Henry F. Schaefer, III
|Henry F Schaefer III|
|Born||Henry Frederick Schaefer III
June 8, 1944
Grand Rapids, Michigan, United States
|Institutions||University of Georgia|
|Alma mater||Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Stanford University|
ACS Award in Pure Chemistry (1979)Peter Debye Award (2014)
Henry "Fritz" Schaefer III (born June 8, 1944) is a computational and theoretical chemist. He is one of the most highly cited scientists in the world, with a Thomson Reuters H-Index of 112.  He is the Graham Perdue Professor of Chemistry and Director of the Center for Computational Chemistry at the University of Georgia. Schaefer is sometimes called a prominent proponent of intelligent design. However, he has described himself as "sympathetic" to teleological arguments, but primarily a "proponent of Jesus." He is a Fellow of twelve learned societies, including the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, American Physical Society, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Royal Society of Chemistry, American Chemical Society, and the Chemical Research Society of India.
Early life and education
Schaefer was born in Grand Rapids, Michigan, and was educated in Syracuse, New York; Menlo Park, California; and East Grand Rapids, Michigan. He was awarded a B.S. degree in chemical physics by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1966 and a Ph.D. degree in chemical physics from Stanford University in 1969. He was professor of chemistry at the University of California, Berkeley from 1969 to 1987. In 1979-1980 he was Wilfred T. Doherty Professor of Chemistry and inaugural Director of the Institute for Theoretical Chemistry at the University of Texas, Austin. In 1987 he moved to the University of Georgia, where he is Graham Perdue Professor of Chemistry and Director of the Center for Computational Chemistry. He is a member of the International Academy of Quantum Molecular Science and for a long time was the chairman of WATOC (World Association of Theoretical and Computational Chemists). In 2004 he became Professor of Chemistry, Emeritus, at UC Berkeley. His other academic appointments include Professeur d'Echange at the University of Paris (1977), Gastprofessur at the Eidgenossische Technische Hochshule (ETH), Zurich (1994, 1995, 1997, 2000, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2010), and David P. Craig Visiting Professor at the Australian National University (1999). He is also a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Research and books
Research within the Schaefer group involves the use of computational hardware and theoretical methods to solve problems in molecular quantum mechanics. His contributions to the field of quantum chemistry include a paper challenging, on theoretical grounds, the geometry of triplet methylene as assigned by Nobel Prize-winning experimentalist Gerhard Herzberg; the development of the Z-vector method simplifying certain calculations of correlated systems; and a wide body of work undertaken in his research group on the geometries, properties, and reactions of chemical systems using highly accurate ab initio quantum chemical techniques. Many of these papers have predicted, or forced a reinterpretation of, experimental results. He is the author of more than 1,500 scientific publications, the majority appearing in the Journal of Chemical Physics or the Journal of the American Chemical Society.
Awards and honor
Schaefer was awarded the American Chemical Society's ACS Award in Pure Chemistry in 1979 "for the development of computational quantum chemistry into a reliable quantitative field of chemistry and for prolific exemplary calculations of broad chemical interest". In 1983 he received the Leo Hendrik Baekeland award for the most distinguished North American chemist under the age of 40. In 1992, he was awarded the Centenary Medal of the Royal Society of Chemistry, London, with a citation that included "the first theoretical chemist successfully to challenge the accepted conclusion of a distinguished experimental group for a polyatomic molecule, namely methylene." In 2003, Schaefer received the American Chemical Society Award in Theoretical Chemistry and the Ira Remsen Award of Johns Hopkins University. In 2004, a six day conference was convened in Gyeongju, Korea on the “Theory and Applications of Computational Chemistry: A Celebration of 1000 Papers of Professor Henry F. Schaefer III.” Schaefer was honored with the $10,000 Joseph O. Hirschfelder Prize in 2005 by the University of Wisconsin's Theoretical Chemistry Institute, joining a distinguished list of some of the best-known scientists in the field. In 2011 he received the prestigious Ide P. Trotter Prize of Texas A&M University. Previous recipients of the Trotter Prize include Nobelists Francis Crick, Charles Townes, Steven Weinberg, and William Phillips. (http://www.science.tamu.edu/trotter/) On April 5, 2013 at the Chemical Heritage Foundation in Philadelphia, Schaefer received the Chemical Pioneer Award of the American Institute of Chemists.
Schaefer is also an active Protestant Christian educator who regularly speaks to university audiences (over 350 to date), Christian groups and the public on science/faith issues. In 2003, he published Science and Christianity: Conflict or Coherence?, a collection of essays and talks on the subject. A second edition appeared in 2013. He is a member of the Christian Faculty Forum at the University of Georgia.
