Henry Crowe (vicar)

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Henry Crowe
Born14 March 1769
Died18 December 1851 (1851-12-19) (aged 82)
Occupation(s)Vicar, writer

Henry Crowe (14 March 1769 – 18 December 1851)[1] was an English parish priest and early animal rights writer.


He was born at Stoke Ferry, Norfolk,[2] the son of the Rev. Henry Crowe, Rector of Burnham Deepdale. After schooling in Norwich, he matriculated at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge in 1786, graduating B.A. in 1790.[3] He was a Fellow of Clare College (1793–1800) and obtained his M.A. in 1794.[2]

Crowe was ordained deacon on 5 December 1791 and priest on 26 May 1793. He was vicar of Buckingham (1810–1851).[2] He died at Hatton Garden in 1851, age 82.[2]


Crowe was the author of the book Zoophilos, published in 1819. It was an early work supportive of animal welfare and criticised the mistreatment of animals such as bullbaiting, cockfighting, and bearbaiting.[4] He also criticised methods of animal slaughter and types of animal experimentation and testing.[5] Crowe opposed vivisection and his book contains the chapter, On Cruelty in philosophical researches which compares vivisectional cruelties to the inquisition.[6][7] He was an opponent of field sports, especially hunting.[8]

There were positive reviews of Crowe's book published in The Gentleman's Magazine (1819) and The Monthly Review (1820).[9][10]

Selected publications[edit]

  • Zoophilos, Or, Considerations on the Moral Treatment of Inferior Animals (1819)
  • Animadversions on Cruelty to the Brute Creation (1825)[11]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Rev Henry Crowe MA: Vicar of Buckingham". JJ Heath-Caldwell. Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  2. ^ a b c d Venn, John. (1898). Biographical History of Gonville and Caius College: 1349-1897. Cambridge University Press. p. 111
  3. ^ "Crowe, Henry (CRW785H)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  4. ^ Sherry, Clifford J. (1994). Animal Rights: A Reference Handbook. ABC-CLIO. p. 115
  5. ^ Magel, Charles R. (1989). Keyguide to Information Sources in Animal Rights. Mansell Publishing. p. 77
  6. ^ French, Richard D. (1975). Antivivisection and Medical Science in Victorian Society. Princeton University Press. p. 24. ISBN 978-0-691-65520-8
  7. ^ Atalić, Bruno (2012). "Historical development and ethical considerations of vivisectionist and antivivisectionist movement". Jahr: Annual of the Department of Social Sciences and Medical Humanities. 3 (6): 399–414.
  8. ^ May, Allyson N. (2013). The Fox-Hunting Controversy, 1781-2004: Class and Cruelty. Routledge. p. 55, p. 82. ISBN 978-1-4094-4220-2
  9. ^ "Zoophilos, Or, Considerations on the Moral Treatment of Inferior Animals". The Gentleman's Magazine. 89 (2): 249–250. 1819.
  10. ^ "Zoophilos, Or, Considerations on the Moral Treatment of Inferior Animals". The Monthly Review. 93: 223. 1820.
  11. ^ "Animadversions on Cruelty to the Brute Creation". The Gentleman's Magazine. 95 (2): 58–59. 1825.