Henry Bowyer Lane

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Henry Bowyer Joseph Lane
Corfu, Greece
Birchfield, Birmingham, England
Alma materBlundell's School
BuildingsOsgoode Hall
Toronto's second City Hall

Henry Bowyer Joseph Lane (1817–1878) was an English architect who worked in Toronto from c. 1841 to 1847.

Lane was born to Henry Bower Lane, a Royal Artillery Captain and Elizabeth Lacey in 1817 and moved to Devon, England after 1819.[1]

Lane's education included time at Blundell's School in Tiverton and subsequent professional training in England before he emigrated to Canada in 1841, living first in Cobourg, Upper Canada, and then in Toronto (around 1843–1844).

One of Lane's most significant contributions is Osgoode Hall, namely the west and central wings from 1844 to 1846. He designed and oversaw the construction of the incorporated city of Toronto's second city hall in 1844.[2] Lane's limited commissions outside of Toronto, in Niagara-on-the-Lake and Cobourg, were never as grand as his work in Toronto.

During his time in Toronto, Lane married Lucy Anne Sharpe in 1844, and they left the city in 1847.

He is known to have been in the Colony of Victoria, Australia thereafter. In the Ovens Directory for the year 1857, (State Library of New South Wales), he is listed as Henry Bowyer Lane Esq., Subwarden and Chinese Protector and Magistrate for the Yachandandah Creek Goldfield, near Bright. He was still in the Victorian Alps in 1862, because his fine watercolour, The Buckland near the Camp, clearly signed and dated May 1862, is held by the State Library of Victoria (Australia). It shows the Buckland Hotel and the Buckland Post Office, and eight Chinese gold miners crossing the bridge over the Buckland River during the Australian gold rush. A European man (maybe the postmaster, William McKay) is sitting on the steps of the Post Office, chatting to a European woman. The Buckland River goldfield was near the present town of Bright in the Australian Alps.

Lane is believed to have died in Birmingham, England in 1878.[1]


Building Year completed Location Notes Image
Diocesan Theological Institute/Haskell House 1842 174 Green Street and Queen Street, Cobourg, Ontario College of Theology for Alexander Bethune, Anglican Bishop of Toronto[3] DiocesanTheologicalInstitute.jpg
St. Peter's Church original facade and tower 1844 240 College Street, Cobourg, Ontario 1st church 1844–1854[3] Demolished in 1854
Brock's Monument 1843 Queenston Heights, Niagara Falls, Ontario Plans to rebuild with a submission or proposal that did not win[1]
Little Trinity Anglican Church 1843 425 King Street East, Corktown, Toronto Gothic Revival church with polychromatic brickwork. Little Trinity Anglican Church
Church of St. George the Martyr 1845 197 John Street, Toronto Gothic Revival church. Remnants survived a 1955 fire. Ruined church in Toronto.JPG
City Hall and New Market 1845 Front Street at Market Street, Toronto Georgian architecture. Toronto's second city hall, John Wilson Siddall incorporated into St. Lawrence Market South in 1899-192 with the centre block retained without the cupola and pediment. Henry Bowyer Lane's Toronto City Hall Toronto, Ontario
St. Mark's Church, Niagara-on-the-Lake 1845 41 Byron Street, Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario Ecclesiastical furnishings only[1]
St Paul's Church Anglican, Kingston 1846 137 Queen Street, Kingston Plans only[1]
Osgoode Hall 1846 Toronto Central and west wings. Palladian architecture. Toronto OsgoodeHall 1856.jpg
Church of the Holy Trinity 1847 Trinity Square, Toronto Gothic Revival Holy Trinity, Toronto 2.jpg
Enoch Turner School 1848 106 Trinity Street, Toronto Gothic Revival school house is believed to have been designed by Lane,[4] who had left Toronto in 1847 Enoch Turner School House.jpg


  1. ^ a b c d e Otto, Stephen A.; MacRae, Marion Bell (1985). "Lane, Henry Bowyer Joseph". In Halpenny, Francess G (ed.). Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Vol. VIII (1851–1860) (online ed.). University of Toronto Press.
  2. ^ Pound, Richard W. (2005). Fitzhenry and Whiteside Book of Canadian Facts and Dates. Fitzhenry and Whiteside.
  3. ^ a b "Cobourg ACO Walking Tour". Architecture. Cobourg History. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
  4. ^ "Enoch Turner Schoolhouse Foundation".

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