Henry Edward Manning Douglas

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Henry Edward Manning Douglas
Henry Edward Manning Douglas VC.jpg
Born11 July 1875
Gillingham, Kent
Died14 February 1939 (aged 63)
Droitwich, Worcestershire
Epsom Cemetery, Surrey
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branchFlag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service1899-1933
UnitRoyal Army Medical Corps
Battles/warsSecond Boer War
Third Somaliland Expedition
First Balkan War
World War I
Russian Civil War
AwardsVictoria Cross (UK) ribbon.png Victoria Cross
Order of the Bath
Order of St Michael and St George
Distinguished Service Order
Croix de guerre (France)
Order of St. Sava (Serbia)

Major-General Henry Edward Manning Douglas VC CB CMG DSO (11 July 1875 – 14 February 1939) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.


Born in Gillingham, Medway,[1] Douglas took the Scottish Triple Qualification (LRCP(Edin), LRCS(Edin), LRCPS(Glas) in 1898. He was commissioned as a lieutenant in the Royal Army Medical Corps on 28 July 1899,[2] and travelled to South Africa following the outbreak of the Second Boer War three months later.

Douglas was 24 years old, and a lieutenant in the Royal Army Medical Corps[3] during the Second Boer War, when the following deed earned him the Victoria Cross at the Battle of Magersfontein, South Africa, on 11 December 1899:

On the 11th December, 1899, during the action at Magersfontein, Lieutenant Douglas showed great gallantry and devotion under a very severe fire in advancing in the open and attending to Captain Gordon, Gordon Highlanders, who was wounded, and also attending to Major Robinson and other wounded men under a fearful fire. Many similar acts of devotion and gallantry were performed by Lieutenant Douglas on the same day.[4]

Douglas was himself wounded by a bullet in the face at Magersfontein, and was invalided back home. He returned to South Africa only two months later, however, leaving Southampton in the SS Ottoman in late February 1900,[5] and continued to serve until he returned to the United Kingdom in early 1901. He received the VC from King Edward VII during an investiture at Marlborough House on 25 July 1901.[6] The following year he was appointed for light duty in the Home District,[7] and promoted to captain on 28 July 1902.[8]

He also served in the First World War and later achieved the rank of Major General.[9] He is buried in Epsom. His Victoria Cross is displayed at the Army Medical Services Museum in Aldershot, England.


  1. ^ "The Douglas Archives".
  2. ^ Hart′s Army list, 1903
  3. ^ "Epsom and Ewell History Explorer".
  4. ^ "No. 27300". The London Gazette. 29 March 1901. p. 2193.
  5. ^ "Embarcation of Troops". The Times (36078). London. 1 March 1900. p. 7.
  6. ^ "Court Circular". The Times (36517). London. 26 July 1901. p. 3.
  7. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36713). London. 12 March 1902. p. 7.
  8. ^ "No. 27468". The London Gazette. 26 August 1902. p. 5536.
  9. ^ J C de Villiers, C V Small (1999). "Medical Recipients of the Victoria Cross during the Anglo-Boer War" (PDF). South African Medical Journal. 89 (12).

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