Henry Budd

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Henry Budd
Born circa 1812
Norway House, Rupert's Land
Died April 2, 1875
The Pas, Manitoba
Venerated in Anglican Church of Canada, Episcopal Church (United States)
Feast 2 April, 22 December

Henry Budd (circa 1812 – April 2, 1875), the first Native American ordained an Anglican priest, spent his career ministering to First Nations people.[1]

Early life[edit]

Born to Cree parents in Norway House in what was then the Red River Colony, the youth originally named Sakachuwescam was baptised and renamed Henry Budd (after his own mentor) by Anglican John West in 1822.[2] He attended the Church Missionary Society (CMS) school, which had been established by the Revd. John West in what was then known as the Red River Colony in what is now the province of Manitoba.[1][3] He attended school with James Settee and Charles Pratt (Askenootow).[4]

Raised and educated by missionaries including West, George Harbridge and David Jones, Budd returned to the Lower Church District (later St. Andrew's)[5] to assist his mother and sister-in-law in 1828.[6] Budd then took a job with the Hudson's Bay Company and ultimately married Betsy Work, daughter of a company factor. Upon completing his HBC contract, Budd and his wife bought a farm near the Red River's great rapids (a/k/a St. Andrew's).[7]The had six children, Henry, John, Elizabeth and 3 other daughters.[8]


It was in September 1830, that Henry Budd began religious instruction from Mr. West.[4] In 1837, Budd began teaching at the St. John's church school. In 1840, missionaries John Smithurst and William Cockran asked Budd to help them establish a mission to the Cree in the Cumberland House District.[9] Budd, his wife and mother then moved to Paskoyac (later known as The Pas), where they worked with minimal church supervision until 1844. Budd tried to make the station self-supporting, introducing farming methods to the native peoples, who previously subsisted on hunting and fishing and supplemented their diet by trading furs to the Hudson's Bay Company. When English missionary James Hunter arrived at The Pas, Budd assisted him in learning the language and other matters.[10]

Bishop David Anderson ordained Budd a deacon on December 22, 1850,[4] and in 1853 ordained him a priest as well as consecrated Christ Church, which Budd had labored to build at The Pas during the previous decade, overcoming the initial opposition of the HBC factor as well as some local tribal leaders.[11][12] After Hunter left in 1854, Budd continued using The Pas as a base until assigned to establish a mission at Fort a la Corne, also on the Saskatchewan River. The Church Missionary Society published some of his journals.[13] Beginning in 1857, after training Rev. Henry George at The Pas, Budd moved north to the Nepowesin Mission, where he ministered to the Plains Cree of Manitoba and Saskatchewan for a decade. There in 1864-1865, a scarlet fever epidemic took the lives of his wife, eldest son and a daughter, so Budd sent three other children to live at Red River while he continued his work, hampered as well by injuries sustained falling off a horse.[14]

In 1867, the local corresponding committee recommended that The Pas be reclassified from a missionary station (four successive English missionaries having complained of the lack of evangelistic compared to pastoral opportunities) to one requiring a native pastor.[15] Despite misgivings about the deterioration of that mission in his absence, and the lower salary paid to him compared to the white missionaries, Budd returned to The Pas.

Death and Legacy[edit]

Respected for his administrative abilities as well as his eloquence in Cree and English, Budd spent the last eight years of his life at The Pas. He succeeding in rebuilding the outpost, even though the local fur trade had collapsed. There he died of influenza in 1875[16] and despair not long after the death of another son in 1874. Two daughters survived Budd, and were taken care of by the Church Missionary Society.[17]

Budd translated the Bible and the Book of Common Prayer into the Cree Language. According to his biography published in 1920, at least one First Nations Christian man recalls being more devastated by Budd's death than the passing of his own father.[18]

The Canadian Calendar of Holy Persons of the Anglican Church of Canada remembers Rev. Budd on the anniversary of his death, April 2. The Episcopal Church (USA) recognizes Rev. Budd, with Baptist missionary Lottie Moon, on December 22.[19]

The Henry Budd College for Ministry is located at The Pas.[20]

External sources[edit]

Anglican history: Henry Budd 1814-1875


  1. ^ a b "The Church Missionary Atlas (Canada)". Adam Matthew Digital. 1896. pp. 220–226. Retrieved 19 October 2015. (subscription required (help)). 
  2. ^ Edited by Canon Bertal Heeney (1920). "Leaders of the Canadian Church, volume two". Toronto: Musson. Retrieved 12 December 2015. 
  3. ^ "The Church Missionary Gleaner, March 1857". Missionary Work Around the Winnepegoosis Lake, Rupert's Land. Adam Matthew Digital. Retrieved 24 October 2015. (subscription required (help)). 
  4. ^ a b c Sarah Tucker (1851). "The Rainbow in the North: A Short Account of the First Establishment of Christianity in Rupert's Land by the Church Missionary Society: Chapter XIII. Rev. R. and Mrs. Hunt--Summary of the Missions--Ordination of the Rev. H. Budd". London: James Nisbet. Retrieved 12 December 2015. 
  5. ^ http://www.stclementsheritage.com/index.php/our-heritage/places-of-worship/-anglican/stpeters-church/st-peters-church
  6. ^ Katherine Pettipas, The Diary of the Reverend Henry Budd, 1870-1875 (Winnipeg, 1974), available at http://www.mhs.mb.ca/docs/books/mrs04.pdf p. 17
  7. ^ Pettipas at p. 18
  8. ^ "Letter of Henry Budd, written at Red River Academy". The Colonial Church Chronicle and Missionary Journal, Vol. IV (January, 1851) pages 247-252. 3 August 1860. Retrieved 12 December 2015. 
  9. ^ M. E. Johnson (1851). "Dayspring in the Far West Sketches of Mission-Work in North-West America: Chapter III. Extension of the Mission Westwards". London: Seeley, Jackson and Halliday. Retrieved 12 December 2015. 
  10. ^ http://forallsaints.wordpress.com/2011/04/02/henry-budd-priest-1875/
  11. ^ http://anglicanhistory.org/canada/danderson/seal.html
  12. ^ Pettipas at pp. 26-27
  13. ^ http://anglicanhistory.org/indigenous/budd/
  14. ^ Pettipas at pp. 35-36
  15. ^ Pettipas at pp. 33-34.
  16. ^ "The Church Missionary Gleaner, December 1875". The Late Rev. Henry Budd. Adam Matthew Digital. Retrieved 24 October 2015. (subscription required (help)). 
  17. ^ Pettipas at pp. 39-40
  18. ^ http://www.stjamestigard.org/sermons/2011/saint25dec2011budd.pdf
  19. ^ http://satucket.com/lectionary/henry_budd.htm
  20. ^ "Henry Budd College for Ministry". Anglican Church of Canada. 2015. Retrieved 12 December 2015.