In 2012 Professor Schaefer received the Alexander von Humboldt Award, and on March 29, 2012 he received the $20,000 SURA Distinguished Scientist Award, given to the outstanding scientist in any field in the 17 southern states of the USA, for fulfilling SURA's mission of fostering excellence in scientific research.
Schaefer's career has not been devoid of controversy. On January 25. 2008, he was invited to present a lecture entitled 'The Big Bang, Stephen Hawking and God' at the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay. This evoked a response from a group of six atheist students in the form of handbills. However, Professor Schaefer was invited back to IIT Bombay in February, 2014, to give its highly prestigious "Institute Lecture." In March of 2015, Schaefer was elected as an Honorary Fellow of the Chemical Research Society of India.
There has been some controversy concerning the designation of Schaefer as a "five-time nominee for the Nobel Prize."  The names of nominees and other information about the nominations cannot be revealed until 50 years later.  The original source of this estimate is a December 23, 1991 cover article in U.S. News & World Report. In October 2012 The Best Schools proposed a list of "Seven Chemists Who Deserve a Nobel Prize," with a 100-200 word description of the science of each. The Best Schools list includes Allen J. Bard, Mildred S. Dresselhaus, Jean M. J. Frechet, Martin Karplus, Henry F. Schaefer, James M. Tour, and George M. Whitesides. Martin Karplus did, in fact, receive the 2013 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
Publications, books, lectures
- Science and Christianity : Conflict or Coherence? Apollos Trust, (2003) ISBN 0-9742975-0-X. Second edition, (2013) ISBN 0-9742975-1-8.
- Scientists and Their Gods (2001) 
- Quantum Chemistry: The Development of Ab Initio Methods in Molecular Electronic Structure Theory Dover Publications (February 20, 2004) ISBN 0-486-43246-7
- "Leading the Computational Chemistry Field", Scientific Computing World, Aug/Sept 2006, pg 9-11.
- Schaefer is one of the most highly-cited scientists in the world for the past four decades. See Eugene Garfield, Current Contents, Number 41, October 12, 1981.
- "Center for Computational Quantum Chemistry Profile Page". Center for Computational Chemistry. University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia. Retrieved 2014-03-25.
- Public lecture at New Saint Andrews College on April 15, 2010.
- Schaefer, H. F. (2014). "Paul von Ragué Schleyer (1930–2014) Chemist who launched the study of caged hydrocarbons". Nature 517 (7532): 22. doi:10.1038/517022a.
- "UGA chemistry professor Henry F. Schaefer III named Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences". Public Affairs News Bureau. University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia. May 5, 2004. Retrieved 2008-02-12.
- Journal of Physical Chemistry, A, Volume 108, No. 15, (2004), pg 2818 - 2840, List of publications of Fritz Schaefer, 1020 are listed to 2004.
- ACS Pure Chemistry award
- Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Volume 108, (2004), pg 2805 - 2807, "Biography of Fritz Schaefer", C. E. Dykstra, B. J. Garrison, G. E. Scuseria and D. R. Yarkony.
- Theory and Applications of Computational Chemistry: A Celebration of 1000 Papers of Professor Henry F. Schaefer III, Kwang S. Kim et al. POSTECH, Gyeongju, Korea.
-  http://www.chem.wisc.edu/content/joseph-o-hirschfelder-prize
- Schaefer, Henry F. (2003). Science and Christianity: Conflict or Coherence?. The Apollos Trust. ISBN 0-9742975-0-X. An expanded fifth printing appeared in 2008
- University of Georgia Christian Faculty Forum
- Newspaper: DNA
- Newspaper: Times of India
- "A Scientific Dissent From Darwinism" (pdf). Discovery Institute. Retrieved 2008-02-12.
- Questions and Answers about Intelligent Design Discovery Institute. (Word file)
- 100 Scientists, National Poll Challenge Darwinism Discovery Institute.
- Jeffery L. Sheler and Joannie M. Schrof. 1991. "The Creation" U.S. News and World Report, Dec. 23, 1991, pp. 56-64. See inset quoting Schaefer and citing him as "quantum chemist and five-time nominee for the Nobel Prize," p. 62.
- Scientists and Their Gods (2001)
- The Center for Computational Quantum Chemistry Group Page
- Henry F. Schaefer, PhD: UGA
- HENRY F. SCHAEFER III: IAQMS
- Henry Schaefer, Fellow-CSC: Discovery Institute
- Dr. Henry F. "Fritz" Schaefer, III: Leadership U
- Public Lectures by Henry F. Schaefer III
- Public Lectures by Henry F. Schaefer III Doc/PDF