Henry B. Amos
Henry Brown Amos
24 May 1869
|Died||22 October 1946 (aged 77)|
|Occupation(s)||Animal rights and vegetarianism activist, draper|
Ruth Helen Bowker Sharp
(m. 1899; died 1905)
Amos was born in Tyninghame, Scotland, on 24 May 1869. He first became interested in vegetarianism in about 1886. He later worked as a drapery salesman and married Ruth Helen Bowker Sharp (1869–1905) on 7 February 1899; they had two children.
Amos was a member of the Humanitarian League and former member of the RSPCA. In the mid-1890s he was an organizer in the London for the Vegetarian Federal Union. In 1895, he was Hon. Secretary of the Vegetarian Cycling & Athletic Club and was associated with Sidney H. Beard and the Order of the Golden Age (1901–1903). He succeeded Albert Broadbent as Secretary of the Vegetarian Society (1913–1914). In 1915, he published a short pamphlet on cooking vegetarian meals.
Amos founded the League Against Cruel Sports (LACS) in 1924 with Ernest Bell and George Greenwood. The league aimed to abolish the hunting of deer, foxes, hares, otters, and the coursing of hares and rabbits. Amos' letters campaigning against rabbit-coursing in Surrey led to its prohibition in 1924. He organized the Leeds Rodeo Protest Committee the same year.
Amos became highly critical of the RSPCA because during this time they were unwilling to take action against hunting. His published criticism of the RSPCA caused an internal conflict and because of this Greenwood resigned from LACS in 1927 and Bell resigned in 1931. LACS began producing a monthly journal Cruel Sports which Amos edited. According to E. S. Turner, the journal "criticised the RSPCA for its toleration of fox-hunting, and attacked the Church for sheltering behind the RSPCA." In the 1927 January edition, Amos noted that "little has been done either by religion or education to stem the tide of cruelty involved in hunting."
In 1935, Amos was jailed briefly for throwing a copy of Henry Stephens Salt's Creed of Kinship through a stained glass window at Exeter Cathedral during evensong. Suffering for years from a bronchial illness, he was eventually forced to retire from his work with the League at the end of 1936.
- The Food Reformer's Year Book and Health Annual (editor for multiple years, 1909)
- Economical, Nourishing Dishes for Times of Stress and How to Cook Them (1915)
- Opinions in Favour of Vegetarianism by Leading Temperance Reformers (1919)
- Baker, Anne Pimlott (2004). "Amos, Henry Brown (1869–1946), campaigner against field sports". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/53036. ISBN 9780198614128. Retrieved 1 July 2020. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- "Henry Brown Amos (1869-1946)". The Vegetarian Messenger and Health Review. December 1946.
- May, Allyson N. (2013). The Fox-Hunting Controversy, 1781–2004: Class and Cruelty. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing. pp. 73–74. ISBN 978-1-4094-6069-5.
- "Henry Brown Amos". henrysalt.co.uk.
- "Literary Notices". Good Health. 13 (2): 31. January 1915.
- Kean, Hilda. (1998). Animal Rights: Political and Social Change in Britain Since 1800. Reaktion Books. p. 185. ISBN 1-86189-014-1
- Allen, Daniel; Watkins, Charles; Matless, David (April 2016). "'An incredibly vile sport': Campaigns against Otter Hunting in Britain, 1900–39". Rural History. 27 (1): 79–101. doi:10.1017/S0956793315000175. ISSN 0956-7933.
- Griffin, Emma. (2007). Blood Sport: Hunting in Britain Since 1066. Yale University Press. p. 180. ISBN 978-0-300-11628-1
- Tichelar, Michael. (2017). The History of Opposition to Blood Sports in Twentieth Century England. Routledge. p. 55. ISBN 978-1-138-22543-5
- "League Against Cruel Sports". League Against Cruel Sports.
- Turner, Ernest Sackville. (1964). All Heaven in a Rage. Michael Joseph. p. 283
- Windeatt, Philip. (1982). The Hunt and the Anti-Hunt. Pluto Press. p. 22. ISBN 978-0861043873