Henry of Scotland

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Henry
Born 1114
Died (1152-06-12)12 June 1152
Spouse Ada de Warenne
House Dunkeld
Father David I of Scotland
Mother Maud, 2nd Countess of Huntingdon
Henry of Scotland: penny
hENRICVS •[F RE?], crowned bust right, sceptre before +EREBALD: ON [C]OREB:, cross moline with fleur in each angle within tressure.
AR 1,18 gm, 10h. Corbridge mint; moneyer: (H)erebald

Henry of Scotland (Eanric mac Dabíd, 1114 – 12 June 1152[1]) was heir apparent to the Kingdom of Alba. He was also the 3rd Earl of Northumberland and the 3rd Earl of Huntingdon. He was the son of King David I of Scotland and Queen Maud, 2nd Countess of Huntingdon.[2] Henry was named after his uncle, King Henry I of England, who had married his paternal aunt Edith.

Earldom[edit]

David, Henry's father, invaded England in 1136. His army was met by Stephen of Blois at Carlisle. Instead of battle, there was a negotiated settlement that included Henry performing homage to Stephen for Carlisle and the Earldom of Huntingdon.[3] Henry's journey to Stephen's court for Easter (1136) was met with resentment, including an accusation of treason,[4] which brought about his return at his father's insistence.[4]

After another invasion by his father, Henry was finally invested with the Earldom of Northumberland in 1139.[5] Later in the year, Henry met with Stephen at Nottingham, where he was also reinvested with Carlisle and Cumberland.[5] At which time Henry paid homage to Stephen for his Earldom.[5]

Henry's inclusion into King Stephen's inner circle was highlighted by his arranged marriage to Ada de Warenne.[6] This marriage secured Henry's place within Stephen's kingdom.[6] Following Stephen's capture by forces of Empress Matilda, Henry held the Earldom of Northumberland as a Scottish fief.[7]

On Henry's death, the Earldom passed to his half-brother Simon II de Senlis.

Family[edit]

In 1139, Henry married Ada de Warenne,[1] the daughter of William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey (died 1138), and Elizabeth of Vermandois, daughter of Hugh of Vermandois.

Ancestry[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Oram 2011, p. 372.
  2. ^ a b c d e Oram 2011, p. iii.
  3. ^ Oram 2011, p. 90.
  4. ^ a b Oram 2011, p. 91.
  5. ^ a b c Oram 2011, p. 95.
  6. ^ a b Oram 2011, p. 96.
  7. ^ Oram 2011, p. 99.
  8. ^ Everard & Jones 1999, p. 93.

References[edit]

  • Barlow, Professor Frank, The Feudal Kingdom of England 1012 - 1216, London,1955, tree opposite p.288.
  • Burke, John & John Bernard, The Royal Families of England, Scotland, and Wales, with their Descendants, Sovereigns and Subjects, London, 1851, vol.2, page xlvii and pedigree XXIX.
  • Dunbar, Sir Archibald H., Bt., Scottish Kings, a Revised Chronology of Scottish History, 1005 - 1625, Edinburgh, 1899, p.64-65.
  • Everard, Judith; Jones, Michael C. E., eds. (1999). The Charters of Duchess Constance of Brittany and Her Family, 1171-1221. The Boydell Press. 
  • Howard, Joseph Jackson, LL.D., F.S.A., Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica, New Series, volume I, London, 1874, p.337.
  • Oram, Richard (2011). Domination and Lordship: Scotland, 1070-1230. Edinburgh University Press. 
  • Stringer, Keith, "Senlis, Simon (II) de, earl of Northampton and earl of Huntingdon (d. 1153)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 20 May 2007
Henry of Scotland
Born: ? 1114 Died: 12 June 1152
Preceded by
Maud
Earl of Huntingdon
1130–1138
Succeeded by
Simon de Senlis
Preceded by
Simon de Senlis
Earl of Huntingdon
1138–1141
Vacant
Title last held by
Robert de Mowbray
Earl of Northumbria
1139–1152
Succeeded by
William fitz Henry