Henry Carteret, 1st Baron Carteret

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Henry Frederick Carteret, 1st Baron Carteret (1735–1826), detail from his mural monument in Kilkhampton Church, Cornwall
Quartered arms of Henry Carteret, 1st Baron Carteret (1735–1826): 1st & 4th grand quarters: 1st & 4th Gules, four fusils conjoined in fess argent (Carteret); 2nd & 3rd: Gules, three clarions or (Granville); 2nd & 3rd grand quarters: 1st & 4th: Barry of ten or and sable (Botteville); 2nd & 3rd: Argent, a lion rampant with tail nowed and erect gules (Thynne)
Mural monument in Kilkhampton Church, Cornwall, to Henry Carteret, 1st Baron Carteret (1735–1826), inscribed: "Henry Frederick Thynne. Born November 1735. Privy Counsellor, Bailiff of Jersey, Baron Carteret of Hawnes. Died June 1826". An identical monument survives in Haynes Church[1]

Henry Frederick Carteret, 1st Baron Carteret PC (1735–1826) of Hawnes, Bedfordshire (known until 1776 as the Honourable Henry Frederick Thynne), was Member of Parliament for Staffordshire (1757–61), for Weobley in Herefordshire (1761–70) and was Master of the Household to King George III 1768–1771. He was hereditary Bailiff of Jersey 1776–1826.

Origins[edit]

He was the second son of Thomas Thynne, 2nd Viscount Weymouth (1710–1751) by his second wife Louisa Carteret, daughter of John Carteret, 2nd Baron Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville (1690–1763). He was thus the younger brother of Thomas Thynne, 3rd Viscount Weymouth, later created Marquess of Bath.[2]

Education[edit]

He was educated at St John's College, Cambridge, graduating BA, and in 1753 proceeded MA. In 1769 he was awarded the degree of Doctor of Civil Laws.[3]

Career[edit]

In 1757 he was encouraged by his friend and 3rd cousin (both were descended from daughters and eventual co-heiresses of John Granville, 1st Earl of Bath (1628–1701)) Granville Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Gower (1721–1803) to enter Parliament for Staffordshire, when that seat had become vacant following the death of Gower's uncle, Hon. William Leveson-Gower (died 1756). In 1761 he was elected for the Herefordshire borough of Weobley, which he represented until 1770.[4]

In 1762 his brother sought an office for him, leading to his appointment as Clerk Comptroller of the Green Cloth (worth £1000 per year).[5] He lost this office when the Grenville government fell in 1765, and entered into opposition. After his brother returned to office as Secretary of State in 1767,[6] Thynne returned to the Royal household as Master of the Household, a post worth over £900 which he held until 1771.[7]

He was made a member of the Privy Council in 1770. In 1771 (after his brother had left office), he was given the office of joint Postmaster General, which he held until 1789. This was worth £3000 per year, and he thereupon retired from the House of Commons.[6] He gave up the postmastership in 1789, when his brother was created Marquess of Bath.[6]

Inheritance & peerage[edit]

In 1776, by Act of Parliament,[8] he changed his name and arms to Carteret, in compliance with his inheritance from his childless uncle Robert Carteret, 3rd Baron Carteret, 3rd Earl Granville (1721–1776) (under the terms of the will of the latter's father the 2nd Earl Granville),[9] of his estates including Hawnes Park (now Haynes Park), in Bedfordshire and Kilkhampton in Cornwall (the ancient seat of the Granvilles, Earls of Bath). He also succeeded him as Bailiff of Jersey, a post (for life) long held by heads of the Carteret family. In 1784 he was created Baron Carteret, of Hawnes, thus reviving his uncle's second title.

Rebuilds Hawnes Park[edit]

Haynes Park (formerly known as "Hawnes") in 2001. South front as rebuilt in about 1785-90 by Henry Carteret, 1st Baron Carteret[10]

Hawnes Park was modernised and partly rebuilt by Henry Carteret, 1st Baron Carteret, and in 1813 consisted of two quadrangles.[11] He rebuilt the south front in about 1785-90, probably to the designs of James Lewis.[10] In 1813 Lysons reported that it contained portraits of Margaret, Countess of Lennox; the mother of Rembrandt; Sir George and Lady Carteret; John, Earl Granville, and at the foot of the staircase "an ancient view" of Longleat, seat of the Thynne family.[12]

Marriage[edit]

In 1810 he married his mistress of many years, Eleanor Smart, but there were no children.

