Henry Budden

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Henry Budden - Architect
Mothers and Wives Memorial to Soldiers
Woolloomooloo, 1922
Born (1871-08-11)11 August 1871
Rockley, NSW
Died 25 December 1944(1944-12-25) (aged 73)
Sydney, NSW
Nationality Australian
Occupation Architect
Awards CBE (1918)
Sir John Sulman Medal (1933 & 1936)
Practice Kent & Budden (1899-1912)
Kent Budden & Greenwell (1912-19)
Budden & Greenwell (1919-22)
H E Budden (1922-1931)
H E Budden & Mackey (1931-1939)
H E Budden (1939-1940)
Budden & Nangle (1940-44)
Buildings David Jones
Elizabeth Street, Sydney (1925)
Projects Housing development
Prince Edward Parade
Hunters Hill (1899-1912)
Design Primary Producers Bank
105 Pitt Street, Sydney
(Sulman Medal 1933)
Demolished 1964
Railway House
19 York Street,
Wynyard Park, Sydney
(Sulman Medal 1936)

Henry [Harry] Ebenezer Budden CBE (11 August 1871 – 25 December 1944) was a Sulman Award winning Australian architect active in the first 40 years of the 20th century. His work encompassed the styles of the Federation Arts and Crafts and Bungalow through to the Inter-War Stripped Classical and Art Deco. He was a leader of his profession and in the wider community, serving as the first Australian War Chest Commissioner during World War I.

Family and early life[edit]

Budden's store and Stanger's Flour Mill, Rockley, in the 1870s
The Founders Wing at Newington College, Sydney, in the 1880s

Budden was born in Rockley, New South Wales, the son of Sarah Hale (née Stanger) and Arthur Budden. His mother's family were flour millers and his father was a bank manager and store keeper who was born in Braintree, Essex, England. The Budden and Stanger families were active and committed members of the Congregational Church.[1]

Bathurst is the nearest major town to Rockley and Budden travelled there daily to attend Bathurst Superior Public School. At 14 years of age he commenced senior education, in Sydney, as a boarding student of Newington College (1886–1888). His three years at Newington coincided with the headmastership of Professor William Henry Williams.[2]

In 1889 Budden was articled in architecture to Harry Kent and in the ensuing five years studied at Sydney Technical College and the University of Sydney.[3]

Sulman Scholarship[edit]

In 1894 he won the John Sulman Travelling Scholarship and studied in Europe. Budden attended the Royal Academy in London and became an associate by examination of the Royal Institute of British Architects. After travelling on the Continent, he returned to England and worked in the office of Sir Aston Webb. He then crossed the Atlantic and worked in the Boston of Peabody & Stearns before returning to Australia via San Francisco.

Hunters Hill[edit]

The Budden family moved to the Sydney suburb of Hunters Hill in 1892 and Henry resided there until 1910.

From 1887 Arthur Budden had owned four acres of land on Woolwich Road and from 1899 he developed housing and a street known as Blake Avenue that gave access to Prince Edward Parade. The houses were designed by Henry Budden, with his father as the developer, and today are found at: 41 Woolwich Road, Wallawa; 43 Woolwich Road, Gunagulla; 2 Prince Edward Parade, Wirringulla; and 4 Prince Edward Parade, Lucknow. The speculative land and building aspirations of father and son came to fruition with the completion in 1912 of houses at 1 and 3 Prince Edward Parade. In this exercise the Budden's showed enlightened town planning and architectural principles.[4] These houses form part of the Sunnyside Estate and are heritage listed.[5]

At first Henry Budden lived in Hunters Hill with his parents at Moocooboolah, 65 Alexandra Street,[6] until he married the girl next door, Ella Thomas, in 1902. As a couple they lived in a house designed by Budden, Morillah, at 54 Woolwich Road.[7] This house, with Kurrowah at 74 Alexandra Street,[8] distinctly shows the emerging asymmetrical style of Budden as his angles take advantage of the northerly sun and river aspect of this suburb. Budden's most distinctive design in Hunters Hill is Mornington at 16 Vernon Street[9] - it is the Federation Bungalow style at its most creative.[10]

War Chest Commission[edit]

At the outbreak of World War I, Budden was appointed 1st War Chest Commissioner by the Minister for War. This was an honorary appointment and Budden sailed for Egypt in July 1915 with full authority to reorganise and administer the distribution of comforts to Australian troops on active service. These comforts had been made available by various Australian charities.[11] In April 1916, he sailed from Egypt to London and continued his work in England and France, until his return to Australia in 1917. The following year he was honoured by the award of Commander of the Order of the British Empire for his services rendered.[12]

Congregational Church & Newington College[edit]

Throughout the 45 years that Budden worked as an architect in New South Wales, two institutions had a strong influence on his commissions and partnerships - his church and his school. Harry Kent, Henry Budden and Carlyle Greenwell, and their extended families, were all active Congregationalists at a time when that Christian denomination was very influential in the upper middle classes of Sydney society and business. Much of his firms' work came from the church itself and from members of its parishes.[13] As an Old Newingtonian, Budden served on the Council of the College, as an honorary architect and as President of the Old Newingtonians' Union.[14] He employed and worked with many Old Newingtonians during his professional career including Carlyle Greenwell, William Hardy Wilson, Eric Heath and his final partner Alan Nangle. As with the church, the Newington community provided a good deal of work for Budden's firms. Sydney was a small and parochial city until World War II and this was Henry Budden's social and professional milieu.

