Henry Bridgeman, 1st Baron Bradford

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Sir Henry Bridgeman, 5th Baronet, 1st Baron Bradford
Born (1725-09-07)September 7, 1725
Died June 5, 1800(1800-06-05) (aged 74)
Old Burlington Street, London
Title Baron Bradford
Other titles 5th Baronet Bridgeman of Great Lever
Successor Orlando Bridgeman, 1st Earl of Bradford
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Simpson
Issue Orlando Bridgeman, 1st Earl of Bradford
John Simpson
Elizabeth Bridgeman
Rev. Hon. George Bridgeman
Parents Sir Orlando Bridgeman, 4th Baronet
Lady Anne Newport

Henry Bridgeman, 1st Baron Bradford (7 September 1725 – 5 June 1800),[1] known as Sir Henry Bridgeman, 5th Baronet between 1764 and 1794, was a British peer and politician.

Background and education[edit]

Bridgeman was the second and eldest surviving son of Sir Orlando Bridgeman, 4th Baronet.[2] His mother Anne was the daughter of Richard Newport, 2nd Earl of Bradford.[2] He was educated at Queens' College, Cambridge, where he graduated with a MA in 1747.[3] On the death of his uncle Thomas Newport, 4th Earl of Bradford in 1762 Bridgeman inherited Weston Park and two years later he succeeded his father as baronet.[4] Cambridge awarded him a Doctor of Laws in 1769 and the University of Oxford made him a Doctor of Civil Laws in 1793.[4]

Career[edit]

In 1748, Bridgeman entered the British House of Commons, having been elected for Ludlow.[5] He represented the constituency for twenty years until 1768 and sat then for (Much) Wenlock for another twentysix years.[5] Bridgeman retired as Member of Parliament in 1794 and was elevated the Peerage of Great Britain with the title Baron Bradford, of Bradford, in the County of Shropshire on 13 August.[6] He was nominated clerk of the household to George, Prince of Wales, a post he held until the latter's accession in 1760.[5] A year later he was chosen clerk comptroller of the Board of Green Cloth, serving for the following three years.[4] In 1774 Bridgeman became recorder for Much Wenlock, an appointment for life.[5]

Family[edit]

Bridgeman married Elizabeth Simpson, daughter of Reverend John Simpson on 12 July 1755; they had eight children, five sons and three daughters.[2] He died, aged 74, in Old Burlington Street in London in 1800[7] and his two oldest sons having predeceased him was succeeded in his titles by his third son Orlando, later raised to an earl.[1] His fourth son John took over his seat in Parliament and assumed the surname Simpson.[5] Bridgeman was survived by his widow until 1806; she died in Bath, Somerset and was buried in Weston.[7]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Doyle" (1886), p. 208
  2. ^ a b c Debrett (1828), p. 240
  3. ^ "Bridgeman, Henry (BRGN744H)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  4. ^ a b c Cokayne (1912), p. 275
  5. ^ a b c d e Thorne (1986), p. 253
  6. ^ "No. 13692". The London Gazette. 9 August 1794. p. 818. 
  7. ^ a b Cokayne (1912), p. 276

References[edit]

  • Doyle, James William Edmund (1886). The Official Baronage of England. vol. I. London: Longmans, Green & Co. 
  • Cokayne, George Edward (1912). Vicary Gibbs, ed. The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom. vol. II. Exeter: William Pollard Co. Ltd. 
  • Thorne, R. G. (1986). The House of Commons, 1790-1820. vol. I. London: Secker & Warburg. ISBN 0-436-52101-6. 
  • Debrett, John (1828). Debrett's Peerage of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. vol. I (17th ed.). London: G. Woodfall. 
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Richard Herbert
Sir William Corbet
Member of Parliament for Ludlow
1748–1768
With: Richard Herbert 1748–1754
Edward Herbert 1754–1768
Succeeded by
Edward Herbert
William Fellowes
Preceded by
Cecil Forester
Brooke Forester
Member of Parliament for (Much) Wenlock
1768–1794
With: George Forester 1768–1780, 1780–1784, 1785–1790
Thomas Whitmore 1780
John Bridgeman 1784–1785
Cecil Forester 1790–1794
Succeeded by
Cecil Forester
John Simpson
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Baron Bradford
1794–1800
Succeeded by
Orlando Bridgeman
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
Orlando Bridgeman
Baronet
(of Great Lever)
1764–1800
Succeeded by
Orlando Bridgeman