Henry Frederick Campbell

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Sir Henry Frederick Campbell
Born 10 July 1769
Died 3 September 1856(1856-09-03) (aged 87)
Allegiance  Kingdom of Great Britain (to 1800)
 United Kingdom (from 1801)
Service/branch United Kingdom British Army
Years of service from 1786
Rank General
Commands held 1st Division
Battles/wars French Revolutionary Wars
Battle of Boxtel
Napoleonic Wars
Battle of the Douro
Battle of Talavera
Siege of Cuidad Rodrigo
Battle of Salamanca
Siege of Burgos
Awards Army Gold Medal
Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Guelphic Order
Other work MP for Nairnshire

General Sir Henry Frederick Campbell, KCB, GCH (10 July 1769 – 3 September 1856) was a soldier of the British Army.

Early life and family[edit]

He was the only son of Lieutenant-Colonel Alexander Campbell (third son of John Campbell of Cawdor) by his wife Frances, daughter of Philip Medows, the deputy ranger of Richmond Park and son of Sir Philip Meadowes. He was educated at Greenwich from 1778 to 1780, and in November 1785 succeeded his father. On 10 April 1808 he married Emma, daughter of Thomas Williams of Temple House, Berkshire; they had one son, George Herbert Frederick Campbell, and two daughters, Henrietta Frances Campbell and Frances Augusta Campbell.[1][2] His wife had three sons from her previous marriage to Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Knox, a nephew of Thomas Knox, 1st Viscount Northland.[3]

Military career[edit]

Campbell joined the Army on 20 September 1786 as an ensign in the 1st Regiment of Foot Guards. In February 1793 he went to Holland, and on 25 April was promoted to lieutenant, with the Army rank of captain. He returned to England in May, but was back on the Continent from June 1794 until returning to take up a staff post in December; during this period he served at the Battle of Boxtel. On 6 April 1796 he was made captain of a company in the Guards, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel in the Army, and on 25 September 1803 he was made aide-de-camp to the King, with brevet rank as a colonel.[4]

In December 1808 Campbell went to Portugal as brigadier-general commanding the 2nd Brigade of Guards. He was present at the Battle of the Douro in May 1809 and at the Battle of Talavera. At Talavera he was wounded in the face and had to return to the United Kingdom;[4] on 1 February 1810 he received the thanks of Parliament for his part in the battle[1] and on 25 July he was promoted to major-general. He returned to Portugal in April 1811 to resume command of his brigade, then commanded the 1st Division during 1812 at the siege of Cuidad Rodrigo, the battle of Salamanca and the siege of Burgos.[4] On 3 December he was again thanked by Parliament, for his services at Salamanca.[1] For Talavera and Salamanca he was awarded the Army Gold Medal with one clasp; on 2 October 1813 he was made third major of the 1st Foot Guards, and on 4 June 1814 he was promoted to lieutenant-general.[4] He was made a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath on 2 January 1815, colonel of the 88th Regiment of Foot in 1824, colonel of the 25th Regiment of Foot in 1831, and promoted to general in 1837.[1]

Civil career[edit]

In 1792 Campbell succeeded his maternal uncle Charles Pierrepont in the sinecure post of prothonotary to the Palace Court; he would hold the office until the Court was abolished in 1849. From 1796 to 1802 and from 1806 to 1807 he was Member of Parliament for Nairnshire, returned through the influence of his cousin John Campbell, 1st Baron Cawdor. From about 1809 he was a groom of the bedchamber to King George III, continuing in the same post at the King's court at Windsor during the Regency. He was secretary and comptroller to Queen Charlotte from 1817 to 1818,[1] and was made a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Guelphic Order in 1818.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e David R. Fisher, CAMPBELL, Henry Frederick (1769–1856). in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1790–1820 (1986).
  2. ^ George William Collen ed., "CAWDOR" in Debrett's Peerage of England, Scotland and Ireland (1840) p. 151.
  3. ^ John Burke, "RANFURLY" in A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire (1839) p. 865
  4. ^ a b c d John Philippart, The Royal Military Calendar (1820), vol. II, pp. 410–411.
  5. ^ William A. Shaw, The Knights of England (1906) vol. I, p. 448.
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Alexander Brodie
(to 1790)
Member of Parliament for Nairnshire
1796–1800
Succeeded by
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Member of Parliament for Nairnshire
1801–1802
1806–1807
Succeeded by
Hugh Rose
(from 1812)
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Gordon Drummond
Colonel of the 88th Regiment of Foot
1824–1831
Succeeded by
Sir John Wallace
Preceded by
Charles FitzRoy
Colonel of the 25th Regiment of Foot
1831–1856
Succeeded by
Sir Henry Somerset