Henry Eld was born in Cedar Hill, New Haven, Connecticut, on June 2, 1814, and lived in the area now known as View Street, but when it started becoming more populated he removed his house and relocated. He was a Lieutenant in the U.S. Navy.
Eld served as a geographer on the ship Peacock, on the ship Vincennes at Fiji, and joined Lieutenant George Emmons's overland journey through Oregon and California (while in California he was involved in the Mexican War). He produced 43 maps and 42 pencil sketches of the land between the Columbia River and the Sacramento Valley.
Passed Midshipman Eld was one of the officers of the U.S. exploring expedition under Capt. Charles Wilkes in 1838 and 1842 in search of the Antarctic continent, which Eld first descried and called out land from the crosstree of the sloop Peacock on January 16, 1840. From this the United States dates the first discovery of the Antarctic continent, and Capt. Wilkes named the highest mountain peak Eld Peak (which is part of what was later named the Lazarev Mountains). They proved that the Antarctic was a continent (Eld was the first to see the Antarctic mountains at a crucial stage of their survey of the ice fields). On January 10, 1840 Eld was part of a two-man landing party to investigate Macquarie Island, one of the first men to do so. Splitting with his quarter-master, he explored a penguin rookery alone, and was surprised by resistance the birds gave him. Eld kept journals and sketch books of the Wilkes Expedition, accompanied by letters, reports and orders, documenting his personal and professional life.
Specimens where collected during the expedition - fifty thousand plants, and over 7 thousand mineral specimens, 3 thousand insects, innumerable shells, fish, reptiles, mammals, and hundreds of tribal artifacts- all these became scientific treasure.
Henry Eld died at sea on board U. S. ship of war Ohio on March 12, 1850, bound home from Rio de Janeiro after a three and a half years' cruise.
- A Sailor's Poem written in memory of Henry Eld's passing in 1854:
"...thrice had weary sickness laid him low
Upon the troubled couch of feverish pain —
And days and nights of anguish measured slow
Their length upon the prostrate sufferer's chain;
Yet oft bright visions to his heart would come..."
- Map of where Henry Eld's house was in Cedar Hill
- Collections of the New Haven Colony Historical Society, New Haven, Connecticut
- Narrative of the United States Exploring Expedition”, Wilkes, Charles, vol 2, p.288-9. 1845
- Henry Eld, Journal, Statistics, &c., in Oregon and California, MSS, in Yale University Library.
- Phillips, James W. (1971). Washington State Place Names. University of Washington Press. pp. 19, 44. ISBN 0-295-95158-3.
- Ocean melodies, and seamen's companion: a collection of hymns and music: for the use of Bethels, chaplains of the Navy, and private devotion of mariners (1854)
- Photos of some sketches by Henry Eld
- Narrative of the United States' exploring expedition, during the years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842 (1845), Wilkes, Charles (1798–1877)