Henry Pelham-Clinton-Hope, 9th Duke of Newcastle

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His Grace
The Duke of Newcastle
OBE, DL, JP
9th Duke of Newcastle Allan Warren.jpg
Portrait by Allan Warren
Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne
In office
20 April 1941 – 4 November 1988
Preceded by Francis
Succeeded by Edward
Personal details
Born (1907-04-08)8 April 1907
Died 4 November 1988(1988-11-04) (aged 81)
Spouse(s) Jean Banks (1931-1940)
Mary Diana Montagu-Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie (1946-1959)
Sally Ann Wemyss Anstice (1959-1988)

Henry Edward Hugh Pelham-Clinton-Hope, 9th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne, OBE, DL, JP (8 April 1907 – 4 November 1988),[1] styled Earl of Lincoln from 1928 to 1941, was a British peer and aviator.

Background[edit]

Born at Whitehall Court, he was the oldest son of Francis Pelham-Clinton-Hope, 8th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne, and his wife Olive Muriel Thompson, daughter of the Australian banker George Horatio Thompson.[2] Pelham-Clinton-Hope was educated at Eton College and then at Magdalen College, Oxford.[3] He inherited the family's seat Clumber House from his uncle Henry Pelham-Clinton, 7th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne, in preference to his father, whom he succeeded as duke in 1941.[4] The house was demolished in the late 1930s and plans to rebuild it on a smaller scale were never undertaken; the estate was sold to the National Trust in 1946.[4] Having succeeded as Duke of Newcastle in 1941, during the 1950s he moved the family seat to Boyton Manor in Wiltshire.[4]

Career[edit]

In 1936, while known by the courtesy title of Earl of Lincoln, the future Duke joined the Royal Auxiliary Air Force and served in the No. 609 (West Riding) (Fighter) Squadron.[5] In 1938 he was transferred to become squadron leader of No. 616 (South Yorkshire) (Fighter) Squadron.[3] He fought in the Second World War, and after its end in 1945 was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire. From 1947, he commanded an air defence unit in Hampshire as a wing commander.[3] He was a Deputy Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire (1937–1948) and served the county as a Justice of the Peace (1933–1948).[6]

In 1948 the Duke migrated to Southern Rhodesia, where his daughter Patricia was born.

Family[edit]

On 23 March 1931, the Earl of Lincoln married Jean Gimbernat (died 1968), the former wife of a Mr Gimbernat and daughter of David Banks of Park Avenue, New York City.[6] They were divorced in 1940, and some six years later, on 30 November 1946, the Duke of Newcastle (as he by then was) married again Lady Mary Diana Montagu-Stuart-Wortley (2 June 1920 – 19 September 1997), second daughter of Archibald Montagu-Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie, 3rd Earl of Wharncliffe, by his marriage to Lady Maud Lillian Elfreda Mary Wentworth-Fitzwilliam.[6] By his second wife he had two daughters: Lady Patricia Pelham-Clinton-Hope (born 20 July 1949) and Lady Kathleen Marie Gabrielle Pelham-Clinton-Hope (1 January 1951 - 1 May 2016)[6][7] After another divorce in 1959, on 23 October of the same year Newcastle married thirdly Mrs Sally Ann Wemyss Hope (d. 2015), former wife of Fikret Jemal and eldest daughter of Brigadier John Henry Anstice, of Kyrenia, Cyprus.[6] His daughter Patricia was married to the actor Nick Mancuso.[8]

Upon his death in 1988, lacking a son, the Duke was succeeded in his titles by Edward Pelham-Clinton, a descendant of a younger son of Henry Pelham-Clinton, 4th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Leigh Rayment – Peerage". Retrieved 21 November 2009. 
  2. ^ Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles (1929). Armorial Families. vol. I. London: Hurst & Blackett. p. 1528. 
  3. ^ a b c Who is Who 1963. London: Adam & Charles Black Ltd. 1963. p. 2232. 
  4. ^ a b c "University of Nottingham – Biography of Henry Edward Hugh Pelham-Clinton-Hope, 9th Duke (1907–1988)". Retrieved 21 November 2009. 
  5. ^ "No. 34292". The London Gazette. 9 June 1936. p. 3667. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f "ThePeerage – Henry Edward Hugh Pelham-Clinton-Hope, 9th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyme". Retrieved 26 March 2007. 
  7. ^ "Telegraph Announcements – PELHAM-CLINTON-HOPE". Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  8. ^ "The Internet Movie Database – Biography for Nick Mancuso". Retrieved 21 November 2009. 

External links[edit]

Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Francis Pelham-Clinton-Hope
Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne
1941–1988
Succeeded by
Edward Pelham-Clinton