Family life & death[edit]

From 1910, Budden and his wife lived at Kingsbury, Powell Street, Killara. They had two sons (Philip and Thomas) and five daughters (Joan, Janet, Alice, Louise and Helen), all of whom survived him on his death in Sydney in 1944.

Architectural partnerships[edit]

Brassey Hotel (1927)
Barton, Australian Capital Territory
David Jones (1927)
Elizabeth Street, Sydney
Railway House (1936)
York Street, Sydney
MWS&D Board (1939)
Pitt Street, Sydney

Kent & Budden[edit]

On Budden's return to Sydney, in 1899, he entered into partnership with his mentor, Harry Kent and the firm became known as Kent & Budden.

Kent Budden & Greenwell[edit]

In 1913, Henry Kent and Henry Budden were joined in partnership by Carlyle Greenwell. Greenwell had served his articles with Kent & Budden and after attending Sydney Technical College and the University of Sydney he had completed a Bachelor of Architecture at the University of Pennsylvania.

Budden & Greenwell[edit]

The partnership of Kent, Budden and Greenwell was dissolved in 1919 with the departure of Harry Kent. Budden and Greenwell continued to work in partnership until 1922 and Kent joined H H Masie and practiced with him until his retirement in 1930.[15]

H E Budden[edit]

On two occasions between partnerships, 1922–1931 and 1939–1940, Budden worked as a sole-trader under the name of H E Budden. He worked in conjunction with other Sydney architects on particular projects during this time.

H E Budden & Mackey[edit]

From 1931 until 1939, Budden was in partnership with Nicholas Mackey. The partnership designed Transport House, Macquarie Street, Sydney, in 1938 and the Metropolitan Water Sewerage & Drainage Board Building, Pitt Street, Sydney, in 1939.

Budden & Nangle[edit]

From 1940, until his death, Budden practiced in partnership with Alan Nangle.

Architectural works[edit]


  • Commander of the Order of the British Empire (Civil) 15 March 1918 - In recognition of service as organiser of the Australian Comforts Fund[23]

Community involvement[edit]


  1. ^ Who's Who in Australia 1935, International Press Service Association, (Sydney, 1935) pp 171
  2. ^ Newington College Register of Past Students 1863-1998 (Sydney, 1999) pp 24
  3. ^ Freeland, J.M. The Making of a Profession, Angus & Robertson, (Sydney, 1971) pp 218
  4. ^ Hunters Hill Trust
  5. ^ Heritage Branch - Sunyside Estate
  6. ^ Heritage Branch - Moocooboolah
  7. ^ Heritage Branch - Morillah
  8. ^ Heritage Branch - Kurrowah
  9. ^ Heritage Branch - Mornington
  10. ^ Sherry, Beverley Henry E. Budden and Federation Architecture in Hunters Hill, Hunters Hill Trust Journal Volume XI No. 2, (Sydney, 1982)
  11. ^ National Library of Australia - The Argus, Friday 29 October 1915
  12. ^ Architecture - April 1931, NSW Institute of Architects, (Sydney, 1931) pp 85
  13. ^ Jones, Cathy Harry Chambers Kent 1852-1938, Strathfield District Historical Society, (Sydney, 2004)
  14. ^ Swain, P.L. Newington Across the Years, A History of Newington College 1863 - 1998 (Sydney, 1999) pp 347
  15. ^ Jones, Cathy Harry Chambers Kent 1852-1938, Strathfield District Historical Society, (Sydney, 2004)
  16. ^ Heritage Branch - Sydney
  17. ^ Register of War Memorials in NSW
  18. ^ Historic House Trust of NSW - David Jones
  19. ^ Brassey Hotel - History
  20. ^ Heritage Branch - Railway House
  21. ^ Sydney Architecture Images - Transport House
  22. ^ Sydney Water - Heritage Item
  23. ^ It's an Honour
  24. ^ Swain, P.L. Newington Across the Years, A History of Newington College 1863 - 1998 (Sydney, 1999) pp 347
  25. ^ Freeland, J.M. The Making of a Profession, Angus & Robertson, (Sydney, 1971) pp 92
  26. ^ Who's Who in Australia 1935, International Press Service Association, (Sydney, 1935) pp 171