06-17.
- "Prins Henrik udgiver digte om livet | Kultur | DR" (in Danish). Dr.dk. Retrieved 2015-04-17.
- Dioudonnat, Pierre-Marie, Encyclopédie de la fausse noblesse et de la noblesse d'apparence, Paris, Sedopols, 1976–79 (2 vols), French, p.208
- Joseph Valynseele, Les de Laborde de Monpezat et leurs alliances, Paris, chez l'Auteur, 1975, French
- Velde, François. "Nobility and Titles in France". Heraldica.org. Retrieved 2008-06-18.
- Huberty, Michel; Alain Giraud; F. and B. Magdelaine (1994). L'Allemagne Dynastique Tome VII Oldenbourg (in French). France. pp. passim. ISBN 2-901138-07-1.
- Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser Band VIII. "Dänemark". C.A. Starke Verlag, 1968, p. 49.
- Billed-Bladet, (Interview with Count Christian of Rosenborg), 1985, Danish
- kongehuset.dk, page with Henrik's national honours
- netpublikationer.dk, Henrik wearing Danish and French orders
- gettyimages.com, Henrik wearing Danish, French and Swedish order stars
- static.businessinsider.com, Henrik wearing Danish, French and Luxembourg order stars
- blogger.com, Henrik wearing his officer uniform medals
- "Reply to a parliamentary question about the Decoration of Honour" (PDF) (in German). p. 552. Retrieved November 2012. Check date values in:
- "Queen Margarethe and Prince Henrik of Denmark on state visit to Belgium photograph" (IMG). Img.photobucket.com. Retrieved 2015-04-17.
-  Archived 25 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Photo of the royal and presidential couples" (JPG). Img458.imageshack.us. Retrieved 2015-04-17.
- "Vabariigi President". President.ee. Retrieved 2015-04-17.
- Theroyalforums.com, Article on state visit
- "Fálkaorðuhafar". Falkadb.forseti.is. Retrieved 2015-04-17.
- "Onorificenze - Dettaglio del conferimento". Quirinale.it. Retrieved 2015-04-17.
- "Queen Margrethe and Prince Henrik's State Visit to Japan: November 15-22, 2004". The Royal Forums. Retrieved 2015-04-17.
- "Lietuvos Respublikos Prezidentė" (in Lithuanian). Lrp.lt. Retrieved 2015-04-17.
- "State Visit from Luxembourg to Denmark: October 20-23, 2003". The Royal Forums. Retrieved 2015-04-17.
- "State Visit from Luxembourg to Denmark photograph" (IMG). Theroyalforums.com. Retrieved 2015-04-17.
- "State Visit from Luxembourg to Denmark photograph" (IMG). Cdn.theroyalforums.com. Retrieved 2015-04-17.
- "Diario Oficial de la Federación". Dof.gob.mx. 2008-02-13. Retrieved 2015-04-17.
- "Photo of the Danish Royal couple with the Slovakian Presidential couple". Kongehuset.dk. Retrieved 2015-04-17.
- "South Korea Honour System" (IMG). Home.earthlink.net. Retrieved 2015-04-17.
- "III Otras disposicioncs" (PDF). Boe.es. Retrieved 2015-04-17.
-  Archived 17 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Henrik, Prince of Denmark.|
Henrik, Prince of DenmarkBorn: 11 June 1934
Ingrid of Sweden
as Queen consort
|Prince Consort of Denmark
(official Prince Consort from 2005)
14 January 1972 – present
|Awards and achievements|
|European of the Year
(by the Danish European Movement)