Henry E. O'Neill

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Henry Edward O'Neill FRGS, FRAS, RN, (1848–1925)[1] was a Royal Navy officer and British explorer of central Africa.[2] He served as HBM consul, Mozambique.[3] O'Neill was a Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society and Royal Geographical Society, as well as an Honorary Corresponding Member of the Scottish Geographical Society.[4] He was the 1882 recipient of the Royal Geographical Society's Back Award and the 1885 recipient of their Gold Medal.[5]

Some of his published works include, Journey from Mozambique to Lake Shirwa, and discovery of Lake Amaramba, and Astronomical observations between Mozambique coast and lake Nyassa.[6] His narrative of first encounter in 1882 with residents of the plateau south of Mozambique's Ruvuma Region was the earliest written record on the area.[7]


  1. ^ http://www.aim25.ac.uk/cgi-bin/vcdf/detail?coll_id=6498&inst_id=10&nv1=search&nv2=
  2. ^ Newitt, M. D. D. (1995). A history of Mozambique. Indiana University Press. p. 335. ISBN 0-253-34006-3.
  3. ^ Whitaker, Joseph (1882). An Almanack...: by Joseph Whitaker, F.S.A., containing an account of the astronomical and other phenomena ...information respecting the government, finances, population, commerce, and general statistics of the various nation's of the world, with an index containing nearly 20,000 references. Whitaker's Almanack. p. 338.
  4. ^ Royal Scottish Geographical Society (1886). "The Ancient Civilisation, Trade, and Commerce of Eastern Africa". Scottish geographical magazine. 2. p. 92.
  5. ^ Royal Scottish Geographical Society (1885). "East AFrica, Between the Zambezi and the Rovuma Rivers: Its People, Riches, and Development". Scottish geographical magazine. 1. p. 337.
  6. ^ O'Neill, Henry E. Astronomical observations between Mozambique coast and lake Nyassa.
  7. ^ "Villains, Victims, or Makonde in the Making? Reading the Explorer Henry O'Neill and Listening to the Headman Lishehe". Ethnohistory. Johns Hopkins University, Project MUSE. 51 (1). Winter 2004. doi:10.1215/00141801-51-1-1.