Death & succession[edit]

He died in 1826 and was succeeded as 2nd Baron by his younger nephew Lord George Thynne (1770–1838) in accordance with a special remainder in the patent when he was created baron.[6] His simple white marble mural monument with bust survives in Kilkhampton Church, Cornwall, inscribed:

"Henry Frederick Thynne. Born November 1735. Privy Counsellor, Bailiff of Jersey, Baron Carteret of Hawnes. Died June 1826"

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Burke's Peerage (1939 edn), s.v. Bath, Marquess.
  3. ^ "Thynne, The Hon. Henry Frederick (THN752HF)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  4. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs [self-published source][better source needed]
  5. ^ 'The household below stairs: Clerks of the Green Cloth 1660-1782', Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 11 (revised): Court Officers, 1660-1837 (2006), pp. 403-40.British History online, accessed 9 August 2008.
  6. ^ a b c d Roland Thorne, ‘Carteret , Henry Frederick, first Baron Carteret of Hawnes (1735–1826)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, Jan 2008), accessed 9 Aug 2008
  7. ^ British History online, accessed 9 August 2008.
  8. ^ The Gentleman's Magazine, and Historical Chronicle, Volume 96, Part 2, August 1826, p.174, Obituary [2]
  9. ^ Victoria County History, Bedford, Volume 2, William Page (editor), 1908, pp.338-344, Parishes: Hawnes or Haynes [3]
  10. ^ a b Listed building text
  11. ^ Lysons, Daniel & Samuel, Magna Britannia, Vol.I, Part I, Bedfordshire, London, 1813, p.93 [4]
  12. ^ Lysons, 1813
  13. ^ Burke, Sir Bernard, (1938 ed) Burke's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage. Shaw, London. p.243
  14. ^ a b c Woodfall, H. (1768). The Peerage of England; Containing a Genealogical and Historical Account of All the Peers of that Kingdom Etc. Fourth Edition, Carefully Corrected, and Continued to the Present Time, Volume 6. p. 258. 
  15. ^ a b  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1898). "Thynne, William". Dictionary of National Biography. 56. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  16. ^ Girouard, Mark, Thynne, Sir John (1515–1580), estate manager and builder of Longleat in Oxford Dictionary of Biography (Oxford University Press, 2004)
  17. ^ Booth, Muriel. "THYNNE, John (?1550-1604), of Longleat, Wilts.". History of Parliament. The History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2 January 2016. 
  18. ^ Lancaster, Henry; Thrush, Andrew. "THYNNE, Charles (c.1568-1652), of Cheddar, Som.". History of Parliament. The History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2 January 2016. 
  19. ^ Rugh, R. B.; Critall, Elizabeth. "'Parliamentary history : 1529-1629', in A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 5". British History Online. Victoria County History. Retrieved 2 January 2016. 
  20. ^ Ferris, John P. "THYNNE, Sir James (c.1605-70), of Longbridge Deverill, Wilts.". History of Parliament. The History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2 January 2016. 
  21. ^ Helms, M. W.; Ferris, John P. "THYNNE, Sir Thomas (c.1610-c.69), of Richmond, Surr.". History of Parliament. The History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2 January 2016. 
  22. ^ Marshall, Alan. "Thynne, Thomas". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 2 January 2016. (subscription required (help)). 
  23. ^ Heath-Caldwell, J. J. "Thomas Thynne, 1st Marquess of Bath, 3rd Viscount Weymouth". JJ Heath-Caldwell. Retrieved 2 January 2016. 
  24. ^ Hayton, D. W. "THYNNE, Hon. Henry (1675-1708).". The History of Parliament. The History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2 January 2016. 
  25. ^ Dunaway, Stewart (2013). Lord John Carteret, Earl Granville - His Life History and the Granville Grants. Lulu. p. 33. ISBN 9781300878070. 
  26. ^ "Bath, Thomas Thynne". Encyclopedia Britannica 1911. Retrieved 2 January 2016. 
  27. ^ Thorne, Roland. "Carteret [formerly Thynne], Henry Frederick". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 2 January 2016. 
  28. ^ "Thomas Thynne, 2nd Marquess of Bath (1765-1837)". National Portrait Gallery. Retrieved 2 January 2016. 
  29. ^ Escott, Margaret. "THYNNE, Lord Henry Frederick (1797-1837), of 6 Grovesnor Square, Mdx.". History of Parliament. The History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2 January 2016. 
  30. ^ "John Thynne, 4th Marquess of Bath (1831-1896), Diplomat and landowner". National Portrait Gallery. Retrieved 2 January 2016. 
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Hon. William Leveson-Gower
William Bagot
Member of Parliament for Staffordshire
with William Bagot

1756–1761
Succeeded by
Lord Grey
William Bagot
Preceded by
George Venables-Vernon
John Craster
Member of Parliament for Weobley
with Marquess of Titchfield 1761–1762
William Lynch 1762–1768
The Lord Irnham 1768–1770

1761–1770
Succeeded by
Bamber Gascoyne
The Lord Irnham
Court offices
Preceded by
John Harris
Master of the Household
1768–1771
Succeeded by
Sir Francis Drake
Government offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Sandwich
Unknown
Postmaster General of the United Kingdom
with The Lord le Despencer 1771–1782
The Viscount Barrington 1782
The Earl of Tankerville 1782–1783, 1784–1786
The Lord Foley 1783–1784
The Earl of Clarendon 1786
The Lord Walsingham 1787–1789

1771–1789
Succeeded by
The Lord Walsingham
The Earl of Westmorland
Legal offices
Preceded by
The Earl Granville
Bailiff of Jersey
1776–1826
Succeeded by
Thomas Le Breton
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Lord Charles Spencer
Senior Privy Counsellor
1820–1826
Succeeded by
Lord Robert Spencer
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Baron Carteret
1784–1826
Succeeded by
George Thynne